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Canterbury Equinox


[+] THIS is the Form of the Secret Seal of Solomon, wherewith he did bind and seal up the aforesaid Spirits with their legions in the Vessel of Brass [...] It is to be made on the day of Mars or Saturn (Tuesday or Saturday) at night at 12 o'clock, and written upon virgin parchment with the blood of a black cock that never trode hen. Note that on this night the moon must be increasing in light (i.e., going from new to full) and in the Zodiacal Sign of Virgo. And when the seal is so made thou shalt perfume it with alum, raisins dried in the sun, dates, cedar and lignum aloes [...] Note: Figures 162 to 174 inclusive are interesting as showing a marked resemblance to the central design of the Secret Seal. It will be observed that the evident desire is to represent hieroglyphically a person raising his or her hands in adoration. Nearly all are stone sepulchral steles, and the execution of them is rough and primitive in the extreme. Most are in the Musëe du Louvre at Paris [...] Figure 165 is a more complicated stele. Above is the symbol already mentioned, then comes the sign of the Pentagram, represented by a five-pointed star, towards which the person raises his or her hands. Besides the latter is a rude form of caduceus. A brief inscription follows in the Punic character. The Punic or Carthaginian language is usually considered to have been a dialect of Phœnician, and Carthage was of course a colony of Tyre. Beneath the Punic inscription is a horse's head in better drawing than the sculpture of the rest of the stele, which would seem to imply that the rudeness of the representation of the human figure is intentional. This and the following stele are also from Constantine [...] In Figure 175 is given the Seal of the Spirit HALAHEL. This Spirit is said to be under the rule of BAEL, and to be of a mixed nature, partly good and partly evil, like the spirits of Theurgia-Goetia which follow in the second book of the Lemegeton. NOTE: Phœnicians had twenty-five cities of which the most important were Tyre, Sidon, Aradus, Byblus, Marathus, and Tripolis. Less important were Laodicea, Simyra, Arca, Aphaca, Berytus, Ecdippa, Akko, Dor, Joppa, Gabala, Betrys, and Sarepta. The name "Phœnicia" is in all probability of Greek origin, phoîniks being a Greek derivative of phoînos, blood-red.




2007 Phases of the Moon - Virgo New Moon

Partial Solar Eclipse of September 11 @ 12:31:21 UT (Greatest eclipse)

11-Sep-2007 @ 12:44:140643UT (05:44AM PDT ~ POF conj ASC; Pallas & True Node conj DSC)

070911 Sun             18 vi 24'39.8964   0.9726405    4°35' 0.9829
070911 Moon            18 vi 24'39.8964  12.2860529    3°37'49.4104
Autumnal Equinox

23-Sep-2007 @ 09:51:133506UT (02:51AM PDT ~ chart has pentagram)

070923 Sun              0 li  0' 0.0000   0.9782945   -0° 0' 0.0531
070923 Moon            14 aq 18' 9.4573  13.6691389  -18°28'42.3051 [+]
070923 Zavijava,beVir  27 vi 16'12.1626   0.0000000    1°43'21.8261
Dark Moons for 2007 - October


Dark Moon BEGINS: 09-Oct @ 18:07 UT (11:07AM PDT)

071009 Sun             16 li  4' 1.1657   0.9880791   -6°19'15.0327
071009 Moon             0 li  4'45.7152  12.0530604   -1°55'11.0594

Dark Moon ENDS: 11-Oct @ 05:10 UT (10-Oct @ 10:10PM PDT)

071011 Sun             17 li 30'38.2416   0.9889317   -6°52'27.5932
071011 Moon            17 li 34'53.4691  11.9256065  -10° 1'42.7321 [+]
2007 Phases of the Moon - Libra New Moon

11-Oct-2007 @ 05:00:399268UT (10-Oct @ 10:01PM PDT ~ chart has pentagram)

071011 Sun             17 li 30'15.1635   0.9889280   -6°52'18.7741
071011 Moon            17 li 30'15.1635  11.9260429   -9°59'38.3243
071011 Auva,deVir      11 li 33'53.1007   0.0000000    3°21'22.2861
OFFICIAL 1st Day of Shawwal for USA - Saturday, October 13, 2007

The Astronomical New Moon is on Thursday, October 11, 2007 at 5:00 GMT (i.e., 1:00 am EDT, or October 10, 10:00 pm PDT). It will not be visible on October 11 anywhere in the world, except Southern tip of South America and Polynesian Islands in the South Pacific. On October 12, it will be visible in New Zealand Australia, Indonesia, South Asia, Africa and Africas. In North America on October 12, it can be seen with some difficulty. Look at the visibilty curve below. So, Eidul-Fitr should be on Saturday, October 13 in some parts of the world, and Sunday, October 14, in other parts of the world, Insha-Allah.


[+] The Treatise on the Astrolabe of Geoffrey Chaucer : Appendix IV. The Star Min Al Auwâ, p75 :: Now I know of no passage more likely to have been tampered with in this way, than those lines of the prologue to the Persone's Tale, alluded to at the close of my last communication. Because, supposing (which I shall afterwards endeavour to prove) that Chaucer really meant to write something to this effect: "Thereupon, as we were entering a town, the moon's rising, with Min al auwâ in Libra, began to ascend (or to become visible),"—and supposing that his mode of expressing this had been, "Therewith the mone's exaltacioun,/ In libra men alawai gan ascende,/ As we were entrying at a towne's end:"—in such a case, what can be more probable than that some ignorant transcriber, never perhaps dreaming of such a thing as the Arabic name of a star, would endeavour to make sense of these, to him, obscure words, by converting them into English.

[+] The Treatise on the Astrolabe of Geoffrey Chaucer : Appendix IV. The Star Min Al Auwâ, p78 :: This, then, is the precedent by which I support the similar, and rather startling interpretation I propose of these obscure words "In mena Libra alway." There are two twin stars, of the same magnitude, and not far apart, each of which bears the Arabic title of Min al auwâ; one (β Virginis) in the sign Virgo—the other (δ Virginis) in that of Libra. The later, in the south of England in Chaucer's time, would rise a few minutes before the autumnal equinoctial point, and might be called Libra Min al auwâ either from that circumstance, or to distinguish it from its namesake in Virgo. Now on the 18th of April this Libra Min al auwâ would rise in the neighborhood of Canterbury at about half-past three in the afternoon, so that by four o'clock it would attain an altitude of about five degrees—not more than sufficient to render the moon, supposing it to have risen with the star, visible (by daylight) to the pilgrims "entrying at a towne's end." It is very remarkable that the only year, perhaps in the whole of Chaucer's lifetime, in which the moon could have arisen with this star on the 18th of April, should be the identical year to which Tyrwhitt [+][+][+], reasoning from historical evidence alone, would fain attribute the writing of the Canterbury Tales. (Vide Introductory Discourse, note 3.)

[+] Auva (Delta Virginis) :: A golden yellow star on the hip or stomach of Virgo. Delta (this star Auva), eta (Zaniah), gamma (Porrima), epsilon (Vindemiatrix), outlined an Arabic "Kennel", of the Dogs [Eric Morse in The Living stars inferred that this Kennel has brothel associations, see Zaniah]. This group of stars formed the Arabic 11th manzil, Al 'Awwa' (1), "the Barker", or "the Howler" and were considered of good omen. In other publications this star was called Minelauva and Minalauva. "It might be that the name 'Minelauva' is actually from 'Min-Al-Awwa'" [Awwa means either 'barker' or 'howler'...- Danny Caes, RUG-Public observatory, Armand Pien, Ghent, Belgium.]

[+] Chaucer's Dantean Presentation of Time in The Canterbury Tales: Libra and the Moon :: In the last of his several chronographi -- astronomically expressed descriptions of time -- contained in The Canterbury Tales , Chaucer uses language that has led modern readers to believe that he is making elementary errors about the altitude of the Sun above the horizon and about the astrological relationship between Libra and the Moon. In this essay, I argue that the errors are ours, not his. If one reads the altitude of the Sun by means of Chaucer's observing instrument, the astrolabe, and -- forgetting astrology -- perceives the Moon's relationship to the sign/constellation of Libra as a real one much like Dante's similar image at the end of The Divine Comedy , both the astronomical and spiritual meanings of the passage in the Tales become clearer.

[+] The Skull and Crossbones: The Untold Tale of the Templar Shining Ones :: ‘A great lady of Maraclea [+] was loved by a Templar, A Lord of Sidon [+]; but she died in her youth, and on the night of her burial, this wicked lover crept to the grave, dug up her body and violated it. Then a voice from the void bade him return in nine months time for he would find a son. He obeyed the injunction and at the appointed time he opened the grave again and found a head on the leg bones of the skeleton (skull and crossbones). The same voice bade him ‘guard it Well, for it would be the giver of all good things’, and so he carried it away with him. It became his protecting genius, and he was able to defeat his enemies by merely showing them the magic head. In due course, it passed to the possession of the order.’

[+] The Skull of Sidon :: As unbelievable as this tale seems to modern eyes, it was easily bought during the period. The inquisitors and theologians would have picked up on the fact that the woman of the piece was Armenian by background. This they would have connected with the Armenian Church and its Paulician sects. The Paulicians and the Bogomils were practitioners of Catharism which the church had all but wiped out during the Albigensian Crusade. Since the church believed the Cathari to be practitioners of the Black Mass and necromancy, the woman's Armenian background would make the story guilty by association [+][+][+][+].


11-Oct-2007 @ 17:59:343362UT (11:00AM PDT)

071011 Moon            23 li 56'45.3856  11.8934292  -12°48'57.7382
071011 Spica,alVir     23 li 56'45.3856   0.0000000  -11°12' 4.0391

17-Oct-2007 @ 17:03:567983UT (10:04AM PDT)

071017 Sun             23 li 56'46.0732   0.9924117   -9°17'29.7421
071017 Spica,alVir     23 li 56'46.0732   0.0000000  -11°12' 4.3155

boxing the compass • petals around the rose


[+] The Trial of the Templars, Malcolm Barber :: p.182. It was, however, the head which was the center of the most spectacular stories. Several witnesses said that they had seen a head, although its form varied widely. However, three depositions made before the papal commission sitting in Paris in the spring of 1311 are of particular interest. The first of these was made on 1 March by an Italian notary called Antonio Sicci of Vercelli, who was not a member of the Order, but who had worked for the Templars for about forty years in Outremer. He had heard many times at Sidon that a lord of that town loved a noble lady of Armenia: He had never known her carnally while she was alive, but at length he secretly had intercourse with her when she was dead in her tomb, on the night of the day which she had been buried. When he had done this, he heard a certain voice saying to him: 'Return when it is time for birth, because you will find a head, offspring to you.' And I have heard that when the time had passed, this same knight returned to the tomb, and found a human head between the legs of the buried woman. Again he heard the voice saying to him: 'Guard this head, because all good things will come to you from it.' [...] On 12 May a Templar knight from Limoges, called Hugh of Faure, produced a variant of this tale. Sidon had been bought by Thomas Bérard when he was grand master, but he had not heard that any lord of Sidon had been a Templar. However, he had heard in Cyprus, after the fall of Acre, from John of Tanis, a secular knight who was bailli of Limassol [...] Finally, a third witness, William April of the diocese of Clermont, although he knew nothing about the other two stories, had heard it generally said in Outremer that in ancient times, before the Orders of the Temple and the Hospital had been founded, there sometimes appeared in the sea, in a whirlwind at a place called Satalia, 'a certain head after whose appearance boats which were in the said whirlwind were imperilled'. Salamon Reinach has shown that the medieval origins of this story can be traced at least to Walter Map, writing in the twelfth century, although Walter does not connect its events with the Templars. The principle in Map's tale is a young shoemaker of Constantinople [...piracy, Gulf of Satalia, & more examples...] It is to be expected that different regions and periods produced changed emphases, but the tale has a universal appeal and a hardy durability which enabled oral versions to survive even among the peasants of nineteenth-century Tuscany. The retelling of the story among the depositions of the Templar trial is therefore only a minor incident in the overall history of this piece of folklore and it cannot by any stretch of the imagination be directly connected with the activities of the Order. {search: MARACLEA : MARAQIYYA : MARAQIYYA : MARACLEE}

[+] The Trial of the Templars, Malcolm Barber :: p185. Several witnesses had seen an idol; for one it was simply 'a copper object' and for another it was 'a small picture of base gold or of gold which seemed to have a picture of a woman'. For most, however, it was a head, of varied appearance; for the knight Bartholomew Bochier, for instance, it wore a cap and had a long, grey beard, being made of wood, metal or bone, or human. {search: BARTHOLOMEW}

[+] From Slave to Sultan: The Career of Al-Mansur Qalawun and the Consolidation of Mamluk Rule in Egypt and Syria (678-689 A.H./1279-1290 A.D.), Linda S. Northrup :: p131-132. Qalawun [+][+], however, did not stop with Marqab. He went on to take the town of Bulunyas (approximately five kilometers from Marqab) and the nearby Templar island-fortress of Maraqiyya (Maraclea). The tower of Maraqiyya was situated just far enough off the coast that arrows could not reach it, and stones hurled by mangonels would rebound from its walls. Morever, the Muslim navy was for all purposes non-existent, so that taking it from the sea was not in question. As Ibn 'Abd al-Zahir remarks, Maraqiyya had to be taken with ingenuity, not by military force. In effect, that is how it was done. Qalawun threatened to attack Bohemond of Tripoli if he did not help to demolish the tower in the construction of which he had taken some part. Qalawun's ploy succeeded, and on I Rabi I 684/May-June 1285 the prince complied with the sultan's demand.

[+] The Armenian Kingdom and the Mamluks: War and Diplomacy During the Reigns of Het'um II (1289-1307), Angus Donal Stewart :: Note 58. p59. Qalawun persuaded the count of Tripoli to bribe one of his vassals to destroy a tower the latter, Bartholomew, had built in the sea at Marqiyya/Maraclea.

[+] The Crusades, c. 1071–c. 1291, Jean Richard :: p461. Qalawun then marched on the castle of Maraclea, which its lord, Bartholomew, had refortified after its earlier destruction, exploiting its situation on a peninsula which rendered it almost impregnable. The sultan put pressure on Bohemond VII of Tripoli, threatening to break the truces which protected his country, and the prince obliged his vassal to surrender his castle, which was dismantled 'stone by stone'. {search: BARTHOLOMEW}

[+] Bohemund VII :: son of Bohemund VI of Antioch and his wife Sibylla of Armenia. As Bohemund VII was still underage at his succession, Sibylla acted as regent, although the regency was also unsuccessfully claimed by Hugh I of Jerusalem, Bohemund's closest living male relative. Sibylla appointed Bartholomew, Bishop of Tortosa, to act as bailie. Bohemund spent his minority under the protection of Leo III of Armenia at his court in Cilicia. He returned to Tripoli in 1277 and immediately made peace with Qalawun, the Mamluk sultan, and recognised Roger of San Severino as regent at Acre for Charles I of Jerusalem.

[+] Barthélémy de Maraclée :: Lord of Maraclea, also known as Khrab Marqiya, a small coastal Crusader town and a castle in the Levant, between Tortosa and Baniyas (Buluniyas).

[+] The Priory of Tortosa, in the Empire of Ironthorn :: Tortosa (1152 - 1291), The Templars Largest Fortress :: The Templar Presence in the County of Tripoli, Centered on there Great Castles in Tortosa and Chastel-Blanc,was created almost contemporaneously with their establishment at Gaza. The castle was given to the Templars in April 1152 by William, Bishop of Tortosa - after the city had been temporarily captured and burned by Nur-ed-Din. The castle had originally been owned by a secular Lord, Raynouard de Maraclea, but after the destruction of Tortosa he seems to have lacked the money to make it viable again. At the heart of the Tortosa installation was a keep, about 35 meters square, which was situated near the coastline. It was surrounded by two sets of walls incorporating eleven guard towers.

[+] Bartholomew the Apostle :: The Armenian Apostolic Church honours Saint Bartholomew, along with Saint Jude as their patron saint [+].

[+] The Grail and the Holy Ghost, ThothMosesIII :: So, just who is Bartholomew and why would he be associated with the Grail? There are a few possibilities very interesting to note, the first being that according to Syrian traditions, the original name of this figure was not Bartholomew, but Jesus. He changed his name after becoming a disciple of Christ, though some customs still hold his title to be that of Jesus. Another interesting fact is that the name Bartholomew literally means Son of Tolmay, or Ptolemy, which comes from the word Ptolemaios, meaning “warlike”. Being a man of many names, another title of Bartholomew is that of Nathanael, which in turn could be closely related to Emmanuel, yet another title for Jesus Christ. Could this really be a representation of Bartholomew meaning: “Jesus, Son of War”? Might Bartholomew really be Jesus, and might Nathanael be Emmanuel? Are there other possibilities? [+][+][+][+][+][+]

[+] The Gospel of Bartholomew, From "The Apocryphal New Testament", M.R. James-Translation and Notes, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1924 :: 10 And as he thus spake, Jesus raised him up and said unto him: Bartholomew, wilt thou see the adversary of men? I tell thee that when thou beholdest him, not thou only but the rest of the apostles and Mary will fall on your faces and become as dead corpses. 11 But they all said unto him: Lord, let us behold him. 12 And he led them down from the Mount of Olives and looked wrathfully upon the angels that keep hell (Tartarus), and beckoned unto Michael to sound the trumpet in the height of the heavens. And Michael sounded, and the earth shook, and Beliar came up, being held by 660 (560 Gr., 6,064 Lat. 1, 6,060 Lat. 2) angels and bound with fiery chains. 12 And the length of him was 1,600 cubits and his breadth 40 (Lat. 1, 300, Slav. 17) cubits (Lat. 2, his length 1,900 cubits, his breadth 700, one wing of him 80), and his face was like a lightning of fire and his eyes full of darkness (like sparks, Slav.). And out of his nostrils came a stinking smoke; and his mouth was as the gulf of a precipice, and the one of his wings was four-score cubits. 14 And straightway when the apostles saw him, they fell to the earth on their faces and became as dead. 15 But Jesus came near and raised the apostles and gave them a spirit of power, and he saith unto Bartholomew: Come near, Bartholomew, and trample with thy feet on his neck, and he will tell thee his work, what it is, and how he deceiveth men. 16 And Jesus stood afar off with the rest of the apostles. 17 And Barthololmew feared, and raised his voice and said: Blessed be the name of thine immortal kingdom from henceforth even for ever. And when he had spoken, Jesus permitted him, saying: Go and tread upon the neck of Beliar: and Bartholomew ran quickly upon him and trode upon his neck: and Beliar trembled. (For this verse the Vienna MS. has: And Bartholomew raised his voice and said thus: O womb more spacious than a city, wider than the spreading of the heavens, that contained him whom the seven heavens contain not, but thou without pain didst contain sanctified in thy bosom, &c.: evidently out of place. Latin 1 has only: Then did Antichrist tremble and was filled with fury.)

[+] Phoenician Origin of Britons, Scots, and Anglo-Saxons by L. A. Waddell; Author(s) of Review: R. L. Turner; Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies, University of London, Vol. 3, No. 4 (1925), pp. 808-810 :: The revival of the top-hat has preserved for science an important proof of the origin of the inhabitants of this country. For it cannot be considered the national headgear of the rulers of England (we do not speak with such assurance of Scotland), and its adoption by other nations as the ceremonial head-covering of males is only another indication of the way in which our Higher Civilization has imposed itself on less fortunate Gentiles. But to our point.

[+] Concering Hats, pp. 65-69; All the Year Round: A Weekly Journal, Volume VII., Conducted by Charles Dickens :: Had I space, I might dilate on the revival of the top hat...

[+] Partholón :: In Irish mythology Partholón was the leader of the second group of people to settle in Ireland, the first to arrive after the biblical Flood. They arrived in 2680 BC according to the chronology of the Annals of the Four Masters, 2061 BC according to Seathrún Céitinn's chronology, and the time of Abraham according to Irish synchronic historians [+][+].

[+] The Newton Stone; Sun Born Model of 'The Birth of Heaven and Earth' :: Privately located near Pitmachie, 20 miles west of Aberdeen, Scotland, on the A96 road. The Newton Stone is the most important human record of interplanetary 'galactric' conflict in existence; illustrating the birth of gas-globe Jupiter-Zeus-Isis (left) from Saturn-Cronus-Osiris, and the pending birth of Venus-Athene-Horus from the former thus completing the cycle of planetary births in the Solar System, and showing the umbilical, smoking-tailed, serpent-dragon Typhon-Seth charged by electromagnetic lightning(s) hurled by Zeus [+].

[+] As we walked through fields of prayer :: Less known is that the Newton Stone has a twin, The Serpent Stone, which now (as originally) stands beside the Newton Stone. The Newton Stone was dated earlier this century to roughly 400 BC by Professor L.A. Waddell, a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute of London and an archaeologist who had spent much of his career in India. The stone carries an inscription, in Ogham, which contains the name Eddarnon, which some commentators suggest might be a reference to Adomnan, a saint and abbot of Iona, who died in 704 AD. But it also has another inscription, in an alphabet that has as yet defied all attempts to decipher it. Waddell controversially translated it [and] thus argued that the Picts, rather than descendents from the native Celts, seemed to be Phoenician immigrants!

[+] The Phoenician Origin of Britons Scots and Anglo Saxons Discovered by Phoenician and Sumerian Inscriptions in Britain by Pre Roman Briton Coins, Lawrence Austine Waddell, Fellow of Royal Anthropological Institute, Linnean & Folk-Lore Societies, Hon. Correspondt. Indian Archaeological Survey, Ex-Professor of Tibetan, London University :: Preface :: THE treasures of ancient high art lately unearthed at Luxor have excited the admiring interest of a breathless world, and have awakened more vividly than before a sense of the vast antiquity of the so-called "Modern Civilization," as it existed over three thousand years ago in far-off Ancient Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia [...] That long-lost origin and early history of our ancestors, the Britons, Scots and Anglo-Saxons, in the "Prehistoric" and Pre-Roman periods, back to about 3000 B.C., are now recovered to a great extent in the present work, by means of newly discovered historical evidence. And so far from those ancestral Britons having been mere "painted savages roaming wild in the woods," as we are imaginatively told in most of the modern history books, they are now on the contrary disclosed by the newly found historical facts to have been from the very first grounding of their galley keels upon Old Albion's shores, over a millennium and a half of years before the Christian era, a highly civilized and literate race, pioneers of Civilization, and a branch of the famous Phoenicians. ¶ In the course of my researches into the fascinating problem of the Lost Origin of the Aryans, the fair, long-headed North European race, the traditional ancestors of our forbears of the Brito-Scandinavian race who gave to Europe in prehistoric time its Higher Civilization and civilized Languages [...] I ascertained that the Phoenicians were Aryans in race. That is to say, they were of the fair and long-headed civilizing "Northern" race, the reality of whose existence was conclusively confirmed and established by Huxley, who proved that "There was and is an Aryan Race, that is to say, the characteristic modes of speech, termed Aryan, were developed among the Blond Long-heads alone, however much some of them may have been modified by the importation of Non-Aryan elements." ("The Aryan Question" in Nineteenth Century, 1890. 766.) ¶ Thus the daring Phoenician pioneer mariners who, with splendid courage, in their small winged galleys, first explored the wide seas and confines of the Unknown Ancient World, and of whose great contributions to the civilization of Greece and Rome classic writers speak in glowing terms, were, I found by indisputable inscriptional and other evidence, not Semites as hitherto supposed, but were Aryans in Race, Speech and Script. They were, besides, disclosed to be the lineal blood-ancestors of the Britons and Scots—properly so-called, that is, as opposed to the aboriginal dark Non-Aryan people of Albion, Caledonia and Hibernia, the dusky small-statured Picts and kindred "Iberian" tribes [+][+][+][+][+][+].

[+] The Phoenician Origin of Britons Scots and Anglo Saxons :: Chapter VIII Phoenician Barat or "Brit" Author of Newton Stone Inscriptions Disclosed as Historical Original of "Part-olon, King of the Scots," and Traditional First Civilizer of Ireland About 400 B.C. :: At the outset it is to be noted that in the Latin versions of the Ancient British Chronicles by the Romish monks Nennius (or Ninian) and Geoffrey, the name "Partolon," as it occurs in the Irish-Scot vernacular histories, is latinized into "Partholomus" in order to adapt it to the New Testament apostolic name of Bartholomus or Bartholomew.

[+] The Phoenician Origin of Britons Scots and Anglo Saxons :: Chapter IX Local Survival of Part-olon's Name in the District of His Monument :: Disclosing Phoenician origin of names Barthol, Bartle and Bartholomew, and "Brude" title of Kings of the Picts + With reference to this alteration of the name to "Bartholomew," it is interesting to note that the apostle Bartholomew or properly "Bartholomaios," as his name is written in the Greek text of the New Testament, bears an Aryan and not a Hebrew name,5 which contains the element Barat or "Brit-on," conjoined also with the Aryan affix oloma which is a recognized variant of "olon." He appears to have been a Gentile; and according to St. Jerome was the only one of the twelve apostles who was of noble birth, and author of a "Gospel of Bartholomew," latterly deemed "heretical,"1 possibly because of the inclusion of some Aryan Sun-worship. He is specially mentioned in connection with Philip, who also, like Bartholomew and Andrew, bore a Gentile and non-Hebrew name; and, according to the Roman Martyrology, was a native of Persia, and the traditional apostle for the shores of the Black Sea, Armenia, Phrygia and Lyconia2--that is, as we have seen, in the Barat regions, on the border of Cilicia.

[+] The Phoenician Origin of Britons Scots and Anglo Saxons :: Chapter XXI St. Andrew as Patron Saint with His "Cross" Incorporates Hitto-Sumerian Father-God Indara, Indra Or Gothic "Indri" - Thor & His "Hammer" Introduced Into Early Britain by Gothic Phoenicians :: It thus appears probable that Andrew, Peter, Bartholomew and Philip were not only Aryan in race, as their names imply, but that they were part of a colony of Sidonian Phoenicians, settled on the shores of the sea of "Galilee of the Gentiles."

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