March 19th, 2006


Asteroid #68448-SIDNEYWOLFF

Sidney C. Wolff, the Director of the National Optical Astronomy Observatories (NOAO), is the first woman to head a major observatory in the United States. NOAO, which includes the Kitt Peak National Observatory in Arizona, the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory in Chile, and the National Solar Observatory with facilities at Sacramento Peak, New Mexico and Kitt Peak, is a national astronomy facility in the U.S. open to astronomers around the country on a competitive basis. Wolff has earned international recognition for her research on stellar atmospheres and the evolution, formation, and composition of stars, with an emphasis on A-type stars. She is currently studying disks of gas and dust that form around young stars, and trying to determine how often those disks evolve into planets orbiting the stars.

After receiving her Ph.D. degree from the University of California at Berkeley, Wolff joined the Institute for Astronomy at the University of Hawaii. During the 17 years she spent in Hawaii, including a stint as Acting Directory, the Institute developed the 14,000-foot summit of Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano on the island of Hawaii, into the world's premier site for ground-based astronomy. The facilities on Mauna Kea include telescopes from Canada, France, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Japan as well as the United States. In 1984, she was named Director of the Kitt Peak National Observatory, and three years later she become Director of NOAO, She has recently taken leave from NOAO to serve as Acting Director of the Gemini Project, and international collaboration to build two eight-meter telescopes.

Wolff's interest in astronomy was sparked by a third grade spelling lesson that included astronomical terms. She became fascinated by the subject and read all kinds of books about astronomy. Her father, a businessman, insisted that she take as much math in high school as she could, which gave her the basis she needed to study astronomy in college, something many girls who had not taken as much math had trouble doing. In her sophomore year at Carleton College in Minnesota, she had to decide between a major in astronomy or in Latin. Astronomy won, a decision she has never regretted. Wolff is co-author of three widely used introductory-level astronomy textbooks for college students. She serves as President of the A.S.P. [Astronomical Society of the Pacific] in 1985 and 1986, and was elected President of the American Astronomical Society in 1992. In both cases, she was only the second woman to hold the position. (Courtesy NOAO).

© 1992 Astronomical Society of the Pacific

Wolff is currently a staff astronomer at the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO).

 • NOAO Astronomer Sidney Wolff Awarded Education Prize by American Astronomical Society


Asteroid #5674-WOLFF

while collecting cosmology-related asteroids here, came across Milo Wolff & asteroid #5674-WOLFF. unfortunately, cannot determine who the asteroid named for (best guess, Christian Wolff). (like WOLF-related asteroids coz #827-WOLFIANA named after Max Wolf). don't think WOLFF named after Milo Wolff, but thought Wave Structure of Matter interesting. at the same time found 1983 sci-fi film Spacehunter: Adventures in the Forbidden Zone with a character named Wolf (& a plague) & asteroid #68448-SIDNEYWOLFF. plus, Helic Republic & Heinz Wolff as prototype for the "mad scientist" seemed hypersitionally rich.

sorting this out today found more info for Sidney Wolff & a list of Wolffs. additionally, the other day found asteroid named #323-BRUCIA that i was thinking of using for Carlie Brucia (i have an 11-year old niece). forgot BRUCIA named for Catherine Wolfe Bruce — the Bruce Medal awarded by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific (Sidney Wolff a former president).

so #5674-WOLFF works like a wildcard on 827 List (in cojunction with #68448-SIDNEYWOLFF) & represents WOLF-related asteroids or concepts (eg, Wulf points to #2675-TOLKIEN, #7056-KIERKEGAARD & concepts related to language, philosophy, norse mythology, etc & werewolf).

 • Caspar Friedrich Wolff :: one of embryology founders; University of Halle dissertation "Theoria Generationis" supported the theory of Epigenesis (creative intelligences); associate of Leonhard Euler; discoverer of the primitive kidneys (mesonephros), or "Wolffian bodies" and its excretory ducts; hyperphysical agent; germ layers in the embryo.

 • Charles Wolff :: American astronomer; Goddard, atmospherics, lunar colonization)

 • Christian Wolff :: German philosopher (born in Breslau, Silesia); most eminent German philosopher between Leibniz & Kant; represents the peak of Enlightenment rationality in Germany; established German as the language of scholarly instruction and research; founding father of, among other fields, economics and public administration as academic disciplines. He concentrated especially in these fields, giving advice on practical matters to people in government, and stressing the professional nature of university education; Continental European thinker both in form and content, his work is said to have had a strong impact on the American Declaration of Independence; professor of mathematics & natural philosophy at the University of Halle; Halle was the headquarters of Pietism; Wolff delivered an oration "On the Practical Philosophy of the Chinese" praising the precepts of Confucius as evidence of the power of human reason to attain by its own efforts to moral truth — Wolff ousted from Halle in one of the most celebrated academic dramas of the 18th century.

 • Frank Wolff :: fictional scientist in The Adventures of Tintin series.

 • Franklin Merrell-Wolff :: American mystical philosopher; studied philosophy & mathematics at Stanford & Harvard; goal of transcending the normal limits of human consciousness; followed the path of jnana yoga & writings of Shankara

 • Henry Drummond Wolff :: English-Jewish diplomat & Conservative politician; 1885 special mission to Constantinople in connection with the Egyptian question & Sultan's suzerainty; minister to Teheran; ambassador at Madrid; helping found the Primrose League to spread Conservative principles in Great Britain; Churchill stated the League had one million paid up members "determined to promote the cause of Toryism"; after 121 years, the Primrose League was finally wound up.

 • Karl Wolff :: high-ranking member of the Nazi SS (Schutzstaffel, "defense squadron") as SS-Obergruppenführer (Senior Group Leader; highest SS-General rank until 1942, when SS created SS-Oberstgruppenführer rank) & General of the Waffen-SS ("Armed SS"; condemned as a criminal organisation during Nuremberg Trials due to overwhelming participation in atrocities; three objectives during training; physical fitness, small-arms proficiency & political indoctrination); Wolff tried twice by German courts serving one week of a 4-year sentence & tried/convicted later of deporting 300,000 Jews to Treblinka serving only part of a 15-year sentence; "Wolff has been a controversial figure because many believe he was far more privy to the internal workings of the SS and its extermination activities than he acknowledged. In fact, he claimed to have known nothing about the extermination camps, even though he was the number two man in the SS".

 • Milo Wolff :: American physicist; "found the structure of the electron consisting of two spherical quantum waves, one moving radially outward and another moving radially inward. The center of the waves is the nominal location of the electron 'particle'. These waves extend to infinity, like charge force. All 'particle' waves in the Universe contribute to each others amplitude thus all matter of the universe is interrelated and inter-connected . The natural laws are a consequence of this Wave Structure of Matter (WSM), thus WSM underlies all science."

 • Robert Paul Wolff :: radical twentieth century political philosopher who criticizes both conservative and liberal currents of thought; advocacy of unanimous consent democracy; pointed out the inconsistencies rife in twentieth century liberal and conservative doctrines; argues universities should be governed by faculty & students; distinguished as a white man who transitioned from a university philosophy department to a department of Afro-American studies, which is chronicled and discussed in his book Autobiography of an Ex-White Man: Learning a New Master Narrative for America.

 • Stefan Wolff :: German political scientist living in the United Kingdom; specialist in international security, particularly in the management, settlement and prevention of ethnic conflicts. also :: The Saltmen Of Tibet (musical score by composer Stefan Wolff; Heaven and Earth, in Mounds of Salt).

#9762-HERMANHESSE (827 List) :: SUBDECADANCE [09 ~ GEMINI 20°-29°] MESH-11: TUKKAMU : Occulturation ~ Net-Span 5::1 : Decadology {C/TP-#3 MJ- [3S]} Cyclic Chronodemon of Pathogenesis; Prowls Sink-Current; Optimal maturation (medicine as diffuse healing); Rapid deterioration (putrefaction, catabolism).

Haller selbst versteht sich als zweigeteiltes Wesen; halb Mensch, halb Steppenwolf. Ist er menschlich (mitfühlend, kulturvoll ...) so verspottet ihn der Steppenwolf, ist er hingegen wölfisch (durchsetzungsstark, triebhaft ...), so verachtet ihn der Mensch. Linderung von seinem als unbefriedigend empfundenen Leben verschafft ihm der Gedanke an Erlösung durch Selbstmord. Sollte sich bis zu seinem 50. Geburtstag nichts ändern, so will er mit dem Rasiermesser Hand an sich legen. In einer wunderlichen Begegnung mit einem Fremden wird ihm ein Büchlein mit dem "Tractat des Steppenwolfs" gegeben, in dem ein scheinbar Außenstehender kühl und objektiv die innere Zerrissenheit des Steppenwolfs analysiert. {Der Steppenwolf}


I like to dream yes, yes, right between my sound machine; On a cloud of sound I drift in the night; Any place it goes is right; Goes far, flies near, to the stars away from here; Well, you don't know what we can find; Why don't you come with me little girl; On a magic carpet ride; You don't know what we can see; Why don't you tell your dreams to me; Fantasy will set you free. {Magic Carpet Ride : Steppenwolf}

#3452-HAWKE (827 List) :: SUBDECADANCE [12 ~ CANCER 20°-29°] MESH-32: NUMKO (Old Nuk) : Keeper of Old Terrors ~ Net-Span 8::4 : Decadology {C/TP-#3 MN+ [3H]} Cyclic Chronodemon of Autochthony; Prowls Sink-Current; Necrospeleology (abysmal patience rewarded); Subduction (and carnivorous fish); Vulcanism (and bacterial intelligence).

You can see my eyes are lupine; The liquid golden fires glare; My loping walk, my slinking spine; Are signs that there is something there; The way my nostrils flare for odour; The way my ears prick up for sound; My hair's electrically aware; Tells me things for miles around; I am a man-wolf, I am a wolf man; I have half a canine mind; I have half the mind of a man; I am neither of one kind; Maybe it was only an hallucination; I'm no stranger to such things; I made a thorough investigation; The image had a power that clings; To my jaded imagination; My brain has found the bells it rings. {Steppenwolf : Hawkwind}

 • Thomas Wolff :: "noted mathematician, working primarily in the fields of harmonic analysis, complex analysis, and partial differential equations. As an undergraduate at Harvard University he regularly played poker with his classmate Bill Gates. While a graduate student at the University of California, Berkeley from 1976 to 1979, under the direction of Donald Sarason, he obtained a new proof of the corona theorem, a famously difficult theorem in complex analysis. He was made Professor of Mathematics at Caltech in 1986, and was there from 1988-1992 and from 1995 to his death in a car accident in 2000. He also held positions at the University of Washington, University of Chicago, New York University, and University of California, Berkeley. He received the Salem Prize in 1985 and the Bôcher Memorial Prize in 1999 (announcement-pdf), for his contributions to analysis and particularly to the Kakeya conjecture."

Citation :: "Tom Wolff is awarded the Bôcher Prize for his work in harmonic analysis, notably the work presented in his papers “A Kakeya type problem for circles”, Amer. J. Math. 119 (1997), 985–1026, and “An improved bound for Kakeya type maximal functions”, Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana 11 (1995), 651–674. The techniques presented there represent an important contribution to our understanding of the structure of subsets of Euclidean space, involving the interplay between geometric measure theory and harmonic analysis. The award is also made in acknowledgement of Wolff’s work on harmonic measure and unique continuation, including in particular Counterexamples with harmonic gradients in R, Princeton Math. Ser., vol. 42, Princeton University Press, 1995, 321–384.

past Bôcher Prize winners include John von Neumann (1938; #6351-NEUMANN), & Norbert Wiener (1933; #18182-WIENER).

"Bôcher's theorem (Maxime Bôcher) states that the finite zeros of the derivative r'(z) of a nonconstant rational function r(z) that are not multiple zeros of r(z) are the positions of equilibrium in the field of force due to particles of positive mass at the zeros of r(z) and particles of negative mass at the poles of r(z), with masses numerically equal to the respective multiplicities, where each particle repels with a force equal to the mass times the inverse distance."

 • Wolff-Kishner reduction :: chemical reaction that fully reduces a ketone (or aldehyde) to an alkane. lot of science worth checking out (ketone, aldehyde, alkane, hydrazone, hydride).

» ketone :: spectroscopy used to identify; stabilizes degradation of perfumes & paints; important fuel for many tissues, especially during fasting & starvation; Veech refers to ketones as "magic", increasing metobolic efficiency; heart & brain operate 25% more efficiently.

» aldehyde :: "Treating aldehydes with NH3 derivatives (like NH2OH, H2NNH2, 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine) will result in the formation of an oxime or hydrazone. This is classed as an addition-elimination reaction or addition-condensation reaction. If the simple hydrazone (RCH=NHNH2) of an aldehyde is heated with a base such as KOH, the terminal carbon is fully reduced via the Wolff-Kishner reaction to a methyl group. The Wolff-Kishner reaction may be performed as a one-pot reaction, giving the overall conversion RCH=O ? RCH3."

» alkane :: aka paraffin (Latin parum (= barely) + affinis; "lacking affinity", or "lacking reactivity"); methane, ethane, propane, butane are alkanes; important raw materials of the chemical industry; most important fuels of the world economy; gas & oil the commercial sources for alkanes; occur on Earth & solar system: Earth's atmosphere, produced primarily by forms of Archaea (aka, Archaebacteria; with Eukaryotes & Bacteria, part of three-domain system; single-cell organisms lacking nuclei classified as prokaryotes; see Carl Woese); detected in Comet Hyakutake's tail, carbonaceous chondrites & outer gas planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus & Neptune; many of the graphics used in these wiki articles extremely suggestive of Badiou's Knot: W-K Reduction Scheme (final stage), Ch4-hybridisation & Ch4-structure.

» hydride :: compounds (usually simple binary) involving hydrogen in direct bond with another element; Interstitial hydrides of the Transitional metals.

» hydride shifts :: hydrogen atom moves from one atom to adjacent atom; 1,2-Hydride Shifts (carbocation) & 1,5-Hydride shift in Wolff-Kishner reduction:

"Evidently, under alkaline conditions, first a hydride ion undergoes an intramolecular transfer from the C-26 CH(2)OH group to the C-22 ketone in 1, and then the phenylhydrazine traps the newly formed aldehyde. To examine this hypothesis, we constructed computer-simulated transition state models from quantum chemical calculations and then compared data from these models with NMR measurements of the reaction mixtures containing 2. The NMR data showed that the C-22 diastereoisomers of 2 are formed in a nearly 1:1 ratio exactly as predicted from the energy-optimized transition states, which were calculated for intramolecular 1,5-hydride shifts that produced each of the two C-22 diastereoisomers. Accordingly, these results support the hypothesis that an intramolecular 1,5-hydride shift mechanism promotes complete conversion of 1 to 2 under classical Wolff-Kishner reduction conditions." (see: KOH).

 • Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome :: pre-excitation syndrome; abnormal atrio-ventricular conduction along a pathway termed the bundle of Kent. The incidence of WPW syndrome is between 0.1 and 3 % of the general population. While the vast majority of individuals with WPW syndrome remain asymptomatic throughout their entire lives, there is a risk of sudden death. (see: Kent, "the Garden of England", where Dickens, Darwin & Churchill lived; Thanet "one of the most disadvantaged areas in the south-east of England").

 • Helic Republic :: fictional nation from Zoids universe; "The Helic army fled to the Eastern Continent where they came into contact with the remnants of the Guylos Empire and the ZOITEC corporation. The Republic built a new army and, in ZAC 2109, invaded the continent, driving towards their capital. The Helic forces engaged the Zenebas army, the two sides being evenly matched. However, Emperor Wolff Muaroa's Energy Liger was badly damaged and threatened to explode, which would have destroyed both armies and the entire city. He was saved, however, by a Republic Liger Zero Falcon which managed to channel the energy from his Zoid's core and disperse it in a massive beam. Wishing to avoid any further conflict, Wolff Muaroa withdrew the Neo-Zenebas forces from the city, allowing the Republic to reclaim it."

 • Titius-Bode Law :: "The Titius-Bode law or sometimes termed just Bode's law is the observation that orbits of planets in the solar system closely follow a simple geometric rule. It was discovered in 1766 by Johann Daniel Titius (#1998-TITIUS) and "published" without attribution in 1772 by Johann Elert Bode (#998-BODEA), thus the name. However, some say it was first proposed by Christian Wolff in 1724."

 • 2005 INTEL STS: Team Projects - Presented by Ricoh (First Award of $3,000) — MI304 The Isolation of Antibiotic-like Proteins from Insect Larvae of Musca domestica, Housefly Maggots, and Three Other Species of Insects. Shana Marie Wolff (#21814-SHANAWOLFF), 15 & Elizabeth Jean Cochran (#21513-BETHCOCHRAN), 15, Cheyenne Central High School, Cheyenne, Wyoming.

"Their experiment studied protein levels in insects. They wanted to find out if maggots produced antibiotic-like secretions that protect them from bacteria. "Since we live in Wyoming, you do see dead bodies," Wolff said, referring to dead birds and animal victims of road kills. "You know they're infested with bacteria. If you touch them with an open sore, you'll be infested with a bacteria." The two 15-year-olds wondered how maggots somehow manage to live in conditions that are surrounded by bacteria. They studied four species of flies' larvae. They found that the common housefly does emit some secretion that gives it a zone of protection. But whether it's protein or antibiotics is something they have to find out and will continue to study. "From what we've heard, maggots have been used to debride wounds," Wolff, a 10th-grader at Cheyenne's Central High, said. Wolff said the judges hadn't thought much about the positive powers of maggots before and found the experiment interesting. "No one has really looked into it because maggots are considered disgusting," she said. Cochran, who attends McCormick Junior High, said their work could help in the medical field. The two scientists plan to continue their research. "We want to get elbow-deep in cool, disgusting stuff," Wolff said." {Out-of-this-world awards for teens}


La Frontera Invisible

The Collaboratory

We collaborate here...definition: "In the mediatrix, you throw yourself to others. You create through others. The media philosopher realizes painfully that she must sacrifice her beloved cogito, her cherished institutionalism, her age-old desire for total control to a communal process-in-the-making" (Mark Taylor_Esa Saarinen, _Imagologies_ 8)

Collaboratory, as defined by William Wulf in 1989, is a “center without walls, in which the nation’s researchers can perform their research without regard to physical location, interacting with colleagues, accessing instrumentation, sharing data and computational resources, [and] accessing information in digital libraries” (Wulf, 1989, as cited in Cogburn, 2003, pp. 85-86).

Bly (1998) refines the definition to “a system which combines the interests of the scientific community at large with those of the computer science and engineering community to create integrated, tool-oriented computing and communication systems to support scientific collaboration” (Bly, 1998, p. 31).

Rosenberg (1991) considers a collaboratory as being an experimental and empirical research environment in which scientists work and communicate with each other to design systems, participate in collaborative science, and conduct experiments to evaluate and improve systems.

A simplified form of these definitions would describe the collaboratory as being an environment where participants make use of computing and communication technologies to access shared instruments and data, as well as to communicate with others. However, a wide-ranging definition is provided by Cogburn (2003) who states that “a collaboratory is more that an elaborate collection of information and communications technologies; it is a new networked organizational form that also includes social processes; collaboration techniques; formal and informal communication; and agreement on norms, principles, values, and rules” (Cogburn, 2003, p. 86).

@create $thing called peace

carry peace
place peace in a room designed for that purpose.
Please spread the word and @create $thing called peace.
»les cités obscures«



Imagologies is an enormous stack of slogans, statements, oracles, confessionals, questions and ukases about the role of the (new, mostly) media. The bits of text are often only a few lines long and impossible to assemble into one narrative. Because the book is printed and bound, an order is imposed, but it is rather an arbitrary one. Today's reader, after all, is used to reading books in every way except from front to back, so one adjusts quite easily to Imagologies. Unfortunately there is no index, an instrument that somewhat eases criss-cross reading + Esa Saarinen suggests a somewhat different tactic: Shock-effect reading, that is what I would recommend. Hypertextual reading, in the sense in which you jump around at will in a given textmass, not necessarily intending to grasp the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. Instead, you just pump gas in your engine. He has also used this principle in his classes, with what he calls 'excellent results', because the students care as little for reading as he does himself. He works as follows: students are given a photocopy of a random page from a random book and must let the book inspire them to comment upon it. Through the limitation of that one photocopy it becomes possible to set aside the 'real' context of the text and to concentrate on one paragraph. Freed of the excess baggage formed by the complete book, it becomes much simpler to generate commentary as a reader; or, better yet, to write further + Nonlinear, fragmentary and jumpy though the book may be, a series of ideas are developed here into theoretical concepts and commentaries. The most important is 'imagologies', for which the book is named. The basis of this concept consists of the observation that since image has displaced print as the primary medium for discourse, the public use of reason can no longer be limited to print culture. To be effective, writing must become imagoscription that is available to everyone.


communism is a defining moment of double articulation; it is a moment of reinforcement, of repetition or redundancy production. It finds its distorted reversal in the ‘password’, inherent in every retrograde as its potentials for breaking open new zones of relations, rather than reaffirming (helping to lock in) the relations already in place. a crossover point not only for fiction and theory, but for everything that either doesn't know its place or is in the process of escaping it. whatever is emerging where authority is getting lost and middle men are being made redundant. the redundancy of the semiology is clearly visible in the machineries which give the teleonomic their force, that are the preconditions of those phrases being attached to those meanings in the first place. there is no one founding point or principle to be arrived at, though the zeitgeist has emerged as the locus of switchings between these paths, constitutive of both sub- and inter-personal levels.

the order-word assemblage
[1] [TRANS: Mot d'ordre: in standard French, "slogan," (military) "password." Deleuze and Guattari are also using the term literally: "word of order," in the double sense of a word or phrase constituting a command and a word or phrase creative of order.]

When the schoolmistress instructs her students on a rule of grammar or arithmetic, she is not informing them, any more than she is informing herself when she questions a student. She does not so much instruct as "insign," give orders or commands. A teacher's commands are not external or additional to what he or she teaches us. They do not flow from primary significations or result from information: an order always and already concerns prior orders, which is why ordering is redundancy. The compulsory education machine does not communicate information; it imposes upon the child semiotic coordinates possessing all of the dual foundations of grammar (masculine-feminine, singular-plural, noun-verb, subject of the statement-subject of enunciation, etc.). The elmentary unit of language—the statement—is the order-word.[1] Rather than common sense, a faculty for the centralization of information, we must define an abominable faculty consisting in emitting, receiving, and transmitting order-words. Language is made not to be believed but to be obeyed, and to compel obedience.

A rule of grammar is a power marker before it is a syntactical marker.

Looking Away

Television companies possess extremely precise technical knowledge about this boundary and respect it less as an ethical taboo than they fear it as that fine line which, when crossed, leaves the viewer at a sudden loss for a pretext for watching. Images of manhunts and murder can only be comprehended up to a certain point with concepts. Then, the camera eye insistently focused on the mob or the marauding military legitimizes itself as a duty of testimony, is declared information, moral appeal. That outrage over injustice can only be invoked by means of vivid imagery is a thesis that has been tirelessly repeated ever since the war images from Vietnam plunged the American public into turmoil. And after the Signal Corps of the American army systematically photographed the liberated concentration camps in order to coerce the German populace into acknowledging the facts, the documentary image became an authority of historical judgment. Photography alone can develop sufficient power of evidence to portray the inconceivable. Even when the images have become spent and the possibilities of digital manipulation have rendered that evidence relative: the public judgment on violence is decided through the image, which makes a kind of consensus on faraway terrors possible.

The documentary photographer thereby becomes a designer of political allegories. He has to transform horrible occurrences into pleasurable lucidity. The more his image's aesthetic brilliance absorbs the violence it contains, the more suitable it is for high-gloss print. Political documentary photographs are mannerist. It is their theatrical stylization alone that integrates them into the procession of consumable illustrations. Their dramatic density saves the viewer time, while the image itself signifies a summary of events. For this reason, the war photographs of the documentary artistes in the larger press agencies constitute the very opposite of a firsthand observation. They are always entire, sentence-long statements - and not the representative moments in the larger chains of events that the ideology of classical war coverage claimed them to be. They redirect the gaze to an aesthetic gesture, by means of which the documentary photographer distills a unique peculiarity from the terror. Rhetorical finesse thus enables one to overcome the horror. At the same time, a competition over the iconography of evidence arises, as though the most conclusive visual vocabulary offered proof of the most real horror, or as though the most credible evidence grew out of the most beautiful image.

As is the case with pornography, a return to the amateur picture marks a temporary last stage in this evolution of stylization. Dramatization, when continuously overbid, evokes disgust. The mannerisms of a factuality that is professionally staged can only be surpassed by a rhetoric of the latest testimony. The image from inside the event, presented as an eyewitness' legacy, becomes especially precious. This video image, rendered shaky by the sheer pace of an unfolding occurrence, can provide the later consumer with the fantasy of really being there. If he were to be relocated to the site of the action, images of this sort would be the form of visual document he himself would have recourse to. Liberated from its professional staging, the image gives the illusion of unedited presence; it suggests direct involvement, as though in a natural disaster.

Victor Horta

John Julius Norwich described Belgian architect Victor Horta as "undoubtedly the key European Art Nouveau architect". Born in Ghent, he was first attracted to the architectural profession when he helped his uncle on a building site at the age of twelve. He studied in Ghent, but left to become an interior designer living in Montmartre in Paris. There, he was inspired by the emerging impressionist and pointillist artists, and also by the possibilities of working in steel and glass + By 1885, Horta was working on his own, and designed three houses which were built that year. He then decided to avoid residential work for wealthy clients and instead devoted himself to competitions for public work, including statuary and even tombs. He focused on the curvature of his designs, believing that the forms he produced were highly practical and not artistic affectations. During this period, Horta socialised widely and joined the freemasons. This ensured a stream of clients when he returned to designing housing and shops from 1893 + After Art Nouveau lost favor, many of Horta's buildings were destroyed, most notably the Maison du Peuple (1896-1909) built for the progressive political party, the Parti Ouvrier Belge and demolished in 1965. Four of his private houses (hôtels) were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site: Hôtel Tassel, Hôtel Solvay, Hôtel van Eetvelde & Maison and Atelier Horta (now the Horta Museum) + Belgian comic book artist & writer François Schuiten & Benoît Peeters restored the Maison Autrique + asteroid #2913-HORTA named in his honor.

asteroid #2913-HORTA discovered 12-Oct-1931 by Belgian astronomer Eugène Delporte + Notable discoveries include 1221 AMOR (Amor asteroid family prototype), Apollo asteroid 2101 ADONIS and MAXIMILIANA, APHRODITE, BOURGEOIS & WARCK + In 1930 he fixed the modern boundaries between all of the constellations in the sky, along lines of right ascension and declination for the epoch B1875.0 + asteroid #1274-DELPORTIA named in his honor.









We no longer collect the Carrier but the Information

Conservation is more than simply downloading gigabytes of information onto a more durable carrier, it also means finding solutions for the uncovering of hundreds of thousands of messages, so that the fisherman in this ocean of information can also catch something edible in his nets.The existing tools, such as archie, gopher and veronica, cannot cope with such quantities. It is a matter of applying the traditional methods of imparting information to these enormous digital information pools, by means of automatic and semi-automatic methods. Moreover, we will set up an archive of electronic documents on the conflict in the former Yugoslavia, with the intention of publishing it on CD-ROM. It is no longer important by which carrier one generation eventually passes on its information to the next. We no longer collect the carriers, clay tablets, books or floppies, just the information.

Las Ciudades Oscuras

"La frontera se mueve sin cesar, cambia tanto que se ha vuelto invisible…" —Mariscal Radisic

Nostalgia por los antiguos métodos, las arraigadas técnicas contraviniendo intereses políticos y una particular relación de amor por "los mapas" se puede ver en esta entrega de "Las ciudades oscuras". El leit motiv se encuentra en la cartografía y la necesidad de fijar límites, ya sea para ver hasta dónde podemos extender los reinos, hasta dónde alcanza nuestro mundo, nuestro poder y nuestros sueños. La historia comienza mostrándonos a Roland de Cremer, cartógrafo no titulado, llegando a la ciudad de Sodrovni, donde se encuentra el centro de cartografía de las ciudades oscuras, una cúpula de piedra, amarilla e inexpugnable en medio de un páramo sofocante, producto de ráfagas de viento cálido provenientes del desierto de los somonitas. "Lo que más me pesa es esta atmósfera confinada", piensa en un momento el protagonista, ilustrando así la situación de abandono del lugar.

Inexpugnable, decía, y de mayor dificultad aún el arribo para el protagonista, ya que paradójicamente, siendo estudiante de cartografía y proviniendo de una ilustre familia ligada a la actividad, goza de un pésimo sentido de orientación. En este álbum los autores vuelven a sumergirnos en su universo imaginario con gran virtud, creando atmósferas inquietantes tanto a nivel narrativo y visual. Llenando de detalles el relato, los que inevitablemente evocan de manera sutil aspectos reconocibles de la sociedad moderna. No en vano sus autores señalan: "ciertas ciudades son de otra parte con referencia explícita a ciudades que nosotros conocemos bien, cómo son el caso de Brüsel y Parhy".

Cito al comienzo del artículo al mariscal Radisic, personaje que representa a un político de las ciudades oscuras que llega a hacerse cargo del centro cartográfico, imponiendo un nuevo ritmo y visión. El mariscal pide acelerar los trabajos de tratamiento de datos y, de paso, limitar el trabajo de análisis: "¡Adiós a los mapas de precipitaciones, de caza y de cultivos!, ¡adiós a los mapas de rumores y de creencias!, ¡paso a los datos materiales, a los elementos más visibles!".