November 27th, 2005


David Hudson & White Powder Gold

for more info about David Hudson's discoveries, highly recommend Barry Carter's site Subtle Energies. best intro to the subject is one of David Hudson's lectures (quotes below). short intro: David Hudson - The white powder gold.

one idea i've explored is the eternal flame; specifically, the sacred fire (its extinction being considered as the most fearful of all prodigies, and emblemate of the extinction of the state) of the Vestals in Rome who also guarded the Palladium. i see connections with the platinum group of medals, benzene ring & the flames mentioned in the Enochian Keys. {LJ Links :: Enochian Flames : Amplex® Red Reagent : february 20th : OLUN : benzene}.

David Hudson, British Patent

Non-Metallic, Monoatomic Forms of Transition Elements

This invention relates to the monoatomic forms of certain transition and noble metal elements, namely, gold, silver, copper, cobalt, nickel and the six platinum group elements. More particularly, this invention relates to the separation of the aforesaid transition and noble metal elements from naturally occurring materials in their orbitally rearranged monoatomic forms, and to the preparation of the aforesaid transition and noble metal elements in their orbitally rearranged monoatomic forms from their commercial metallic forms. The materials of this invention are stable, substantially pure, non-metallic-like forms of the aforesaid transition and noble metal elements, and have a hereto unknown electron orbital rearrangement in the "d", "s", and vacant "p" orbitals. The electron rearrangement bestows upon the monoatomic elements unique electronic, chemical, magnetic, and physical properties which have commercial application.

This invention also relates to the recovery of the metallic form of each of the aforesaid transition and noble metal elements from the orbitally rearranged monoatomic forms.

For the purposes of this application, the following definitions shall apply: transition elements ("T-metals") means the metallic or cationic form of gold, silver, copper, cobalt and nickel, and the six platinum group elements, i.e., platinum, palladium, rhodium, iridium, ruthenium, and osmium; and "ORME" means the Orbitally Rearranged Monoatomic Elemental forms of each of the T-metals.

ORMUS - What is it?

In the late 1970s an Arizona farmer named David Hudson noticed some very strange materials as he was doing some gold mining on his land. Hudson spent several million dollars over the following decade figuring out how to obtain and work with these strange materials. In 1989 David Hudson was granted patents on these materials and methods for obtaining them ... The materials that David Hudson discovered appear to be related to ... concepts of modern physics like superconductivity, quantum coherence and Bose-Einstein condensates ... These materials have been called ORMEs, monoatomic gold, white gold, white powder gold, ORMUS, m-state, AuM, microclusters, and manna. David Hudson calls the materials he found Orbitally Rearranged Monoatomic Elements or ORMEs. He also refers to them as monoatomic elements in a high-spin state.

Since Hudson has patented his process for obtaining and identifying these elements, and since it has not been conclusively established whether these materials are monatomic or diatomic, it is recommended that the terms ORMUS and m-state be used when referring to these materials.

Superconductivity and Modern Alchemy

Transcript of a February 1995 introductory lecture and workshop by David Hudson in Dallas, Texas. Transcribed from the video tapes which were recorded by The Eclectic Viewpoint on February 10 and 11, 1995. (See Hudson's Presentations).

Basically this is the story of my quest for this material. To get an understanding of it, to be able to explain what it is. And my work began in this area for all the wrong reasons. I did not understand what I was doing. And I don't need it. Ah, I didn't understand what the material was and it's only in the last four or five years that I've really come to an understanding, understanding truly of what the material really is. But basically the work began about 1975-76, and my primary interest for getting into this area is, was, like I say, for all the wrong reasons.

I am from Phoenix, Arizona. My father is the ex-commissioner of agriculture in the state of Arizona. My mother is the, was the state Republican's woman chairman. We're ultra-ultra right-wing conservative. Very, very ultra conservative people. All of my farming was done on a handshake basis. I even farmed 2,500 acres on a handshake with the Bureau of Indian Affairs and that's the federal government and no one farms with the federal government on a handshake and a verbal agreement but I did.

Our family is very, very conservative, very highly regarded in the community. All my vehicles have the keys in the vehicles right now. I'm here and they're there. Ah, we just... it's a very small community just outside of Phoenix where, you know, everyone knows everybody. Everybody knows the people going down the road. There just is no theft. There is no break-ins because we'll hunt you down, find out who did it, and we'll get it back.

Anyway, when I became involved in this my thinking was to mine and process gold and silver to create a hard currency. I was very disillusioned with the federal government's approach to our currency. They were devaluing the dollar, issuing this funny money, what they called federal reserve notes which I'm sure most of you people are aware of. They were not backed by gold and silver and as you make more and more of these dollars they continue to devalue these dollars and you think you are making more money, but in fact all you are doing is moving into a higher tax bracket and paying more and more income tax. And so you have less and less even though you are making more and more. And you come home and tell your wife, "well I got this 20 percent raise" or 10 percent raise and she says, "I got a 5 percent raise", but in fact you are making less money and not living as well as your parents lived. And they can tell us we're all living better and that we're getting all these wonderful figures but the numbers lie. We are not really living better. All of us are living worse than our parents lived as a people. There are exceptions to that in Dallas, but most of the country it's true.

Anyway, I began buying gold and silver in the Phoenix area as bullion from refiners. Most of it was being refined from sterling silver scrap or electronic scrap. But, ah, a lot of the gold was coming from miners who were processing it by a process called "heap leach cyanide recovery". And they were heap leaching, um, these old tailings on these mining operations. I became very intrigued with this because we were very interested, in agriculture, in metal salts in our soils. I don't know, I think that here in Dallas it's much the same or further on west in the state, it's much the same as Arizona. We have a sodium problem in our soil. It's called "black alkali" and as the black alkali builds up in your soil you can put sulfuric acid on the soil and the sodium, which makes up the black alkali, becomes sodium sulfate, which is a white alkali. And then is water soluble and will leach out of your soil then. If you don't do this your soil is very oily and the water just won't penetrate and be retained by the soil and it's not very good for your crops.

And so we had been doing soils analysis and this concept of, of literally piling ore up on a piece of plastic and spraying it with a cyanide solution, which dissolves selectively the gold out of the ore. It trickles down through the ore until it hits the plastic and then runs out the plastic and into the settling pond. It's pumped up through activated charcoal where the gold adheres to the charcoal and then the solution is returned back to the stack. And the concept seemed pretty simple, and I decided, you know, a lot of farmers have airplanes, a lot of farmers have race horses, a lot farmers have race cars... I decided I was going to have a gold mine. And, I had earth movers and water trucks and road graders and backhoes and caterpillars and these kind of things on the farm and I had equipment operators, and so I decided I was going to set up one of these heap leach cyanide systems.

I traveled all over the state of Arizona, took about a year and a half, and I finally settled on a piece of property. And, ah, did some analysis and all and decided that this was the property that had the gold in it that I wanted to recover. I set up a heap leach cyanide system, began spraying the ore, and sure enough within a matter of a couple days, we hooked it up to the activated charcoal. And we analyzed the solution going in the charcoal. We analyzed the solution coming out of the charcoal and we were loading gold on the charcoal. And, you know, everything is just rosy. We're having a high old time. And I figured I could lose 50 percent per year mining gold and be as well off as buying the gold and paying taxes at 50 percent on the, on the profit with buying the gold. So, if other people had to mine gold and make a living, I could mine gold and lose 50 percent, and be as well off as making the money, paying income tax and buying gold with it. So I figured, hey, I ought to be able to do that.

So, what happened is, ah, we began recovering the gold and silver and we would take the charcoal down to our farm. We'd strip it with hot cyanide and sodium hydroxide. We'd run it through "electro winning cell". We'd get the gold out on the "electro winning cell". And then we would do what's called a "fire assay" where you run it through a crucible reduction, cupelling, and get this gold and silver dore' bead. Now I am not going to elaborate on all this because I am not trying to teach anybody "fire assaying". I am just trying to explain the procedures here. This is the time honored procedure for recovering gold and silver and basically , it's, it's been performed for 250-300 years. It's the accepted standard in the industry.

[11:24] Ah, after we recovered this gold and silver for a couple of weeks, we began to recover something else. And the something else was recovering as if it's gold and silver but it wasn't gold and silver. Our beads of gold and silver were actually getting to the point that you could hit them with a hammer and they would shatter. Now there's no alloy of gold and silver that will become that brittle. Gold and silver are both very soft metals and they don't alloy in any proportion that would cause them to become hard or brittle. Yet this became very hard and brittle. When we sent it to the standard laboratories for analysis, all they could detect was gold and silver with traces, and just traces, of copper. Something was recovering with the gold and silver. We couldn't explain. And eventually it got so much of this in our recovery system that actually we were losing gold and silver when we recovered this other material. And so, you know, it wasn't supposed to be profitable, it's just supposed to be something that was interesting.

And so I said, "Shut the system down. You know, let's find out what the problem material really is". And chemically we were able to separate the "problem material" from the gold and silver and I had this sample of pure problem stuff, whatever it was. And you have to understand my background is cotton farming. I did take pre-law, decided to go into agriculture but I hated chemistry, I hated physics, like most of you. And ah, I decided, well heck, you know if you just pay enough money to the right experts, you can hire enough Ph.D's, you'll be able to figure this problem out. So I went to Cornell University, where a man had written these papers on doing x-ray analysis and he took the sample of the problem material, which wouldn't dissolve in any acids or bases, as separated. It was cobalt blue in color. And he did an analysis on it and he told me it was iron silica and aluminum. I said it's not iron silica and aluminum. He said, "Well sorry that's what the analysis says it is". So, working within Cornell, we removed all of the iron, all the silica and all the aluminum from the sample. We still had over 98 percent of the sample. At this point he said, "Dave, it analyzes to be nothing". (audience laughter)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
So, I was handed a book called 'The Analytical Chemistry of the Platinum Group Elements' by Ginzburg. It was written in 1975. It was translated into English by the Israeli Program For Scientific Translation. And this book, it's probably about 2 1/2 inches thick, it's a hard bound technical book, put out by the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Now when you realize that Johnson Matthey and Englehard are the two miners and refiners of the Platinum group elements in South Africa. The other miners and refiners are the Russian government. The Russians basically got into this after 1918 when they threw, the, Johnson Matthey, out of their country, because they were, the British were married to their royal family, and they had a deal going where royalties were being paid to them for the mining of their platinum group elements. And so, the Russian government in 1918 committed to develop this separation chemistry for these elements.

Basically these elements were not all that important until about world war two and then they became very strategically important. Right now they're classified as strategic elements and any important government contracts that are issued, they're classified under strategic classification. So you don't use them unless you absolutely have to because they are so valuable and so rare. They use them like.... iridium is used on the nose-cone of the re-entry vehicle on the space shuttle. It's used on the hydrogen rocket shields that deflect the heat shield on the hydrogen because it's a very high temperature ceramic. It's used in the breaker circuitry on the nuclear power plants where they have to disconnect the power, reconnect it, and they needs something that can stand tremendous arcs and not deteriorate. You know, these kinds of uses where nothing else will work.

And so basically, what happened is, according to the Soviet Academy of Sciences, they said that to analyze for these elements by emission spectroscopy, you'd have to do a procedure called fractional vaporization where you literally put the powders to be analyzed on the carbon electrode and you burn it for 300 seconds. Well, to do this you have to put an inert gas, a shielding gas, around the carbon electrode so that the air doesn't get to it, otherwise in 15-20 seconds the carbon electrode oxidizes away. And so we put this sheathing gas under it and did these long burn times. Now according to the Soviet Academy of Sciences, the scientific group in the Soviet Union, during the first 15-20 seconds, all of the junk, or all of the iron, silica and aluminum would read, but it wouldn't be until 70 seconds that the palladium begins to read. After another 15-20 seconds, depending on how much palladium, then the, I believe it's, ah, I believe it's platinum will read, then after the platinum, then ruthenium, then after ruthenium, then rhodium, then after rhodium, then iridium, then after iridium, then osmium. I'm not absolutely sure that's exactly the order, I may have a couple of them reversed, but the concept was that they come off in the sequence of their boiling temperatures.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
And sure enough, exactly in the sequence, and exactly as the Soviet Academy of Sciences said, these elements began to read. They came off in the sequence, exactly in the order and exactly as they were supposed to come off. There's palladium, platinum, ruthenium, rhodium, iridium and osmium. And at the time I didn't even know what iridium was. I didn't know what rhodium was. I mean, gosh, I'm just a dirt farmer. But, come to find out rhodium's a very valuable material. Rhodium is, is a, been up as high as $13,000 an ounce in the last couple years. It's the stuff that's in your catalytic converter, that if it isn't there your catalytic converter can't work. You're all told that you have platinum in there but there has to be at least 13 percent rhodium or it can't work. Because the platinum poisons with carbon monoxide and it's the rhodium that prevents it from poisoning. And when the South Africans were having the trouble with their mines down there, rhodium went to $13,000 per ounce because the automobile manufacturer's cannot sell their cars without a catalytic converters. And so the orders went, buy some rhodium, whatever it takes. We can't have our cars coming off the assembly lines and not be able to sell them because they don't have catalytic converters on them. {continue...}


Nemat Space

never fully investigated Nemat-space mentioned here until searching for more info on phenyl benzoate related to this. see it all fits together.

Liquid crystalline mesophases can be modulated by molecular engineering. Nematic liquid crystals (LCs) are used in twisted nematic displays, whereas smectic LCs are used are used to construct large-area flat panel display devices. Manipulation of mesomorphic structures therefore has strong technological implications. A. C. Small and C. Pugh* have taken a molecular engineering approach to perform such manipulations.

It is well known that phenyl benzoate mesogens tend to form nematic phases, but the authors forced low– and high–molecular-mass LCs with these mesogens to order into smectic layers by adding fluorocarbon moieties at the ends of the p-alkoxy groups on the benzene rings.

The immiscibility of the hydrocarbon and fluorocarbon segments induced the amphiphilic tails to undergo microphase separation, leading to the formation of the layered smectic structures.

The authors found that the bulk of the lateral substituent attached to the ortho or para position of the benzene rings of the mesogens affected their mesophase structure: When the lateral substituents changed from methyl (1) to norbornyl (2) to polynorbornyl (3), increasingly longer hydrocarbon or fluorocarbon tails (larger n or m values) were required to induce smectic layering. This structure–property relationship may help design new LC materials with tailored mesophase structures. (Macromolecules 2002, 35, 2105–2115; Ben Zhong Tang).

About Liquid Crystals

Normally, we consider matter to have three distinct states: solid, liquid, and gas. However, there are states of matter which do not meet the necessary requirements of any of these three categories. For example, a substances such as mayonnaise is somewhere between a liquid and a solid.

Liquid crystals are also not quite liquid and not quite solid. Physically, they are observed to flow like liquids, but they have some properties of crystalline solids. Liquid crystals can be considered to be crystals which have lost some or all of their positional order, while maintaining full orientational order. For example, imagine a large number of toothpicks put into a rectangular box and shaken. When you open the box, the toothpicks will be facing in about the same direction, but will have no definite spatial organization. They are free to move, but like to line up in about the same direction. This is a primitive model for nematic liquid crystals.

Nematics are polarizable rod-like organic molecules on the order of 20 Angstroms in length. Because of their tendency to organize themselves in a parallel fashion, they demonstrate interesting and useful optical properties; the digital watch you used to wear back in the 80's functioned using nematic liquid crystals. Today, many more useful and interesting properties of nematics are known and exploited.

Smectic Liquid crystals are different from nematics in that they have one more degree of orientational order than do the nematics. Smectics generally form layers within which there is a loss of positional order, while orientational order is still preserved. There are several different categories to describe smectics. The two best known of these are Smectic A, in which the molecules align perpendicular to the layer planes, and Smectic C, where the alignment of the molecules is at some arbitrary angle to the normal.

Liquid Crystal: Nematic phase

One of the most common LC phases is the nematic, where the molecules have no positional order, but they do have long-range orientational order. Thus, the molecules flow and are randomly distributed as in a liquid, but they all point in the same direction (within each domain). Most nematics are uniaxial: they have one axis that is longer and preferred, with the other two being equivalent (can be approximated as cylinders). Some liquid crystals are biaxial nematics, meaning that in addition to orienting their long axis, they also orient along a secondary axis.

nemato– or nemat– :: pref. Thread; threadlike: nematocyst. [New Latin nēmato-, from Greek nēma, nēmat-, thread].

smec·tic :: Of or relating to the mesomorphic phase of a liquid crystal in which molecules are closely aligned in a distinct series of layers, with the axes of the molecules lying perpendicular to the plane of the layers. [From Greek smēktos, smeared, from smēkhein, to wash off].

hendeceagram :: A hendeceagram is a star polygon that has eleven points. The {11/2} star polygon is used as a symbol for the Aleister Crowley Foundation. {11/3} Hendecagrams are on the Dome of the tomb of Shah Nemat Ollah Vali, Mahan.