northanger (northanger) wrote,


John Gill's Expositor: Exodus 14 (see: Exodus 14:19-22)


And Strabo relates a very wonderful thing, and such as rarely happens, that on the shore between Tyre and Ptolemais, when they of Ptolemais had a battle with the Emperor Sarpedon at that place, and there being put to flight, a flow of the sea like an inundation covered those that fled, and some were carried into the sea and perished, and others were left dead in hollow places; after a reflux followed, and discovered and showed the bodies of those that lay among the dead fishes. Now learned men have observed, that what is here said of the sea of Tyre is to be understood of the Red sea, and that Sarpedon is not a proper name, but the same with Nwdp rv, "Sarphadon", the prince of deliverance, or of the delivered, as Moses was. (note: seraphim in hebrew is prv ~ serpent, fiery serpent; poisonous serpent (fiery from burning effect of poison); seraph, seraphim; majestic beings with 6 wings).

this section also mentions the Ichthyophagi: the testimony of Diodorus Siculus, who reports {g} that it is a tradition among the Ichthyophagi, who inhabit near the Red sea, or Arabic gulf, which they have received from the report of their ancestors, and is still preserved with them, that upon a great recess of the sea, every place of the gulf became dry, the sea falling to the opposite parts, the bottom appeared green, and returning back with a mighty force, was restored to its place again; which can have reference to nothing else but to this transaction in the time of Moses. {Icthyophidia. Various hyperstitional fish-monsters, sea-serpents, and palaeopythons, targetted by deep-regressive libidinal tropisms due to their mutability, submergence, and horizontal flexomotile spines.}

3670. Sarpedon, general of Demetrius' forces was defeated by Tryphon's army to whom the inhabitants of Ptolemais were allied. He retired with his soldiers into the Mediterranean country. As the victorious forces of Tryphon were marching along the sea coast between Ptolemais and Tyre, they were suddenly hit by a giant wave from the sea which rose to an incredible height and rushed with a great force upon the land. Many drowned. Some were pulled out to sea by the retreating wave and others were left dead in hollow places. The retreating wave left a great number of fish with the dead bodies. When Sarpedon's soldiers heard of this disaster, they quickly returned there and were very pleased to see the destruction of the enemy. They gathered up very many of the fishes and sacrificed them to Neptune, the deliverer before the gates of Ptolemais where the battle was fought. (Strabo, l. 16. p. 758. & Athenaus, l. 8. c. 2. from the History of Possidonius, the Stoick.) {broken link}

So she (Europa) crossed the briny water from afar to Crete, beguiled by the wiles of Zeus. Secretly did the Father snatch her away and gave her a gift, the golden necklace, the toy which Hephaestus the famed craftsman once made by his cunning skill and brought and gave it to his father for a possession. And Zeus received the gift, and gave it in turn to the daughter of proud Phoenix. But when the Father of men and of gods had mated so far off with trim-ankled Europa, then he departed back again from the rich-haired girl. So she bare sons to the almighty Son of Cronos, glorious leaders of wealthy men -- Minos the ruler, and just Rhadamanthys and noble Sarpedon the blameless and strong. To these did wise Zeus give each a share of his honour. Verily Sarpedon reigned mightily over wide Lycia and ruled very many cities filled with people, wielding the sceptre of Zeus: and great honour followed him, which his father gave him, the great-hearted shepherd of the people. For wise Zeus ordained that he should live for three generations of mortal men and not waste away with old age. He sent him to Troy; and Sarpedon gathered a great host, men chosen out of Lycia to be allies to the Trojans. These men did Sarpedon lead, skilled in bitter war. And Zeus, whose wisdom is everlasting, sent him forth from heaven a star, showing tokens for the return of his dear son.... ....for well he (Sarpedon) knew in his heart that the sign was indeed from Zeus. Very greatly did he excel in war together with man-slaying Hector and brake down the wall, bringing woes upon the Danaans. But so soon as Patroclus had inspired the Argives with hard courage....' {Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns and Homerica}

This figure shows a plan view of Jupiter with its leading (L4) and trailing (L5) Trojan clouds. These Trojan clouds are made up of small bodies with Diameters < 300 km. The gravitational attraction from the Sun and Jupiter are balanced near these areas (called Lagrangian points) and allows the objects to have orbits which are stable over the age of the Solar System. The Trojan clouds have about as many objects in total as the asteroid belt which is located between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. The dashed circle around Jupiter shows its Hill sphere, or the area where Jupiter's gravity dominates that of the Sun. This Hill sphere is the region in which all of Jupiter's satellites are found. Jupiter's orbit is shown for reference as a solid line. {The Jovian Trojan Page }

There exist two groups of Asteroids far away from main Asteroid belt and located in the orbital line of the planet Jupiter. As most of the Asteroids of these two groups are named after heroes of legendary TROJAN WAR, these groups are called TROJAN GROUPS of Asteroids. In these two groups, one is called ACHILLES Group (AG) and another is called PATROCLUS Group (PG). AG located in FRONT side of Jupiter at 60° and PG located at 60° behind Jupiter. Both groups are located at equal distance from Jupiter that is at distance of 778.35 Million Kilometer and distance between the Sun and these groups is also same i.e.,778.35. This is TRIANGULAR SYSTEM of the Sun, Jupiter and Asteroids Groups. These two groups AG and PG revolve around the Sun at Velocity of 13.1 Kilometer per Second, which is equal to Jupiter’s Velocity. {Decoding Mystery of Trojan Asteroids}

Jupiter Trojans. The first Trojan asteroid, #588 Achilles, was discovered by Max Wolf in 1906 and #617 Patroclus, the only known binary Trojan asteroid, discovered later that year (but, see The Earliest Observation of a Trojan for an earlier discovery by Edward Emerson Barnard of OVa changed to A904 RD in the modern system). It was noted by Carl Charlier that Achilles proceeded Jupiter by 55° and Patroclus followed Jupiter by 57°. Joseph Louis Lagrange discovered the Lagrangian Points while attempting to solve the three-body problem (basically, it describes how celestial objects avoid bumping into each other). Interestingly, Trojan names are from the Iliad—however, Patroclus, a Greek, was placed behind enemy lines before the Trojan asteroid naming convention was established. It was decided to place a Trojan "spy" with the Greeks: Hector (one of the largest Trojans). Sarpedon was a Trojan warrior killed by the Greek "spy" Patroclus. See some interesting animations @ Asteroid (and Comet) Groups.

Keywords: Anatomy, Catastrophe, Death and Dying, Empathy, Euthanasia, Father-Son Relationship, Mourning, Pain, Suffering, Trauma, War and Medicine :: This early Greek painting depicts an episode from Homer's Iliad where Sarpedon, a hero of the Trojan War, is killed by the spear of Patroklos, an enemy warrior. Zeus watches as his son "dies raging" (Iliad, transl. Richmond Lattimore, book 16, line 491). Two winged figures who represent Sleep and Death gently lift the still-bleeding Sarpedon off the battlefield. Standing stoically behind Sleep and Death, are Laodamas and Hippolochos, two Trojan warriors who were killed in battle prior to Sarpedon. Euphronios, one of the first to work in the red-figure method, uses his simple but skillful technique to draw the hero's body at the moment it succumbs to death. Especially vivid are the three open wounds on Sarpedon's body from which blood spills to the ground. Sarpedon's eyes are closed, his limp hands drag along the ground. Zeus, powerless to prevent his son's suffering and death, sends the god Hermes to attend to his son's burial. Hermes, in turn, summons the caretakers Sleep and Death to transport Sarpedon to his grave. Euphronios's depiction of Sarpedon's death is an early portrait of the barbarity of war and the needless death that is its legacy. Euphronios's painting of Sarpedon's naked body, using very fine brushstrokes, delivers a visceral portrayal of a violent and sudden death. The carefully drawn figures poetically convey the finality of death and the sadness that is left behind. This image can also be interpreted as a representation of euthanasia and its presence in early Greek society. According to Homer's Iliad, Zeus directs Hermes to call both Sleep and Death to the scene of battle where Sarpedon, having been wounded, "clawed with his hands at the bloody dust" (Iliad, transl. Richmond Lattimore, Book 16, line 486). Interestingly, Zeus asks for Sleep's assistance at the same time as he calls upon Thanatos, the god of Death. Contrast with Kollwitz's personification, Death Giving Comfort, and with Blake's The Body of Abel Found by Adam and Eve (both annotated in this database). Location of Original Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City {Euphronios, Death of Sarpedon}

The Blue Triangle Butterflies have wings which are black to dark brown in colour with large blue area in the middle. Those blue patterns joint to make a triangle and this comes their common name. The underside pattern of the wings are similar except there are the red spots on the hind wings bottom. {Blue Triangle Butterfly - Graphium sarpedon}

SARPEDON, in Greek legend, son of Zeus and Laodameia, Lycian prince and hero of the Trojan war. He fought on the side of the Trojans, and after greatly distinguishing himself by his bravery, was slain by Patroclus. A terrible stniggle took place for the possession of his body, until Apollo rescued it from the Greeks, and by the command of Zeus washed and cleansed it, anointed it with ambrosia, and handed it over to Sleep and Death, by whom it was conveyed for burial to Lycia, where a sanctuary (Sarpedoneum) was erected in honor of the fallen hero. Virgil (A en. i. 100) knows nothing of the removal of the body to Lycia. In later tradition, Sarpedon was the son of Zeus and Europa and the brother of Minos. Having been expelled from Crete by the latter, he and his comrades sailed for Asia, where he finally became king of Lycia. Euripides (Rhesus, 29) confuses the two Sarpedons. {Sarpedon}

Trojan asteroid: Sarpedon

Tags: achilles group, jupiter, jupiter trojans, patroclus group, sarpedon

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