northanger (northanger) wrote,

Hino Nacional Brasileiro & Asteroid #1042 Amazone

Brazilian National Anthem

The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in Latin America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it is the easternmost country of the Americas and it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana — every South American nation except for Ecuador and Chile. Named after brazilwood, a tree highly valued by early colonists, Brazil is home to both extensive agricultural lands and rain forests. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader. A former colony of Portugal, Portuguese is its official language.

Ipiranga's [1] placid banks have heard
The resounding cry of a heroic people.
And the sun of freedom, in bright rays,
Shone at that moment in the homeland's skies.

As the promise of this equality
Was secured by our strong arms,
In your bosom, O Freedom,
Our heart defies even death.

O beloved, idolized homeland, hail, hail!

Brazil, a vivid dream, a lively ray
Of love and hope settles on the earth,
As in your beautiful sky, smiling and limpid,
The image of the Southern Cross shines resplendent.

A giant by nature, You are beautiful, strong, an intrepid colossus,
And your future mirrors this grandeur.


O land we adore,
among a thousand others
You are, Brazil, the beloved one!

You are the gentle mother of the sons of this land,
Beloved homeland, Brazil!

Eternally laid in a splendid cradle,
To the sound of the sea and the light from the depths of the sky,
Brazil, you gleam, fleuron of the Americas,
Illuminated by the sun of the New World.

Your smiling, lovely fields have more flowers
Than the most attractive land elsewhere,
"Our forests have more life",
"Our life" in your bosom "more love".

O beloved, idolized homeland, hail, hail!

Brazil, may the starry banner you display
Be a symbol of eternal love,
And may the green laurel of this pennant speak
- Peace in the future and glory in the past.

But if you raise a strong cudgel in the name of justice,
You will see that a son of yours does not run from the fight,
Nor does one who adores you fear death.

[1] stream flowing near the city of São Paulo, Brazil. On its banks the regent Pedro (later Emperor Pedro I) issued the Grito do Ipiranga, the declaration of the independence of Brazil from Portugal, on Sept. 7, 1822. The event is commemorated by a monument and a historical museum. {}

Asteroid #1042 Amazone

Discovered 22-April-1925 by Karl W. Reinmuth; named after the River Amazon.

The Amazon River (occasionally River Amazon; Spanish: Río Amazonas, Portuguese: Rio Amazonas) of South America is one of the longest two rivers on Earth, the Nile River in Africa being the other. The Amazon has by far the greatest total flow of any river, carrying more than the Mississippi, Nile, and Yangtze rivers combined. It also has the largest drainage area of any river system. It may be correctly stated that the Nile is the longest river, while the Amazon is the strongest. Basin countries: Brazil (62.4%), Peru (16.3%), Bolivia (12.0%), Colombia (6.3%), Ecuador (2.1%).

Amazon Rainforest: The Amazon is a rainforest in South America. It encompasses 1.2 billion acres (7 million km²), with parts located within nine nations: Brazil (with 60% of the rainforest), Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. This forest represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests. States or departments in four nations bear the name Amazonas for the Amazon.

Amazonas State, Brazil: Largest state of Brazil in area (almost entirely covered by the Amazon rainforest), located in the northern part of the country. Neighboring states are (from north clockwise) Roraima, Pará, Mato Grosso, Rondônia, Acre. It also borders Peru, Colombia and Venezuela. This includes the department Amazonas in Colombia, as well as the Amazonas State, Venezuela (it does not border the Peruvian Amazonas Region). Amazonas has a territory covered mostly by jungle, covering a vast area of Amazon Rainforest. The state is named after the Amazon River. Amazonas is home to the highest mountain in Brazil; Pico da Neblina, a tepui which stands at 3,014 metres above sea level.

Tags: amazone, brazil

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