Dane Rudhyar: His Music, Thought, and Art
The essential principles of Rudhyar's thought were already intact by 1927. In an article he claimed that dissonant music presented a different type of harmony, based on the "harmonizing of differences through interpenetration" of complementary diversities. Back in 1915, he had read a translation of Poe's metaphysical essay (prose poem), "Eureka
," which, he later described, "postulates two great Forces of opposite polarity, electricity and magnetism, not unlike the yin
of Chinese philosophy." Rudhyar argued that electricity, like the interval of the fifth symbolizing "the will to self-exteriorization," implied expansion, as opposed to magnetism, which, like the interval of the fourth, suggests contraction. The duality of electricity and magnetism and their relatedness lead to electromagnetism, which, for Rudhyar, is a primordial magnetic field. It obeys its inherent equation of motion and time — as in the complementary opposites of the yin and yang, which in Chinese philosophy, operate simultaneously, "but in ever-changing ratios of proportional intensity." Electricity and magnetism, too, are aspects of the same thing — of one
field — since a changing electric field cannot exist without magnetism, all of which result in a spectrum of fluctuations. In 1927, Rudhyar wrote about electric power in his unfinished book-length manuscript, "World-Music," [+][+][+][+]
drawing an analogy between electric power and creative power through their duality: "Dualism means creative power. The electric spark is produced as the unity of the electric flow is sundered into two polarities." By the "unity of the electric flow," Rudhyar refers to the state of neutrality (before its warping) within an electric field. This observation may also be a reference to the notion of neutral stability (the static, nonelectrical state) within the atomic nucleus — as emerged through Niels Bohr's theory. These were crucial and exciting years for the evolution of quantum mechanics. After the electron had been discovered a few decades earlier in 1897, it was during the 1920s that Bohr was working on atomic structure and radiation, which won him the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Another interesting connection regarding electricity concerns the word "rudhyar" in Sanskrit, which implied electrical power released during storms. In these analogies, it is the principle of unity that is close to a cyclic character, since it define the "boundaries for the fields of activity… microcosms or macrocosms, in which the principle of Multiplicity produces ever more differentiation and expansion. In her dance theory of "Eutonics," the definition of "action" by Rudhyar's second wife, Eya Fechin Rudhyar (dancer, the daughter of the Russian-American painter Nicolai Fechin, and an early advocate of psycho-drama) echoes his conception as well as musical gestures as follows: "'Action' is the constant interplay between the horizontal and the vertical; every walk that leads you forward is a fall and recovery."
Morang commented that "[o]ne of the most dominant colors in the paintings of Rudhyar is green… It strikes a half-way note between life and death." It is possible to view this color symbolically here, as a kind of "bridge" between polar states. Evoking renewal, growth, life, generation, and nature, it is as though the color green mediates (consciousness) between life, energy, death, and the unknown [XIX. The Sun]
. Rudhyar's Antiphony
of 1949 exhibits an effective employment of color and a balance between freedom and control. A sense of harmony is developed further through the interplay of blue, red, green, white, and black. Rhythmically, the meeting of swirls and curves with straight lines and sharp edges enhance the sense of spontaneous activity and polarization. Mainly in the shades of red and green, warm colors contrast cooler ones. As the title "antiphony" suggests, there is an element of alternation here: control vs. freedom, curves vs. straight lines, warm colors vs. cool colors.
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8-9° Taurus - A Fully Decorated Christmas Tree
KEYNOTE: The ability to create inner happiness in dark hours. In northern or mountainous countries where the Christmas tree symbol took form, we find a contrast between the tree outside - bare and normally covered with snow - and the tree inside the home - loaded with decorations and gifts for the family. If we follow up the meaning of the preceding symbol, we see that snow has come outside; but the prepared and closely united group has created abundance, beauty and happiness within, overcoming the cold barrenness of the outside world — just as man had overcome, in a previous symbol (Phase 35), the natural obstacle to his progress. The Christ symbol is also included in the background — that is, the vivid faith in a transformed future. This fourth stage symbol suggests the ever-present possibility open to man to transfigure the darkness and deprivation of the low point of a life cycle by incarnating in it an antiphonic
response celebrating the ever remembered and always expected high moments of life. It evokes man's undying FAITH IN CYCLIC RENEWAL.
19-20° Taurus - Wisps Of Winglike Clouds Streaming Across The Sky
- (54) Alexandra, named for Alexander von Humboldt, see Alexander Scriabin [+] & Alexander Ruperti [+][+] • (967) Helionape, (Sonne = helio, Tal = nape; Helios, personification of the Sun, brother of (221) Eos & (580) Selene; (895) Helio), Greek for Adolf Sonnenthal • (748) Simeisa, named for Simeïs Observatory, Crimea, Ukraine, the discovery site [+][+][+][+] • (878) Mildred, Harlow Shapley's [+] daughter; among other things, Shapley stated, "Civilization [endangered by strong physics and weak sociology] needs friends and planning and thoughtful action or it will recede from under those animals it has helped make glorious, leaving their cultures wrecked, perhaps even leaving the species headed for savagery, weakness and the fossil-loving rocks. I think the most potent of all the human germicides is a combination of lunacy and war techniques. When one of our inevitable super-geniuses of the future discovers some new mankind-annihilating device, and this genius is insane, perhaps undetectably insane, he will willingly perish as he murders the rest. There will be no survivors. The job is done. In the order of deadliness I list the instruments of human destruction as follows: 1—pandemic super-plague. 2—world warfare with super-gas, disease and atomic equipment. 3—boredom arising through standardization, or through discovering in a prolonged world culture the answers to all questions. 4—Dope that kills the desire or ability to produce. 5—And, most potent, the genius-maniac. There is defense. The control of the genius who might take the species to the grave with him is all too easy. All you need to do is to kill off, while young, all primates that show any evidence of promise of genius. Heroic measures, to be sure, but because of the tricks in that abominable cortex, it may be your only way to save the species for a hundred thousand years."
- Planet of the Apes: [+][+][+][+][+][+]
KEYNOTE: The awareness of spiritual forces at work. Any emergence of life potentialities from the depth of the vast Unconscious is answered by the spiritual activity of superconscious forces in a cosmic kind of antiphony
. The individual who has taken a new step in their evolution should look for the "Signature" of divine Powers confirming their progress. It may reveal the meaning of what is to come next. The "wing-like clouds" may also symbolize the presence of celestial beings (devas, angels) blessing and subtly revealing the direction to take, the direction of "the wind" of destiny. This is the fifth stage of the tenth five-fold sequence. It concludes a process, having experienced which the individual should find themselves more securely established in their own original nature, receiving the BLESSINGS of super-natural forces.
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New Mansions for New Men
Deep vibrations are aroused in response within the bosom of these Waters. Motion throbs throughout the abyss. Waves begin to swell, agitating the quiescent substance. To light answers life. The waves of the "Sea" answer to the waves of the light. Vibrations echo vibrations. Cosmic relationship is being established. The cosmic antiphony of light and life sounds out; two songs in a cyclic counterpoint; major and minor tonalities weaving tone-patterns; the warp and woof of the universe.
Upon those will be woven the fabric of organic existence, the brocade of consciousness and of soul. What people call imprecisely "life", what more exactly should be named "cyclic becoming", is this eonic, ever-changing relationship of the songs of light and life; a vast duo between the Sun and the Moon, going on and on throughout the ages. The harmony needed to sustain the two melodic strands in their interaction is provided by the planetary gongs. Saturn sounds the fundamental tone, the Root-sound.