northanger (northanger) wrote,
northanger
northanger

Oil

 • OIL SPILL rivalling Exxon-Valdez, 30K tons est. so far

 • Oil Spill at the Lebanese Coast :: In the course of the conflict in the Middle East, the oil-fuelled power plant of Jieh, located directly on the coastline approximately 30 km south of Beirut was hit by bombs on July 13 and 15, 2006. Part of the storage tanks caught fire and were burning for several days. A large part of the fuel was spilled into the Mediterranean Sea as a result of the blast. The Lebanese ministry of environment estimated that approximately 30,000 tons of heavy fuel oil were emmitted into the sea ... Following a request for help from the Lebanese Ministry of Environment, the EC Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC) of DG Environment triggered the International Charter 'Space and Major Disasters' in order to obtain information about the extent of the oil pollution in the coastal strip and, where possible, the size of the pollution.

 • Jieh :: seaside town in Mount Lebanon on the Mediterranean Sea. Jieh has a population of 5000 people.[1] It lies 23km south of Beirut, Lebanon in the Chouf district via a 20 minute drive along the Beirut to Sidon highway south of the capital of modern Phoenicia. Jieh, the fertile land according to the Greek sources, extends 7 km along the Lebanese sea coast. It is the ancient city of Porphyreon whose history goes back to centuries before Christ. The Prophet Jonah was said to have landed on its shores when he was spat out of the giant fish described in the Old Testament, and a temple was built which stands until today.

 • BP: Pipeline closing may last for months :: ANCHORAGE, Alaska - BP said Monday it discovered corrosion so severe that it will have to replace 16 miles of pipeline at the huge Prudhoe Bay oil field — work that could shut down the nation's single biggest source of domestic crude for months and drive gasoline prices even higher. Oil prices climbed more than $2 a barrel on the news, and gasoline futures rose, too. The West Coast is expected to be squeezed particularly hard, and the government is considering releasing oil from its emergency stockpile to ease the crunch. BP PLC said it will have to replace most of the 22 miles of so-called transit pipeline at Prudhoe Bay, which produces about 2.6 percent of the nation's daily supply, or about 400,000 barrels a day. BP, the world's second-largest oil company, discovered the extent of the corrosion with tests that were ordered by the federal government after a big oil spill last March at Prudhoe Bay, situated above the Arctic Circle, 650 miles north of Anchorage. The oil company said it was surprised to find such severe corrosion, and had gone 14 years without using a device called a "pig" to clean out its lines because it did not believe it was necessary.

 • Exxon Valdez oil spill :: The spilled oil affected 1,900 km of Alaskan coastline. Although Exxon's initial report of 10.8 million gallons (40,900 m³) of oil spilled has been widely accepted, other sources estimate the spill at 35 million gallons (110,000 m³).

 • Prudhoe Bay :: On March 2, 2006, a worker for BP Exploration (Alaska) discovered a large oil spill in western Prudhoe Bay. At least 267,000 gallons spilled, making it the largest oil spill on Alaska's north slope to date ... The March 2006 oil spill led the United States Department of Transportation to mandate that the transit lines be inspected for corrosion. As a result, BP announced on 6 August 2006 they had discovered severe corrosion, with losses of 70 to 81 percent in the 3/8-inch of the wall thickness of the pipe. Oil leaking was reported in one area, with the equivalent of four to five barrels of oil spilled.[3] The damage require replacement of 16 of 22 miles of pipeline at the Prudhoe Bay ... BP initially estimated up to 2 to 3 months before the pipelines would be fully operational[4], but has now revised that out to January 2007.[6] London brent crude hit an intra-day high of $77.73/barrel, the all-time high being $78.18/barrel. United States crude oil peaked at $76.67/barrel. The State of Alaska, which gets most of its revenue from taxing the oil industry may lose as much as $6.4 million each day until production restarts.

 • Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Research :: The ABL has conducted research on the effects of the 1989 oil spill on fish and invertebrates of PWS and has monitored the persistence of oil in the environment. Although it has been 14 years since the spill, oil still remains in the impacted area—intertidal and shallow subtidal habitats are still contaminated, some species have not recovered, and the production of the ecosystem appears "out of sync" as major salmon and herring fisheries have not returned to stability.

 • The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: How Much Oil Remains? :: We anticipate the significance of these results will be controversial and stimulate discussion. Is the oil significant and to whom? Are pink salmon or herring injured because of continued intertidal contamination? Are near shore predators, like otters or sea ducks, at risk because they prey in this zone? Are the area’s subsistence users avoiding appropriate beaches, or are they avoiding all beaches? What can or should be done about the remaining oil? If more cleaning is requested or required, will it do more good than harm?

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