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hyacinth pillar

In his right hand he bears the wand, tipped with a pyramid of white, of the All-Father. In his left hand he bears the flaming pine-cone, of similar significance, but more definitely indicating vegetable growth; and from his left shoulder hangs a bunch of purple grapes. Grapes represent fertility, sweetness, and the basis of ecstasy. This ecstasy is shown by the stem of the grapes developing into rainbow - hued spirals. The Form of the Universe. This suggests the Threefold Veil of the Negative manifesting, by his intervention, in divided light. Upon this spiral whorl are other attributions of godhead; the vulture of Maut, the dove of Venus (Isis or Mary), and the ivy sacred to his devotees. There is also the butterfly of many-coloured air and the winged globe with its twin serpents, a symbol which is echoed and fortified by the twin infants embracing on the middle spiral. Above them hangs the benediction of three flowers in one. Fawning upon him is the tiger; and beneath his feet in the Nile with its lotus stems crouches the crocodile. Resuming all his many forms and many- coloured images in the centre of the figure, the focus of the microcosm is the radiant sun. The whole picture is a glyph of the creative light. —The Book of Thoth (The Fool), Aleister Crowley & Frieda Harris

1a. A bulbous Mediterranean plant (Hyacinthus orientalis) having narrow leaves and a terminal raceme of variously colored, usually fragrant flowers, with a funnel-shaped perianth. Also called jacinth. b. Any of several similar or related plants, such as the grape hyacinth. 2. Greek Mythology A plant, perhaps the larkspur, gladiolus, or iris, that sprang from the blood of the slain Hyacinthus. 3. A deep purplish blue to vivid violet. 4a. A reddish or cinnamon-colored variety of transparent zircon, used as a gemstone. b. A blue precious stone, perhaps the sapphire, known in antiquity. ETYMOLOGY: Latin hyacinthus, from Greek huakinthos, wild hyacinth. —hyacinth, The American Heritage Dictionary

The flower of the Greek youth Hyacinth has been identified with a number of plants (e.g., iris) other than the true hyacinth. The related grape hyacinths (Muscari), sometimes called baby’s-breath, are very low, mostly blue-flowered herbs similar in appearance to hyacinths and also commonly cultivated. —hyacinth, The Columbia Encyclopedia

APOLLO was passionately fond of a youth named Hyacinthus. He accompanied him in his sports, carried the nets when he went fishing, led the dogs when he went to hunt, followed him in his excursions in the mountains, and neglected for him his lyre and his arrows. One day they played a game of quoits together, and Apollo, heaving aloft the discus, with strength mingled with skill, sent it high and far. Hyacinthus watched it as it flew, and excited with the sport ran forward to seize it, eager to make his throw, when the quoit bounded from the earth and struck him in the forehead. He fainted and fell. The god, as pale as himself, raised him and tried all his art to stanch the wound and retain the flitting life, but all in vain; the hurt was past the power of medicine. As when one has broken the stem of a lily in the garden it hangs its head and turns its flowers to the earth, so the head of the dying boy, as if too heavy for his neck, fell over on his shoulder. “Thou diest, Hyacinth,” so spoke Phœbus, “robbed of thy youth by me. Thine is the suffering, mine the crime. Would that I could die for thee! But since that may not be, thou shalt live with me in memory and in song. My lyre shall celebrate thee, my song shall tell thy fate, and thou shalt become a flower inscribed with my regrets.” While Apollo spoke, behold the blood which had flowed on the ground and stained the herbage ceased to be blood; but a flower of hue more beautiful than the Tyrian sprang up, resembling the lily, if it were not that this is purple and that silvery white. And this was not enough for Phœbus; but to confer still greater honor, he marked the petals with his sorrow, and inscribed “Ah! ah!” upon them as we see to this day. The flower bears the name of Hyacinthus, and with every returning spring revives the memory of his fate. —Apollo and Hyacinthus, Age of Fable, Thomas Bulfinch

His skill was in vain; the wound was past all cure. And as, when in a garden violets or lilies tawny-tongued or poppies proud are bruised and bent, at once they hang their heads and, drooping, cannot stand erect and bow their gaze upon the ground; so dying lies that face so fair and, all strength ebbed away, his head, too heavy, on his shoulders sinks. ‘My Oebalides [Hyakinthos]’, Phoebus cried, ‘laid low and cheated of youth’s prime! I see your wound, my condemnation, you my grief and guilt! I, I have caused your death; on my own hand, my own, your doom is written. Yet what wrong is mine unless to join the game with you were wrong or I were wrong to love you well? Oh, would for you – or with you – I might give my life! But since the laws of fate forbid, you shall be with me always; you shall stay for ever in remembrance on my lips, and you my lure and you my song shall hymn. A new flower you shall be with letters marked to imitate my sobs, and time shall come when to that flower the bravest hero born [Aias] shall add his name on the same petals writ.’ So with prophetic words Apollo spoke, and lo! the flowing flood that stained the grass was blood no longer; and a flower rose gorgeous as Tyrian dye, in form a lily, save that a lily wears a silver hue, this richest purple. And, not yet content, Phoebus (who had wrought the work of grace) inscribed upon the flower his lament, AI AI, AI AI, and still the petals show the letters written there in words of woe. And Sparta’s prince in Hyacinthus, her son, endures undimmed; with pomp and proud display each year his feast, the Hyacinthia, returns in the ancient way.” Metamorphoses 10.162Apollon & Hyakinthos, Theoi Project [see also: Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities and The Greek Myths by Robert Graves]

The body of Achilles so treacherously slain was rescued by Ajax and Ulysses. Thetis directed the Greeks to bestow her son’s armor on the hero who of all the survivors should be judged most deserving of it. Ajax and Ulysses were the only claimants; a select number of the other chiefs were appointed to award the prize. It was awarded to Ulysses, thus placing wisdom before valor; whereupon Ajax slew himself. On the spot where his blood sank into the earth a flower sprang up, called the hyacinth, bearing on its leaves the first two letters of the name of Ajax, Ai, the Greek for “woe.” Thus Ajax is a claimant with the boy Hyacinthus for the honor of giving birth to this flower. There is a species of Larkspur which represents the hyacinth of the poets in preserving the memory of this event, the Delphinium Ajacis—Ajax’s Larkspur. —The Fall of Troy, Age of Fable, Thomas Bulfinch

According to Grecian fable, was the son of Amyclas, a Spartan king. The lad was beloved by Apollo and Zephyr, and as he preferred the sun-god, Zephyr drove Apollo’s quoit at his head, and killed him. The blood became a flower, and the petals are inscribed with the boy’s name. (Virgil Eclogues, iii. 106.) The hyacinth bewrays the doleful ‘A I, And culls the tribute of Apollo’s sigh. Still on its bloom the mournful flower retains The lovely blue that dyed the stripling’s veins. (Camoens: Lusiad, ix). —Hyacinth, Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer

Sir Isaac Newton said, "Indeed rays, properly expressed, are not coloured."

TO perform my late promise to you, I shall without further ceremony acquaint you, that in the beginning of the Year 1666 (at which time I applyed my self to the grinding of Optick glasses of other figures than Spherical,) I procured me a Triangular glass-Prisme, to try therewith the celebrated Phænomena of Colours. —A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton ... containing his New Theory about Light and Colors, The Newton Project

Color (American English) or colour (most other forms of English, including Australian English, British English, Canadian English and New Zealand English) is a sensation caused by light as it interacts with the eye, brain, and our experience. The perception of colour is also greatly influenced by nearby colours in the visual scene. The term colour is also used for the property of objects that gives rise to these sensations. —Color

1a. Any of various low-growing herbs of the genus Viola, having short-spurred, irregular flowers that are characteristically purplish-blue but sometimes yellow or white. b. Any of several similar plants, such as the African violet. 2. The hue of the short-wave end of the visible spectrum, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 380 to 420 nanometers; any of a group of colors, reddish-blue in hue, that may vary in lightness and saturation. ETYMOLOGY: Middle English, from Old French violete, diminutive of viole, from Latin viola. —Violet, The American Heritage Dictionary

1. Any of a group of colors with a hue between that of violet and red. 2. Cloth of a color between violet and red, formerly worn as a symbol of royalty or high office. 3. Imperial power; high rank: born to the purple. 4. Roman Catholic Church a. The rank or office of a cardinal. b. The rank or office of a bishop. ETYMOLOGY: Middle English, from Old English purpul, from purpure, purple garment, from Latin purpura, shellfish yielding purple dye, purple cloth, purple, from Greek porphura. —Purple, The American Heritage Dictionary

A moderate grayish violet to moderate reddish purple. ETYMOLOGY: French, from Old French mallow, from Latin malva. See mallow. —Mauve, The American Heritage Dictionary

1. Any of various plants of the genus Malva, having pink or white axillary flowers, palmate leaves, and disklike schizocarpic fruits. 2. Any of various related plants, such as the rose mallow. ETYMOLOGY: Middle English malwe, from Old English mealwe and from Old French malve, both from Latin malva, probably of Semitic origin. See mlh (Common Semitic noun milh, salt) in Appendix II. —Mallow, The American Heritage Dictionary

1a. Any of various shrubs or herbs of the genus Indigofera in the pea family, having odd-pinnate leaves and usually red or purple flowers in axillary racemes. b. A blue dye obtained from these plants or produced synthetically. 2. Any of several related plants, especially those of the genera Amorpha or Baptisia. 3. The hue of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between blue and violet, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 420 to 450 nanometers; a dark blue to grayish purple blue. ETYMOLOGY: Spanish índigo and Dutch indigo (from Portuguese endego), both from Latin indicum, from Greek Indikon (pharmakon), Indian (dye), neuter of Indikos, of India, from India, India, from Indos, the Indus River, from Old Persian Hindus, Sind. See Hindi. —Indigo, The American Heritage Dictionary

Purple is any of a group of colors intermediate between blue and red. On a chromaticity diagram, the straight line connecting the extreme spectral colors (red and violet) is known as the line of purples (or purple boundary); it represents one limit of human color perception. The color magenta used in the CMYK printing process is on the line of purples, but most people associate the term "purple" with a somewhat bluer shade. —Purple, Wikipedia

Newton should be credited with the first model of perceptual color space, essentially a color wheel with white in the center. This type of two dimensional slice through a color opponent space has persisted in most formulations of perceptual color representation to this day. —Newton

In making the spectrum line into a color wheel there must be a location in the circle where the two ends of the line join: it falls between violet and red, and that color is called purple. Could it be that the One joins the split ends so that purple is made of the two colors at once? A sketch I drew surprised me by looking like the Greek letter Alpha. I soon found out that Omega also makes a good design. The color circle is more like a flask than a circle because it has an opening at the top. Could purple symbolize the origin and total of colors if it is embraces more than one color? —Purplexity, David Kidd

Alchemists tying to make gold always put lead in their concoction to give it the same great density that gold has. The elements lead and gold are in fact very close on the modern scientist's table of elements although distant at the scrap dealers. So the early scientists were aware that the opposite ends of any aspect of existence are similar in a strange manner. Indeed, the idea for a circle of colors is first seen in Alchemical illustrations of Ouroboros, the self-consuming dragon. This dragon was drawn in a circle around the tangible world, eating its own tail, representing how the beginning consumes the end. We should paint a dragon with a magenta-head, a red neck, orange shoulders, a chest of yellow, belly green, pelvis of cyan, hind legs blue and tail violet. —Purplexity, David Kidd

Honeybees, bumblebees, and many diurnal butterflies have true color vision. They have three visual pigments (Figure 3) with absorption maxima at 360 nm (ultraviolet), 440 nm (blue-violet), and 588 nm (yellow). These trichromatic insects can perceive a complete spectrum of colors (within the range of their spectral sensitivity) and can also discriminate between single colors and mixtures of colors. A combination of UV and yellow (opposite ends of the insect's visual spectrum) would look "blue-green" to a bichromatic insect because both receptor types are stimulated. But that same color combination would be distinctive to a trichromatic insect because the "blue-violet" receptor is NOT stimulated. Behavioral studies confirm that bees perceive the UV-yellow combination as a unique "color". So what do you call a "color" that is a UV-yellow combination? It is the equivalent of "purple" in the human color scheme, so we call it "bee-purple" in the bee's color scheme. —Color Vision

When Newton attempted to reckon up the rays of light decomposed by the prism and ventured to assign the famous number seven, he was apparently influenced by some lurking disposition towards mysticism, If any unprejudiced person will fairly repeat the experiment, he must soon be convinced that the various coloured spaces which paint the spectrum slide into each other by indefinite shadings: he may name four or five principal colors, but the subordinate spaces are evidently so multiplied as to be incapable of enumeration. The same illustrious mathematician, we can hardly doubt, was betrayed by a passion for analogy, when he imagined that the primary colours are distributed over the spectrum after the proportion of the diatonic scale of music, since those intermediate spaces have really no precise defined limits. p. 59, Treatises on Various Subjects of Natural and Chemical Philosophy, John Leslie (source)

Through the band of violet that encircleth the Heavens passeth the globe of purple dark. It passeth and returneth not. It becometh enrapt in the blue. Three times the blue enfoldeth, and when the cycle is completed the purple fadeth and is merged into the rose, and the path again is traversed.Three the great colors in the cycle that counteth as the fourth, violet, blue and rose, with the basic purple in revolution.Four are the colors secondary in the cycle of discrimination in which the revolution taketh place. It is circled to the midmost point and somewhat passed. Yellow the band that cometh, orange the cloud that hideth, and green for vivification. Yet the time is not yet. Many the circling fires; many the revolving rounds, but only when the complementary colors recognize their source, and the whole adjusteth itself to the seven will be seen completion. Then will be seen each color in adjustment right, and the cessation of revolution. —Stanzas of Dzyan (Stanza XIII), A Treatise on Cosmic Fire, Alice Bailey & Djwhal Khul

In addition to colors which represent wavelengths that we could see in the spectrum of light (perhaps from a prism), we traditionally include the gray tones from black to white, the pastels, the tints and shades as colors. While violet is both a color and a portion of the light spectrum, purple is only a color. The sensation of purple arises from a mixture of blue and red colors that cannot be transmitted as a single wavelength of light. Color and light are intricately interwoven but they are not the same things. —Eyeball Astronomy

There are actually several aspects of purple that require both physics and neuroscience to explain, depending upon in which end of the purple spectrum you are interested. As the common mnemonic for the colors of the rainbow, ROYGBIV, suggests, after Blue come Indigo and Violet, such that if Blue is set at a wavelength around 480 nm, then Indigo and Violet would be about 440 nm and 390 nm, respectively. So if violet (390 nm) and red (650 nm) mark the outer boundaries of the visible spectrum, then where are the "intermediate" colors like magenta? Well, they don't exist - at least not as discreet wavelengths of light! —How can purple exist?

Visual purple is the chemical substance within the rods of the eye's retina which facilitates sight in relative darkness. Visual purple enables the dark-adapted eye. The cones of the retina, active in bright light's vision, seem akin to the verbal and rational left brain. They perceive detail, color and contrast --- specifics --- being somewhat like our own psychological primary processes. Visual purple and the rods of the retina seem akin to the nonverbal, irrational right brain, and to our lesser known psychological secondary processes. —What is Visual Purple and the Dark-Adapted Eye?

Hue specifies the dominant wavelength of the color, except in the range between red and indigo (somewhere between 240 and 360 degrees) where the Hue denotes a position along the line of pure purples. —HSV color space, Wikipedia

The sensation of purple cannot be produced by a single wavelength: to produce purple requires a mixture of shortwave and longwave light. The line of purples on a chromaticity diagram joins extreme blue to extreme red. All colours are contained in the area in (x, y) bounded by the line of purples and the spectral locus. —#14, Color FAQ, Charles Poynton

However if the intermediary colors are added to make twelve colors, then it can also be easily divided into quarters. For example our ancestors saw human health and temperaments as colors. They saw four types of personalities that I see as being these colors. —Color Wheels, David Kidd

The circular dance in honour of the sun was derived from the East. Lucian says "it consisted of a dance imitating this god" (the sun). The priests of Baal indulged in it. A Druid song has this account--"Ruddy was the sea-beach while the circular revolution was performed by the attendants, and the white bands in graceful extravagance." —Sun Worship, Irish Druids And Old Irish Religions, James Bonwick

Children with Hyacinth’s temperament don’t know better as they grow older; they merely know more. —Hyacinth, The Toys of Peace, H.H. (Hector Hugh) Munro] Saki, The Columbia World of Quotations

"You gave me hyacinths first a year ago; They called me the hyacinth girl." —Yet when we came back, late, from the Hyacinth garden, Your arms full, and your hair wet, I could not speak, and my eyes failed, I was neither living nor dead, and I knew nothing, looking into the heart of light, the silence. —The Waste Land (The Burial of the Dead), T.S. Eliot

Jacinth. Properly a flower of a reddish blue or deep purple (hyacinth), and hence a precious stone of that colour # Re 21:20 It has been supposed to designate the same stone as the ligure (Heb. leshem) mentioned in # Ex 28:19 as the first stone of the third row in the high priest’s breast-plate. In # Re 9:17 the word is simply descriptive of colour. —Easton's Bible Dictionary

Jacinth. Middle English jacinte, from Old French jacinteor from Medieval Latin jacintus, both from Latin hyacinthus. See hyacinth. —Jacinth, The American Heritage Dictionary

Among the mystic divines, is a total suspension, or ligature of the intellectual faculties, in virtue whereof the soul remains of itself, and, as to its own power, impotent with regard to the producing of any effects. The passive state, according to Fenelon, is only passive in the same sense as contemplation; i.e. it does not exclude peaceable disinterested acts, but only unquiet ones, or such as tend to our own interest. In the passive state the soul has not properly any activity, any sensation of its own. It is a mere inflexibility of the soul, to which the feeblest impulse of grace gives motion. See MYSTIC. —Passive Prayer, Buck's Theological Dictionary

A word translated in the A. V. by "badger." Tahash-skins were used in making the outer covering of the tent of meeting (Ex. xxvi. 14), and covers for various utensils used in the Tabernacle: for the Ark of the Covenant (Num. iv. 6), the showbread table (ib. iv. 8), the candelabrum (ib. iv. 10), the golden altar (ib. iv. 11), and the altar (ib. iv. 14). They were used also in the making of sandals (Ezek. xvi. 10). The Targum on Ex. xxv. 5 translates "tahash" by "brilliant"; the Septuagint reads ... "hyacinth-colored"; the Vulgate, similarly. Rashi and Ibn Ezra take it as the name of an animal, but make no attempt at identification (commentary ad loc.). Modern commentators disagree. It has been suggested that it means the dolphin, or some animal like it. —TAHASH, Gerson B. Levi, Jewish Encyclopedia

"I sprang upon the ship in the form of a dolphin, pray to me as Apollo Delphinius; also the altar itself shall be called Delphinius ..." [Apollo to the Cretan sailors. Homeric Hymn to Pythian Apollo 493] —Apollo, Greek Mythology Link

Dividing the twelve stones into four rows of three each, Exodus (xxviii. 17-20) enumerates them thus ... (7) "ligurius"; A. V. "ligure"; R. V. "jacinth," margin "amber" ... As these various renderings show, tradition emphasizes the ignorance concerning the true value of the Hebrew word. The only fact made prominent is that the stone was brilliant and of an intense luster. Hence the Midrash makes it of the white tin-like color of antimony; Yer. ii. merely calls it "shiny" ... Based on Pliny'sdescription of the ligure (l.c. viii. 57, xxxvii. 11-13), it has been identified with the amber, while the fact that in the apocalyptic enumeration (Rev. xxi.) the hyacinth appears in its stead has suggested the rendering "jacinth." The only conclusion warranted is that the "leshem" was a lustrous gold-colored stone. It is the stone of Dan —GEM, Emil G. Hirsch, Jewish Encyclopedia

Ligure (Heb. leshem) occurs only in # Ex 28:19 39:12 as the name of a stone in the third row on the high priest’s breastplate. Some have supposed that this stone was the same as the jacinth (q.v.), others that it was the opal. There is now no mineral bearing this name. The "ligurite" is so named from Liguria in Italy, where it was found. —Easton's Bible Dictionary

The Hebrew word hashmal, rendered "amber" by the A. V., occurs only in Ezekiel (three times). Its meaning has puzzled commentators from Talmudic times to the present day. Hag. 13b gives the meaning as if it were a composite word, "beasts that utter fire." The Septuagint does not throw any light upon the subject, as its rendering, "elektron," is an ambiguous word, and may mean Amber or an alloy of silver and gold. Friedrich Delitzsch (in his notes to Baer and Delitzsch, text of Ezek. xii.) identifies "hashmal" with the Assyrian "eshmaru," which was a shining metallic alloy. The Assyrian home of this compound would explain why the word is peculiar to Ezekiel. If "Amber" is the correct rendering of Ezek. i. 4, 27, viii. 2, it refers to a bituminous substance found in various parts of the world in two different varieties; in the Baltic district it is of a yellow color, while in the south of Europe it is red. Neither variety, however, fits the requirements of the passages in Ezekiel, where something metallic and shining is intended. —AMBER, Gerson B. Levi, Jewish Encyclopedia

...the general acceptance of ligature was systematically opposed. Suchat least was the case with the text of the Holy Scripture, as is proven by testimony of Men. 29a ("Any letter not entirely surrounded by clear parchment on all four sides is unlawful"). This injunction has not been barren of effect; for, despite the various modifications through which the Hebrew Alphabet has passed, of all the Semitic systems of letters it has departed least from its fundamental form. Nothing alters the individuality of the letters so much as the use of ligature, because the little stroke which serves to unite the letters is often made too important a factor, so that the letter sometimes is merged entirely in it ... But the mandate against the use of the ligature in connection with the writing of the sacred texts was powerful enough to influence the development of this system of writing also; for the ligature occurs comparatively seldom even in the cursive script. Thus a most potent factor in the transformation of the alphabet was held in restraint. —The Hebrew Alphabet, Mark Lidzbarsky

Every Hebrew letter has two axes on which we place diacritics: the superior and the inferior one: (the last glyph of this list is not a letter but the aleph-lamed ligature). On this figure we also see the so-called "forbidden zones", where no diacritic can be placed. —Typesetting and desktop publishing of Hebrew

IL a spirit identified with the 49th square ... on the "The Table Of The Seven Names Of God That Not Even The Angels Know"; This is synonymous with the ligature E + L vide "+++EL++++" located within the primary (topmost) side of the innermost heptagon on the Sigillvm Dei AEmeth: "A Son of a Son Of Light." —Appendix V, The Center for Enochian Studies

Gematria. 600 = Wonders, or hidden wisdom PLIAVTh ChKMH; A tail, train, fringe [of a garment] TzITzITh; A knot, ligature QShR; Red ShRQ; Six; white marble ShSh; Samekh: a prop, support SMK; A veil, covering, screen MSK. 606 = Let them bring forth IShRTzV; Essentiality, quintessence OTzMVTh; Nexus, ligature QShVR; A turtle-dove ThVR.

655 WARMTH [25° Cancer] AHMANITE I (Word Theme): Warmth, heat, kerosene. To inspire, to fire up, to heat up. To remit, to divert, to rent, to be sadistic. AHMANITE II (Zodiacal): 25° Cancer - Aries FIERY LIGHT. Parsifal, ABRAXAS, fire, nuclear, pyre, warmth, kerosene, pyrometry, rapid, remedial, ripe, candlestick, inspire. Freud, menfold, prey, exploit, Sephir Yetzirah, weight lifting. Africa, moonlike, orchid, canopy. Granule, diversion, irregular, messy, sadism, sadist, stardom. AHMANITE III(# Multiples): The attack of the accuser seeking to EXPLOIT the innocent thru a false WARMTH unto SADISM. English Words: J.J. HURTAK, ALACRITY, APPLICANT, ARCTAN, DAMASCUS, DIVERSION, EXPLOIT, FENTON, HONORARIUM, HILBERT, INSPIRE, IRREGULAR, KEROSENE, LIGATURE, LUCRETIA, LINOTYPE, MESSY, MCGRATH, MERIT, MITRE, NESS, PROSE, RENT, REMIT, SADISM, SLAVISH, SPORE, TERN, WARMTH, VERTICAL, YONKERS. Hebrew Words: SPR ITzIRH Sephir Yetzirah; HQDVSh BRVK HVA The Holy One, blessed be He; HIKL OTzM ShMIM Palace of the body of heaven. —English Word Values, Order of Nazorean Essenes, Abba Yesai Nasrai

There are certain large groups of devas, called "the devas of the shadows," or the violet devas, who are closely allied with the evolutionary development of man's etheric body, and who transmit to him solar and planetary radiation. The etheric body of man receives prana in different ways and of different kinds, and all these ways bring him into touch with varying entities. —The Nature of Prana, A Treatise on Cosmic Fire, Alice Bailey & Djwhal Khul

RULE XIII: The magician must recognize the four; note in his work the shade of violet which they evidence, and thus construct the shadow. When this is so, the shadow clothes itself, and the four become the seven. This means literally that the magician must be in a position to discriminate between the different ethers, and to note the special hue of the different levels, thereby ensuring a balanced building of the "shadow." He "recognizes" them in the occult sense; that is, he knows their note and key, and is aware of the particular type of energy they embody. Enough emphasis has not been laid upon the fact that the three higher levels of the etheric planes are in vibratory communication with the three higher planes of the cosmic physical plane, and they (with their ensphering fourth level) have been called in the occult books "the inverted Tetraktys." It is this knowledge which puts the magician in possession of the three types of planetary force and their combination, or the fourth type, and thus releases for him that vital energy which will drive this idea into objectivity. As the different types of forces meet and coalesce, a dim shadowy form clothes itself upon the vibrating astral and mental sheath, and the idea of the solar Angel is attaining definite concretion. —Fifteen Rules for Magic, A Treatise on Cosmic Fire, Alice Bailey & Djwhal Khul

The beams of Chesed and Geburah meet in Yesod and thence ariseth in Yesod a brilliant deep violet-purple or puce, and thus is the third Triad completed. The sphere of its operation is that of Levanah, the Lunar beam, bestowing change, increase and decrease upon created things and it ruleth the Sphere of Action of the Moon and the nature of mankind. Shaddai is a God who sheddeth benefits, Omnipotent and Satisfying, and Al Chai is the God of Life, the Living One. Its Archangel is Gabriel the Prince of Change and Alteration. The name of the Order of Angels is Kerubim or Kerubic ones who are also called the Order of Angels.

The classic example of this mythological genre is that of Scylla, who secures the death of her father Nisus by stealing the purple lock of hair upon which his life and kingdom depended. As various scholars have recognized, the myth of Scylla represents a variation upon the widespread theme of the external soul. A similar deed is elsewhere attributed to one Camaetho, who is said to have brought about the demise of Pterelaus by stealing the golden lock of hair wherein resided his soul. Yet the name Comaetho, signifying "fiery-haired, is otherwise attested as an epithet of Aphrodite. —Aphrodite

LIBER AL I:61 I love you! I yearn to you! Pale or purple, veiled or voluptuous, I who am all pleasure and purple, and drunkenness of the innermost sense, desire you. Put on the wings, and arouse the coiled splendour within you: come unto me! Liber AL II:24 Behold! these be grave mysteries; for there are also of my friends who be hermits. Now think not to find them in the forest or on the mountain; but in beds of purple, caressed by magnificent beasts of women with large limbs, and fire and light in their eyes, and masses of flaming hair about them; there shall ye find them. Liber AL II:50, 51 Blue am I and gold in the light of my bride: but the red gleam is in my eyes; & my spangles are purple & green. Purple beyond purple: it is the light higher than eyesight.

Many of the flowers in which you now rejoice are passing out, the bluebell, the hyacinth and the olive for example; the sapphire will become scarce and the turquoise will lose its hue. Flowers of violet color, of lavender and of purple will come into favor. Behind all this lies a purpose profound. —Esoteric Psychology , Certain Questions and their Answers, Alice Bailey & Djwhal Khul

Then shall he kneel before the holy table, and it shall be given him to partake of the mystery of the Aethyr. And concerning the ink with which he shall write; for the first Aethyr let it be gold, for the second scarlet, for the third violet, for the fourth emerald, for the fifth silver, for the sixth sapphire, for the seventh orange, for the eighth indigo, for the ninth gray, for the tenth black, for the eleventh maroon, for the twelfth russet, for the thirteenth green-gray, for the fourteenth amber, for the fifteenth olive, for the sixteenth pale blue, for the seventeenth crimson, for the eighteenth bright yellow, for the nineteenth crimson adorned with silver, for the twentieth mauve, for the twenty-first pale green, for the twenty-second rose-madder, for the twenty-third violet cobalt, for the twenty-fourth beetle-brown, blue-brown colour, for the twenty-fifth a cold dark gray, for the twenty- sixth white flecked with red, blue, and yellow; the edges of the letters shall be green, for the twenty-seventh angry clouds of ruddy brown, for the twenty-eighth indigo, for the twenty-ninth bluish-green, for the thirtieth mixed colours. —The Cry of the 18th Aethyr (ZEN), The Vision and the Voice, Aleister Crowley

Another important aspect of Demeter was that of a divinity of the under-world ... At the festival Chthonia, a cow (representing, according to Mannhardt, the spirit of vegetation), which voluntarily presented itself, was sacrificed by three old women. Those joining in the procession wore garlands of hyacinth, which seems to attribute a chthonian character to the ceremony, although it may also have been connected with agriculture —Demeter, 1911 Edition Encyclopedia

HYACINTH, also called JACINTH ... in mineralogy, a variety of zircon (qv.) of yellowish red color, used as a gem-stone. The hyacinthus of ancient writers must have been our sapphire, or blue corundum, while the hyacinth of modern mineralogists may have been the stone known as lyncurium —Hyacinth, 1911 Edition Encyclopedia

Zirconium is a very strong, malleable, ductile, lustrous silver-gray metal. At ordinary temperatures it has a hexagonal close-packed crystalline structure. Its chemical and physical properties are similar to those of titanium, the element above it in group IVb of the periodic table. Zirconium is extremely resistant to heat and corrosion. It forms a number of compounds, among them zirconate (ZrO3-2) and zirconyl (ZrO+2) salts. The most important compound is the oxide zirconia (ZrO2), used extensively as a refractory material in furnaces and crucibles, in ceramic glazes, and, formerly, in gas mantles. It occurs in nature as the silicate (ZrSiO4) and is used as a gemstone; it may be clear or colored, and is usually called zircon or hyacinth. Zirconium compounds also have minor uses as catalysts, in the dye, textile, plastics, and paint industries, and in pharmaceuticals such as poison ivy lotions. The metal also has many other uses, among them in photographic flashbulbs and surgical instruments, in the removal of residual gases from electronic vacuum tubes, and as a hardening agent in alloys, especially steel. A major use of the metal is in nuclear reactors. It is employed in tubes for cladding uranium oxide fuel. It is well suited for this purpose because it is corrosion resistant and does not readily absorb thermal neutrons. It is specially purified to remove hafnium, which absorbs neutrons much more readily. It is usually alloyed with other metals to make it more corrosion resistant for these uses. —Zirconium, The Columbia Encyclopedia

The precise relation which Apollo bears to Hyacinthus is obscure. The fact that at Tarentum a Hyacinthus tomb is ascribed by Polybius to Apollo Hyacinthus (not Hyacinthius) has led some to think that the personalities are one, and that the hero is merely an emanation from the god; confirmation is sought in the Apolline appellation rerpb.~ap, alleged by Hesychius to have been used in Laconia, and assumed to describe a composite figure of Apollo-Hyacinthus. Against this theory is the essential difference between the two figures. Hyacinthus is a chthonian vegetation god whose worshippers are afflicted and sorrowful; Apollo, though interested in vegetation, is never regarded as inhabiting the lower world, his death is not celebrated in any ritual, his worship is joyous and triumphant, and finally the Amyclean Apollo is specifically the god of war and song. Moreover, Pausanias describes the monument at Amyclae as consisting of a rude figure of Apollo standing on an altar-shaped base which formed the tomb of Hyacinthus. Into the latter biferings were put for the hero before gifts were made to the god. On the whole it is probable that Hyacinthus belongs originally to the pre-Dorian period, and that his story was appropriated and woven into their own Apollo myth by the conquering Dorians. Possibly he may be the apotheosis of a pre-Dorian king of Amyclae. 3. G. Frazer further suggests that he may have been regarded as spending the winter months in the underworld and returning to earth in the spring when the hyacinth blooms. In this case his festival represents perhaps both the Dorian conquest of Amyclae and the death of spring before the ardent heat of the summer sun, typified as usual by the discus (quoit) with which Apollo is said to have slain him. With the growth of the hyacinth from his blood should be compared the oriental stories of violets springing from the blood of Attis, and roses and anemones from that of Adonis. As a youthful vegetation god, Hyacinthus may be compared with Linus and Scephrus, both of whom are connected with Apollo Agyieus. —Hyacinthus, 1911 Edition Encyclopedia [see also:A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities]

John Gill's Expositor mentions hyacinth in: Exodus 25:5, Numbers 15:38, Esther 1:6, Song of Solomon 5:14, Song of Solomon 7:5, Ezekiel 16:10, Zechariah 3:5, Acts 16:14, Acts 21:39, Revelation 9:17, Revelation 21:20

Ligure ~ (Heb. leshem) occurs only in # Ex 28:19 39:12 as the name of a stone in the third row on the high priest’s breastplate. Some have supposed that this stone was the same as the jacinth (q.v.), others that it was the opal. There is now no mineral bearing this name. The "ligurite" is so named from Liguria in Italy, where it was found. —Easton's Bible Dictionary

The Officiating Priests: The priests mediated between God and man by offering sacrifices and by other services in the Temple. The chief representative among them was the high priest, who wore eight vestments, twice as many as the others, these garments being symbols of holiness and sanctification from sin ... The vestments of the high priest were interpreted in three ways. The explanation of Philo is as follows ("Vita Mosis," iii. 209): His upper garment was the symbol of the ether, while the blossoms represented the earth, the pomegranates typified running water, and the bells denoted the music of the water. The ephod corresponded to heaven, and the stones on both shoulders to the two hemispheres, one above and the other below the earth. The six names on each of the stones were the six signs of the zodiac, which were denoted also by the twelve names on the breastplate. The miter was the sign of the crown which exalted the high priest above all earthly kings ... Josephus' explanation is this ("Ant." iii. 7, § 7): The coat was the symbol of the earth, the upper garment emblemized heaven, while the bells and pomegranates represented thunder and lightning. The ephod typified the four elements, and the interwoven gold denoted the glory of God. The breastplate was in the center of the ephod, as the earth formed the center of the universe; the girdle symbolized the ocean, the stones on the shoulders the sun and moon, and the jewels in the breastplate the twelve signs of the zodiac, while the miter was a token of heaven ... Metals and Colors: "Tekelet" represented heaven ... the symbol of the dwelling-place of Yhwh, and thus as corresponding to the color of the divine revelation ... "Argaman" was the symbol of sublimity, of power, and of glory ... especially used to designate royal dignity —SYBMOL, Jewish Encyclopedia

Mention is made in the Old Testament of two kinds of purple, or purple dye: (1) "argaman" (Aramaic, "argevan"), probably the bright-red purple, which was costliest when it had the color of coagulated blood, and appeared black when viewed directly, but lustrous red when viewed obliquely; (2) "tekelet", which, according to Philo and Josephus, resembled the color of the sea, the air, or the clear sky, and was, therefore, termed also blue. In instances it was black or dark-colored. It is now possible to ascertain from what source the ancients obtained their purple dye. There are remains of the old workshops for making purple at Tarentum, in the Morea, and especially at Tyre. These consist of concrete hill-shaped masses of spiral-like shells. An examination of these heaps has up to the present revealed only two kinds of murex, found on the Mediterranean coast, Murex brandaris and Murex trunculus; the former at Tarentum and in the Morea, and the latter at Tyre ... The pigment is secreted by a gland in the lining of the stomach. The juice is at first whitish, but changes on exposure to the atmosphere, and becomes successively yellowish and greenish, and atlast either reddish (in the species Murex brandaris and Purpura hœmastoma) or violet (in Murex trunculus). The moliusks were found on the Phenician coast, on the Palestinian shores, farther south (as at Dor), on the coast of Caria in Asia Minor, on the Laconian coast of Greece, on the shores of the strait of Euripus, and on the North-African coast. It is remarkable that in the Old Testament mention is made of purple imported into Tyre, but not of that made in Phenicia itself, although the Phenicians were regarded by the ancients as the discoverers of purple-dyeing, and the manufacture of purple was known to them in very early times ... Both kinds of purple were used for the carpets and curtains of the tabernacle, and for the high priest's gala dress, as also for the curtain of the Holy of Holies in the Temple. Bluish purple was used more extensively for sacred purposes than reddish. Blue material was used for the entire outer garment of the high priest as well as for the covers put over the sacred chattels in transportation. Red was used only in the cloth of the altar of burnt offerings. The loops holding the curtains of byssus in the tabernacle (Ex. xxxvi. 11), the "lace" fastening the high priest's breast-plate and miter (ib. xxviii. 28, 31, 37, 39), and the threads of the tassels on every Israelite's outer garment had to be made of bluish purple. —Purple, Jewish Encyclopedia, Emil G. Hirsch & Wilhelm Nowack

'Phoenicia' and 'Phoenician' are somewhat artificial terms which were applied by the classical authors to the city-states of the narrow coastal strip that corresponds roughly to northern Lebanon, and the inhabitants who occupied them, from c.1200 BC onwards....Their chief cities were Tyre, Sidon and Byblos. The Greek word from which 'Phoenicia' derived meant 'purple', and was a translation of the name 'Canaan' which may have had some etymological connection with the purple dye produced from local murex shellfish for which the region was famous. —The Ancient Phoenicians, (The Archaeology of the Bible Lands, Magnus Magnusson)

While we were admiring this incomparable lamp and the stupendous structure of the temple, the venerable priestess Bacbuc and her attendants came to us with jolly smiling looks, and seeing us duly accoutred, without the least difficulty took us into the middle of the temple, where, just under the aforesaid lamp, was the fine fantastic fountain. She then ordered some cups, goblets, and talboys of gold, silver, and crystal to be brought, and kindly invited us to drink of the liquor that sprung there, which we readily did; for, to say the truth, this fantastic fountain was very inviting, and its materials and workmanship more precious, rare, and admirable than anything Plato ever dreamt of in limbo. Its basis or groundwork was of most pure and limpid alabaster, and its height somewhat more than three spans, being a regular heptagon on the outside, with its stylobates or footsteps, arulets, cymasults or blunt tops, and Doric undulations about it. It was exactly round within. On the middle point of each angle brink stood a pillar orbiculated in form of ivory or alabaster solid rings. These were seven in number, according to the number of the angles ... The first pillar, I mean that which faced the temple gate, was of azure, sky-coloured sapphire. The second, of hyacinth, a precious stone exactly of the colour of the flower into which Ajax's choleric blood was transformed; the Greek letters A I being seen on it in many places. The third, an anachite diamond, as bright and glittering as lightning. The fourth, a masculine ruby balas (peach-coloured) amethystizing, its flame and lustre ending in violet or purple like an amethyst. The fifth, an emerald, above five hundred and fifty times more precious than that of Serapis in the labyrinth of the Egyptians, and more verdant and shining than those that were fixed, instead of eyes, in the marble lion's head near King Hermias's tomb. The sixth, of agate, more admirable and various in the distinctions of its veins, clouds, and colours than that which Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, so mightily esteemed. The seventh, of syenites, transparent, of the colour of a beryl and the clear hue of Hymetian honey; and within it the moon was seen, such as we see it in the sky, silent, full, new, and in the wane. —Gargantua and Pantagruel (How the Priestess Bacbuc showed us a fantastic fountain in the temple, and how the fountain-water had the taste of wine, according to the imagination of those who drank of it), Francis Rabelais

{The Color Tree} {Causes of Color} {Color Vision & Art} {Light, Prisms, and the Rainbow Connection}

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