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#59-ELPIS

The American Journal of Science and Arts :: {435} 2. Name for Asteroid (59).—Asteroid (59) was discovered by Mr. Chacornac at the Observatory of Paris, on the 12th of September, 1860. According to established usage, it devolved upon Mr. Chacornac, or upon Mr. LeVerrier, the Director of the Observatory, to select a name for this planet But LeVerrier declined giving this planet a name, on the ground that he wished to introduce a new nomenclature of the group of planets between Mars and Jupiter: and he suggested that without continuing to give each planet a particular name, it would be a sufficient distinction to mention the number in order of discovery, attaching thereto the name of the discoverer. Mr. J. R. Hind of London, to whom we owe the discovery of ten of these bodies, took decided ground against the proposed innovation, as leading inevitably to confusion and useless trouble; ultimately causing a return, by general consent, to our present nomenclature. The same ground was taken by Mr. Goldschmidt to whom we owe fourteen of these planets; and by Dr. Luther who has discovered eleven. The Astronomer Royal of England, Sir John Herschel, and Prof. Argelander, as well as astronomers very generally throughout Europe, also pronounced against the proposed innovation. After waiting for more than a year from the time of discovery, Dr. Weiss of the Vienna Observatory, who had taken particular charge of the observations of this planet, requested Prof. von Littrow, Director of the Vienna Observatory, to give the planet a name. Prof. von Littrow chose the name Elpis, in allusion to the political condition of Europe at the time of its discovery. This name was immediately accepted by the German astronomers. At length in January, 1862, Prof. LeVerrier announced that he no longer refused to allow Mr. Chacornac to select a name for this planet. Mr. Chacornac then requested Mr. Hind to assign a name, and Mr. Hind selected the name Olympia. This name has been accepted by the English astronomers, and will probably be universally adopted.

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