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astarte working

 • astarte working (gematria_monkey)

ENO (Octal) = 702 = URBS (Beautify) = YEA, IT IS I, BABALON; enochian word TURBS (in their beauty) appears in the second key:

Can The Wings Of The Winds Understand Your Voices Of Wonder? O Ye, The Second First: Whom Burning Flames Have Framed In The Depths Of My Jaws; Whom I Have Prepared As Cups For A Wedding, Or As Flowers In Their Beauty (TURBS) For The Chamber Of Righteousness. Stronger Are Your Feet Than The Barren Stone, And Mightier Are Your Voices Than The Manifold Winds. For You Are Become A Building Such As Is Not, Except In The Mind Of The All-Powerful. Arise, Saith The First, Move Therefore Unto His Servant! Show Yourselves In Power And Make Me A Strong Seething, For I Am Of Him That Lives Forever!

"Astraea" comes from aster (star); Astraea & ad astra per aspera.

AQ 128 = ASTRAEA = BEAUTY = 10TH PATH = AGALMATA = ADAM-ADAMI = ALCHIMIA = AURORA = BARNACLE (Half-Life) = BASTARD = BELOVED = BOOK IV (Abuldiz) = BRUTAL = CANNIBAL = CENSOR = COAXIAL (Rosalind Franklin) = DELIGHT = EIGHTY = ENCHANT = ENERGY = ENTRAP = GOSPEL = HALPHAS = HARLOT = I AM NINE = JAH-HOVA = JEWELS = JOSHUA = LARIUM = LEONIS = MOTTO = NEKHBET = OCCULT = OREGON = REFUSE = REJOICE = SABNOCK = SATYR = SEVERE = SHOWED = SOUTH = TANTRA = THE BIG "N" = THE KEY = W.K.G.I.H.P.? (Abuldiz) = WEAPON.

Astarte :: Mythology An ancient Semitic goddess of love and war, being the Phoenician, Syrian, and Canaanite counterpart to Ishtar. In the Bible, her name sometimes appears in the plural, perhaps referring to a group of goddesses. Also called Ashtoreth. ETYMOLOGY: Greek Astarte, of Phoenician origin. See cttr in Appendix II.

AQ 147 = ASTARTE = DOG STAR (Sirius) = ALTA MIRA = APOPHIS = AXXIARG = BREASTS = ECHOLALIA = ELECTRIC = ENTITY = FLAT TAX = FOOLISH = GUARDIAN = HANUKKAH = INCUBATE = KUNDRY = KURIOS = LEFTISM = MILLION = MIZRAEL = MOCKERS = MOTHMAN = NABATHEAN = NEITHIS = NEMESIS = NUMERAL = OLD ONES = PACK-KILL = PERFUME = PRINCES = RED MOON = RED ROSE = SATURN = SHEKINAH = SIFTING = SIPPOR = STAR GOD = STRANGE = STRIVE = STRONG = THE SIGN 11 (Abuldiz) = THELEMIC = TRIGGER = UNDERGO = VAMPIRE = VASSAGO = VIETNAM = VISHNU = WISE MAN.

aster :: 1. Any of various plants of the genus Aster in the composite family, having radiate flower heads with white, pink, or violet rays and a usually yellow disk. 2. The China aster. 3. Biology A star-shaped structure formed in the cytoplasm of a cell and having raylike fibers that surround the centrosome during mitosis. ETYMOLOGY: Latin aster, a type of plant, from Greek, star, type of daisy. See ster-3 in Appendix I.

ster-3 :: DEFINITION: Star. 1. Suffixed form *ster-s-. star, from Old English steorra, star, from Germanic *sterzon-. 2. Suffixed form *ster-la-. stellar, stellate; constellation, from Latin stella, star. 3. Basic form *ester-. aster, asteriated, asterisk, asterism, asteroid, astral, astro-; astraphobia, disaster, from Greek aster, star, with its derivative astron, star, and possible compound astrape, asterope, lightning, twinkling (“looking like a star”; ops, op-, eye, appearance; see okw-). 4. Esther1, perhaps from Persian sitareh, star, from Iranian stem *star- (or perhaps of Semitic origin; see cttr in Appendix II).

cttr :: DEFINITION: Common Semitic masculine noun *cattar-, feminine *cattart-, gods representing the morning and evening stars. 1. Ashtoreth, from Hebrew caštoret, taboo-deformation (with the vowels of bošet, shame, shameful thing) of earlier *cašteret. 2a. Astarte, from Greek Astarte, from Phoenician *caštart; b. Aphrodite, from Greek Aphrodite, probably ultimately from Phoenician *caštart, Astarte (influenced by Greek aphros, foam). 3a. Ishtar, from Akkadian ištar; b. Esther, from Hebrew ester, perhaps from Akkadian ištar, Ishtar (or from Persian sitareh, star; see ster-3 in Appendix I).

Adaptation.when you spot your flower :: Susan Orlean, Orchid Thief & Darwin's prediction (a Madagascar orchid, Angraecum sesquipedale, had a soul mate [+] with a long proboscis); Hummingbird Hawk-moths feed on asters.

Esther :: In the Bible, the Jewish queen of Persia who saved her people from massacre. ETYMOLOGY: Hebrew ester, from Persian sitareh, star. See ster-3 in Appendix I, or Akkadian Ištar, Ishtar. See Ishtar.

127 PROVINCES :: The Scroll of Esther reports that King Ahasuerus ruled over 127 provinces. The Vilna Gaon cites a Midrash that locates 100 of Ahasuerus' provinces on continental land masses. The remaining 27 were islands in the sea. He then cites the verse, "King Ahasuerus levied a tax on the land and the islands of the sea" (Esther 10:1) as proof of this statement. The gematria of "mas" (tax) is 100 and the gematria of "vi-eyay" (and the islands) is 27. This verse may then be interpreted: King Ahasuerus had 100 provinces on the mainland and 27 in the sea.

AQ 129 = ESTHER = ISHTAR = 11TH PATH = 20TH PATH = ABRASAX = ABRAXAS = ALREADY = ANCIENT = APPOLO = ASTAPHA = ATMA BHU = BLESSED = COPH NIA = DAR AL-ABED = ECCLESIA = GANZIR = GENIUS = GHETTO = GONARCH (Half-Life) = HAVAYAH (G-D's Essential Name) = HYPER-C = IUNGES = JHSHVH = LIGHTS = MAGICIAN = MAGNUS = MALATAR = MEANETH = ONE KEY = PAPERS = PERISH = PLUTO = PROWL = PUPPO (Puppis) = RA HOOR = SABAOTH = SAYING = SIGILS = SMEARS = SPIRAL = SURYA = TEMPLI = THE GATE = THE TAU = THREES = VERITA.

Mesh-21. Puppo (The Pup). Break-Outs. Pitch Cth-2. Net-Span 7::0 Amphidemon of Larval Regression. 7th Door (Akasha) [Uranus], Cervical Decadology. C/tp-#8, Mj- [8S]. Rt-1:[71890] Dissolving into slime (masked horrors). Rt-2:[72541890] Chthonic swallowings. [+1 sub-Rt].

AQ 212 = 127 PROVINCES = 484-DESCENDING (1, 2, 3...484) = ABOMINATION = AIN SOPH AUR = AN OPENNESS (Druj Notes) = ASCENDING (784, 783, 782...1) = ASPIRATION = BEGINNING & END = BEYOND BELIEF (Omowale Adewale) = BIAS VOLTAGE (Coulomb blockade) = CRUX ANSATA = CYBERGOTHS (Vermomancy) = DOUBLE BONDS = FILM REVIEW (PJ-Mullins) = GOLDEN LIGHT = HIDDEN INSIDE = INVOCATION (Abuldiz) = IRIS CARVER = LAMBENT FLAME = MAH HAH BOH NAY = MANDALAY CAMP = MYSTIC NAME (Abuldiz) = NEGARESTANI = NOBEL PRIZE = PHORONEUS = PYRIMIDINE = RED TRIANGLE = RHIZOMATIC = ROSE & CROSS = SEXTENARY = TETRACTYS = THE FLIP SIDE = THEOSOPHY = TRADE DEFICIT = TRANSMUTE = VOLTAGE BIAS (Coulomb blockade) = WARNING CODE (Piet) = ZYGONOMY (Double-numbering; especially Mesh/Net number twinning).

06238 עשר ‘ashar aw-shar’ - a primitive root; TWOT-1714; v - AV-rich 14, enrich 3, richer 1; 17; 1) to be or become rich or wealthy, enrich, pretend to be rich; 1a) (Qal) to be or become rich; 1b) (Hiphil) 1b1) to make rich; 1b2) to gain riches; 1c) (Hithpael) to enrich oneself, pretend to be rich.

06251 עשתרה ‘asht@rah ash-ter-aw’ or (plural) עשתרות probably from 06238; TWOT-1718a; n f - AV-flock 4; 4; 1) ewe, flock, increase, young.

and Ashtaroth from among you; female deities, such as with other nations went by the name of Juno, Venus, &c. so the Arabic version, “the idols of the women ye secretly worship.” Aquila renders it, "the images of Astarte"; so they call Venus as Procopius Gazaeus observes, from "aster", a star; but the word signifies flocks of sheep, and these deities are supposed by some to be in the form of them (1 Samuel 7:3; John Gill's Expositor).

Baal may signify the sun, so Ashtaroth the moon, and the stars like flocks of sheep about her (Judges 2:13; John Gill's Expositor); see below.

06252 עשתרות ‘Ashtarowth ash-taw-roth’ or עשתרת ‘Ashtaroth ash-taw-roth’ - pl. of 06251; TWOT-1718b; AV-Ashtaroth 11, Astaroth 1; 12; Ashtaroth or Astaroth = "star"; n pr f deity; 1) false goddesses in the Canaanite religion, usually related to fertility cult; n pr loc - 2) a city in Bashan east of the Jordan given to Manasseh; 2a) same as 06255. See OG (king of Bashan who "dwelt at Ashtaroth in Edrei"), SIHON, BASHAN, EDREI, NAMES OF THE GODDESS.

the temple of Atargatis/Atergates (also: goddess of the Zidonians) [+] (Genesis 14:5; John Gill's Expositor).

06253 עשתרת ‘Ashtoreth ash-to’reth - probably for 06251; TWOT-1718; n pr f; AV-Ashtoreth 3; 3; Ashtoreth = "star"; 1) the principal female deity of the Phoenicians worshipped in war and fertility 1a) also ‘Ishtar’ of Assyria and ‘Astarte’ by the Greeks and Romans.

06254 עשתרתי ‘Asht@rathiy ash-ter-aw-thee’ - from 06252; adj patr; AV-Ashterathite 1; 1; Ashterathite = see Astaroth "star"; 1) an inhabitant of the city of Ashtaroth.

06255 עשתרת קרנים ‘Asht@roth Qarnayim ash-ter-oth’ kar-nah’-yim - from 06252 and the dual of 07161; ; n pr loc; AV-Ashtoreth Karnaim 1; 1; Ashtoreth-karnaim = "Ashtoreth of the two horns or peaks"; 1) a city in Bashan east of the Jordan given to Manasseh; 1a) same as 06252.

Ashteroth Karnaim :: Ashteroth of the two horns, the abode of the Rephaim # Ge 14:5 It may be identified with Ashtaroth preceding; called "Karnaim", i.e., the "two-horned" (the crescent moon). The Samaritan version renders the word by "Sunamein," the present es-Sunamein, 28 miles south of Damascus.

Ashtaroth Karnaim, the ancient seat of the Rephaim, or giants from whom Og sprung (Numbers 21:33; John Gill's Expositor).

[they gave] Golan in Bashan, with her suburbs, [to be] a city of refuge for the slayer; see Jos 20:8; this is the third city of refuge mentioned: and Beeshterah with her suburbs; called Ashtaroth, 1Ch 6:71; which had been the royal city of Og, king of Bashan, where he had his palace, De 1:4. Here seems to have been formerly a temple dedicated to the goddess Astarte; for Beeshterah is a compound of "Beth" and "Ashterah", or Astarte; that is, the house or temple of Astarte, but now become a city of the Levites (Joshua 21:27; John Gill's Expositor).

Golan :: Exile, a city of Bashan # De 4:43 one of the three cities of refuge east of Jordan, about 12 miles north-east of the Sea of Galilee # Jos 20:8 There are no further notices of it in Scripture. It became the head of the province of Gaulanitis, one of the four provinces into which Bashan was divided after the Babylonish captivity, and almost identical with the modern Jaulan, in Western Hauran, about 39 miles in length and 18 in breath.

Forest :: Trees are fast disappearing from the Jaulan (anc. Gaulanitis), once densely wooded (see Schumacher, "The Jaulan," p. 15). In the vast territory of Bashan the oaks, for which it was famous in Biblical times, though still plentiful, are too much scattered to constitute forests. Ammon, in the south, is outside of the range of forests.

Golan Heights (Hebrew: Ramat HaGolan, Arabic: Hadhbat al-Jaulan :: During the 3rd millennium BC the Amorites dominated and inhabited the Golan until the 2nd millennium, when the Arameans took over. Later known as Bashan, the area was contested between Kingdom of Israel (the northern of the two Jewish kingdoms existent at that time) and the Aramean kingdom from the 800s BC).

Ashtoreth :: The moon goddess of the Phoenicians, representing the passive principle in nature, their principal female deity; frequently associated with the name of Baal, the sun-god, their chief male deity #Jud 10:6 1Sa 7:4 12:10 These names often occur in the plural (Ashtaroth, Baalim), probably as indicating either different statues or different modifications of the deities. This deity is spoken of as Ashtoreth of the Zidonians. She was the Ishtar of the Accadians and the Astarte of the Greeks #1Ki 11:5,33 2Ki 23:13 There was a temple of this goddess among the Philistines in the time of Saul #1Sa 31:10 Under the name of Ishtar, she was one of the great deities of the Assyrians. The Phoenicians called her Astarte. Solomon introduced the worship of this idol #1Ki 11:33 Jezebel’s 400 priests were probably employed in its service #1Ki 18:19 It was called the "queen of heaven" #Jer 44:25.

Asherah :: And pl. Asherim in Revised Version, instead of "grove" and "groves" of the Authorized Version. This was the name of a sensual Canaanitish goddess Astarte, the feminine of the Assyrian Ishtar. Its symbol was the stem of a tree deprived of its boughs, and rudely shaped into an image, and planted in the ground. Such religious symbols are frequently alluded to in Scripture # Ex 34:13 Jud 6:25 2Ki 23:6 #1Ki 16:33 etc. These images were also sometimes made of silver or of carved stone #2Ki 21:7 "the graven image of Asherah," R.V. See GROVE, CAKE.

every oak is sacred to Jupiter and every grove to Diana (Judges 3:7; John Gill's Expositor).

Grove :: 1. Heb. ’asherah, properly a wooden image, or a pillar representing Ashtoreth, a sensual Canaanitish goddess, probably usually set up in a grove #2Ki 21:7 23:4 In the Revised Version the word "Asherah" (q.v.) is introduced as a proper noun, the name of the wooden symbol of a goddess, with the plurals Asherim # Ex 34:13 and Asheroth # Jud 3:13 The LXX. have rendered _asherah_ in #2Ch 15:16 by "Astarte." The Vulgate has done this also in # Jud 3:7. 2. Heb. ’eshel # Ge 21:33 In #1Sa 22:6 31:13 the Authorized Version renders this word by "tree." In all these passages the Revised Version renders by "tamarisk tree." It has been identified with the Tamariscus orientalis, five species of which are found in Palestine. 3. The Heb. word ’elon, uniformly rendered in the Authorized Version by "plain," properly signifies a grove or plantation. In the Revised Version it is rendered, pl., "oaks" # Ge 13:18 14:13 # Ge 18:1 12:6 De 11:30 Jos 19:33 In the earliest times groves are mentioned in connection with religious worship. The heathen consecrated groves to particular gods, and for this reason they were forbidden to the Jews # Jer 17:3 Eze 20:28.

Baal :: Lord. 1. The name appropriated to the principal male god of the Phoenicians. It is found in several places in the plural BAALIM # Jud 2:11 10:10 1Ki 18:18 Jer 2:23 Ho 2:17 Baal is identified with Molech # Jer 19:5 It was known to the Israelites as Baal-peor # Nu 25:3 De 4:3 was worshipped till the time of Samuel #1Sa 7:4 and was afterwards the religion of the ten tribes in the time of Ahab #1Ki 16:31-33 18:19,22 It prevailed also for a time in the kingdom of Judah #2Ki 8:27 comp. #2Ki 11:18 16:3 #2Ch 28:2 till finally put an end to by the severe discipline of the Captivity # Zep 1:4-6 The priests of Baal were in great numbers #1Ki 18:19 and of various classes #2Ki 10:19 Their mode of offering sacrifices is described in #1Ki 18:25-29 The sun-god, under the general title of Baal, or "lord," was the chief object of worship of the Canaanites. Each locality had its special Baal, and the various local Baals were summed up under the name of Baalim, or "lords." Each Baal had a wife, who was a colourless reflection of himself. 2. A Benjamite, son of Jehiel, the progenitor of the Gibeonites #1Ch 8:30 9:36. 3. The name of a place inhabited by the Simeonites, the same probably as Baal-ath-beer #1Ch 4:33 Jos 19:8.

1 Kings 11:5. And Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, &c.] Enticed by the Zidonian women, or woman, he had, #1Ki 11:1. According to the Phoenician histories {i}, Solomon married a daughter of Hiram, king of Tyre and Zidon; so Clemens of Alexandria says {k}, that Hiram gave his daughter to Solomon; Ashtoreth is Astarte, the same with the Venus of the Greeks, so Suidas {l}; and Lucian {m} expressly says, the Sidonians had a temple, said by them to belong to Astarte, which he takes to be the moon; and both Venus and Juno signify the same planet; see Gill on "Jud 2:13".

Zidon :: A fishery, a town on the Mediterranean coast, about 25 miles north of Tyre. It received its name from the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah # Ge 10:15,19 It was the first home of the Phoenicians on the coast of Palestine, and from its extensive commercial relations became a "great" city # Jos 11:8 19:28 It was the mother city of Tyre. It lay within the lot of the tribe of Asher, but was never subdued # Jud 1:31 The Zidonians long oppressed Israel # Jud 10:12 From the time of David its glory began to wane, and Tyre, its "virgin daughter" # Isa 23:12 rose to its place of pre-eminence. Solomon entered into a matrimonial alliance with the Zidonians, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel #1Ki 11:1,33 This city was famous for its manufactures and arts, as well as for its commerce #1Ki 5:6 1Ch 22:4 # Eze 27:8 It is frequently referred to by the prophets # Isa 23:2,4,12 Jer 25:22 27:3 47:4 Eze 27:8 28:21,22 32:30 Joe 3:4 Our Lord visited the "coasts" of Tyre and Zidon Sidon (q.v.), # Mt 15:21 Mr 7:24 Lu 4:26 and from this region many came forth to hear him preaching # Mr 3:8 Lu 6:17 From Sidon, at which the ship put in after leaving Caesarea, Paul finally sailed for Rome # Ac 27:3,4 This city is now a town of 20,000 inhabitants, with remains of walls built in the twelfth century A.D. In 1855 the sarcophagus of Eshmanezer was discovered. From a Phoenician inscription on its lid, it appears that he was a "king of the Sidonians," probably in the third century B.C., and that his mother was a priestess of Ashtoreth, "the goddess of the Sidonians." In this inscription Baal is mentioned as the chief god of the Sidonians.

Judges 2:13. And they forsook the Lord, and served Baal and Ashtaroth] two images, as the Arabic version adds; Baal, from whence Baalim, may signify the he deities of the Gentiles, as Jupiter, Hercules, &c. and Ashtaroth their female deities, as Juno, Venus, Diana, &c. the word is plural, and used for flocks of sheep, so called because they make the owners of them rich; and Kimchi and Ben Melech say these were images in the form of female sheep. Perhaps, as Baal may signify the sun, so Ashtaroth the moon, and the stars like flocks of sheep about her. Ashtaroth was the goddess of the Zidonians, #1Ki 11:5,33; the same with Astarte, the wife of Cronus or Ham, said to be the Phoenician or Syrian Venus. So Lucian says {r} there was a temple in Phoenicia, belonging to the Sidonians, which they say is the temple of Astarte; and, says he, I think that Astarte is the moon; and Astarte is both by the Phoenicians {s} and Grecians {t} said to be Venus, and was worshipped by the Syrians also, as Minutius Felix {u} and Tertullian {w} affirm; the same with Eostre, or Aestar, the Saxon goddess; hence to this day we call the passover Easter {x}, being in Eoster-month; and with Andraste, a goddess of the ancient Britains {y}. There were four of them, and therefore the Septuagint here uses the plural number Astartes; so called either from Asher, being reckoned "blessed" ones, or from Asheroth, the groves they were worshipped in; or from עש, "Ash", and תור, "Tor", the constellation Taurus or the bull; so Astarte by Sanchoniatho is said to put upon her head the head of a bull, as the token of her sovereignty; see Gill on "Ge 14:5".

Canaan :: 1. The fourth son of Ham # Ge 10:6 His descendants were under a curse in consequence of the transgression of his father # Ge 9:22-27 His eldest son, Zidon, was the father of the Sidonians and Phoenicians. He had eleven sons, who were the founders of as many tribes # Ge 10:15-18; 2. The country which derived its name from the preceding. The name as first used by the Phoenicians denoted only the maritime plain on which Sidon was built. But in the time of Moses and Joshua it denoted the whole country to the west of the Jordan and the Dead Sea # De 11:30. In # Jos 5:12 the LXX. read, "land of the Phoenicians," instead of "land of Canaan." The name signifies "the lowlands," as distinguished from the land of Gilead on the east of Jordan, which was a mountainous district. The extent and boundaries of Canaan are fully set forth in different parts of Scripture # Ge 10:19 17:8 Nu 13:29 34:8. See CANAANITES, PALESTINE, PHILISTIA, PHILISTINES, PHENICIA, TYRE, SYROPHENICIAN.

and Noah only remained [alive], and they that [were] with him in the ark; besides those, of the millions of mankind that were upon the earth, not one was left, the flood came and destroyed them all, #Lu 17:27 the fable some Jewish writers relate of Og being found alive, and which they gather from #De 3:11 by sitting upon a piece of wood of one of the ladders of the ark, to whom Noah reached out food every day, and so he remained alive {q}, deserves no regard; though perhaps from hence arose the Grecian fable of the flood of Ogyges, which seems to be the same with this of Noah (Genesis 7:23; John Gill's Expositor).

Strange and various are the fancies of the Jewish writers concerning this Eliezer; the Targum of Jonathan on #Ge 14:14 calls him the son of Nimrod; others say he was the grandson of Nimrod, and others, a servant of his, who gave him to Abram for a servant; and when Isaac married Rebekah he was made free, and through Abram’s influence became a king, and was Og king of Bashan {z}; and others say he was Canaan the son of Ham {a}; and others again, that he was Lot, who was very desirous of being Abram’s heir (Genesis 15:2; John Gill's Expositor).

Palestine, the country of the Philistines (1 Samuel 6:5; John Gill's Expositor).

all Phoenicia and Syria, called Palestine (Ezra 6:8; John Gill's Expositor).

the star of your god, which ye made to yourselves; or the star "your god" {q}; meaning the same with Chiun or Saturn; perhaps the same with the star that fell from the air or sky, mentioned by Sanchoniatho {r}; which Astarte, the wife of Chronus or Saturn, is said to take and consecrate in Tyre; this they made for themselves, and worshipped as a deity (Amos 5:26; John Gill's Expositor).

Palestine :: Originally denoted only the sea-coast of the land of Canaan inhabited by the Philistines # Ex 15:14 Isa 14:29,31 Joe 3:4 and in this sense exclusively the Hebrew name Pelesheth (rendered "Philistia" in) # Ps 60:8 83:7 87:4 108:9 occurs in the Old Testament. Not till a late period in Jewish history was this name used to denote "the land of the Hebrews" in general # Ge 40:15 It is also called: 1. "the holy land" # Zec 2:12; 2. the "land of Jehovah" # Ho 9:3 Ps 85:1; 3. the "land of promise" # Heb 11:9 because promised to Abraham # Ge 12:7 24:7; 4. the "land of Canaan" # Ge 12:5; 5. the "land of Israel" #1Sa 13:19; 6. and the "land of Judah" # Isa 19:17. The territory promised as an inheritance to the seed of Abraham # Ge 15:18-21 Nu 34:1-12 was bounded on the east by the river Euphrates, on the west by the Mediterranean, on the north by the "entrance of Hamath," and on the south by the "river of Egypt." This extent of territory, about 60,000 square miles, was at length conquered by David, and was ruled over also by his son Solomon #2Sa 8:1ff. #1Ch 18:1ff. #1Ki 4:1,21 This vast empire was the Promised Land; but Palestine was only a part of it, terminating in the north at the southern extremity of the Lebanon range, and in the south in the wilderness of Paran, thus extending in all to about 144 miles in length. Its average breadth was about 60 miles from the Mediterranean on the west to beyond the Jordan. It has fittingly been designated "the least of all lands." Western Palestine, on the south of Gaza, is only about 40 miles in breadth from the Mediterranean to the Dead Sea, narrowing gradually toward the north, where it is only 20 miles from the sea-coast to the Jordan. Palestine, "set in the midst" # Eze 5:5 of all other lands, is the most remarkable country on the face of the earth. From an early period the land was inhabited by the descendants of Canaan, who retained possession of the whole land "from Sidon to Gaza" till the time of the conquest by Joshua, when it was occupied by the twelve tribes. Two tribes and a half had their allotments given them by Moses on the east of the Jordan # De 3:12-20 comp. # Nu 1:17-46 Jos 4:12-13 The remaining tribes had their portion on the west of Jordan. From the conquest till the time of Saul, about four hundred years, the people were governed by judges. For a period of one hundred and twenty years the kingdom retained its unity while it was ruled by Saul and David and Solomon. &c...

5477 Χανααν Chanaan khan-ah-an’ - of Hebrew origin 03667 כנען; n pr loc - AV-Chanaan 2; 2; Canaan =" lowland"; 1) the land of Canaan; 2) in a narrower sense: the part of Palestine lying west of the Jordan; 3) in a wider sense: all of Palestine.

03667 כנען K@na‘an ken-ah’-an - from 03665, Greek 5477 Xanaan; TWOT-1002, 1002b; AV-Canaan 89, merchant 3, traffick 1, traffickers 1; 94; Canaan =" lowland"; 1) the 4th son of Ham and the progenitor of the Phoenicians and of the various nations who peopled the seacoast of Palestine; 2) the land west of the Jordan peopled by the descendants of Canaan and subsequently conquered by the Israelites under Joshua; 3) merchant, trader.

03665 כנע kana‘ kaw-nah’ - a primitive root; TWOT-1001; v - AV-humble 18, subdue 11, bring low 2, bring down 3, subjection 1, misc 1; 36; 1) to be humble, be humbled, be subdued, be brought down, be low, be under, be brought into subjection; 1a) (Niphal) 1a1) to humble oneself; 1a2) to be humbled, be subdued; 1b) (Hiphil) 1b1) to humble; 1b2) to subdue.

06429 פלשת P@lesheth pel-eh’-sheth - from 06428; ; n pr; AV-Palestina 3, Philistia 3, Philistine 1, Palestine 1; 8; Philistia = "land of sojourners"; 1) the general territory on the west coast of Canaan or the entire country of Palestine.

06428 פלש palash paw-lash’ - a primitive root; TWOT-1779; v; AV-wallow 3, roll 1, variant 1; 5; 1) to roll; 1a) (Hithpael) to roll in ashes or dust (as an act of mourning).

 • Jeremiah 6:26 O daughter of my people, gird thee with sackcloth, and wallow <06428> thyself in ashes: make thee mourning, as for an only son, most bitter lamentation: for the spoiler shall suddenly come upon us.
 • Jeremiah 25:34 Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow <06428> yourselves in the ashes, ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.
 • Ezekiel 27:30 And shall cause their voice to be heard against thee, and shall cry bitterly, and shall cast up dust upon their heads, they shall wallow <06428> themselves in the ashes:
 • Micah 1:10 Declare ye it not at Gath, weep ye not at all: in the house of Aphrah roll <06428> (8690-Hithpael, Imperative) (8675-Kethiv Reading) <06428> (8694-Hithpael, Perfect) thyself in the dust.

Gath :: A wine-vat, one of the five royal cities of the Philistines # Jos 13:3 on which the ark brought calamity #1Sa 5:8,9 6:17 It was famous also as being the birthplace or residence of Goliath #1Sa 17:4 David fled from Saul to Achish, king of Gath #1Sa 21:10 27:2-4 Ps 56:1 and his connection with it will account for the words in #2Sa 1:20 It was afterwards conquered by David #2Sa 8:1 It occupied a strong position on the borders of Judah and Philistia #1Sa 21:10 1Ch 18:1 Its site has been identified with the hill called Tell esSafieh, the Alba Specula of the Middle Ages, which rises 695 feet above the plain on its east edge. It is noticed on monuments about B.C. 1500. See METHEGAMMAH (biblical curiosities).

 • Exodus 15:14 The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina <06429>.
 • Psalms 60:8 Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia <06429>, triumph thou because of me.
 • Psalms 83:7 Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines <06429> with the inhabitants of Tyre;
 • Psalms 87:4 I will make mention of Rahab and Babylon to them that know me: behold Philistia <06429>, and Tyre, with Ethiopia; this man was born there.
 • Psalms 108:9 Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia <06429> will I triumph.
 • Isaiah 14:29 Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina <06429>, because the rod of him that smote thee is broken: for out of the serpent’s root shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent.
 • Isaiah 14:31 Howl, O gate; cry, O city; thou, whole Palestina <06429>, art dissolved: for there shall come from the north a smoke, and none shall be alone in his appointed times.
 • Joel 3:4 Yea, and what have ye to do with me, O Tyre, and Zidon, and all the coasts of Palestine <06429>? will ye render me a recompence? and if ye recompense me, swiftly and speedily will I return your recompence upon your own head.

main industry of Phoenicia: purple dye from the murex sea-mollusk.

Phoenicia also appears as Phenice and Phenicia. These people were Canaanites, and in the 9th cent. B.C. the Greeks gave the new appellation Phoenicians to those Canaanites who lived on the seacoast and traded with the Greeks. The geographic boundaries of the territory are vague, and the name Phoenicia may be applied to all those places on the shores of the E Mediterranean where the Phoenicians established colonies. More often it refers to the heart of the territory where the great Phoenician cities, notably Tyre and Sidon, stood (corresponding roughly to the coast of present-day Lebanon).

At Aphaca in Syria, where there was a famous temple of Astarte, the signal for the celebration of the rites was apparently given by the flashing of a meteor, which on a certain day fell like a star from the top of Mount Lebanon into the river Adonis. The meteor was thought to be Astarte herself, and its flight through the air might naturally be interpreted as the descent of the amorous goddess to the arms of her lover.

the Mithraic religion proved a formidable rival to Christianity, combining as it did a solemn ritual with aspirations after moral purity and a hope of immortality. Indeed the issue of the conflict between the two faiths appears for a time to have hung in the balance.

I lov'd her and-destroy'd her —Manfred, Lord Byron

For in the early days of Egyptian history, some three or four thousand years before the beginning of our era, the splendid star of Sirius, the brightest of all the fixed stars, appeared at dawn in the east just before sunrise about the time of the summer solstice, when the Nile begins to rise. The Egyptians called it Sothis, and regarded it as the star of Isis, just as the Babylonians deemed the planet Venus the star of Astarte.

Of the two cities Byblus was the more ancient; indeed it claimed to be the oldest city in Phoenicia, and to have been founded in the early ages of the world by the great god El, whom Greeks and Romans identified with Cronus and Saturn respectively. However that may have been, in historical times it ranked as a holy place, the religious capital of the country, the Mecca or Jerusalem of the Phoenicians. The city stood on a height beside the sea, and contained a great sanctuary of Astarte, where in the midst of a spacious open court, surrounded by cloisters and approached from below by staircases, rose a tall cone or obelisk, the holy image of the goddess.

the great Syrian Astarte of Hierapolis, whose sanctuary, frequented by swarms of pilgrims and enriched by the offerings of Assyria and Babylonia, of Arabia and Phoenicia, was perhaps in the days of its glory the most popular in the East.

In Phrygia and Lydia she was known as Cybele; among the Babylonians and Assyrians she was identified as Ishtar; in Syria and Palestine she appeared as Astarte; among the Egyptians she was called Isis; in Greece she was variously worshiped as Gaea, Hera, Rhea, Aphrodite, and Demeter; and in Rome she was identified as Maia, Ops, Tellus, and Ceres. Even this listing, however, is by no means complete.

Liber 49:28 :: "The Astarte working, with music and feasting, with wine and all arts of love" [+]

Tags: astarte
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