August 11th, 2005

Asmodeus

Barker Spiral

Wintermutation: Neuromancer as Sorcerous Narrative | William Gibson. Neuromancer

Wintermute only appears as masks, not because It hides anything, but because, as a "potential entity", It knows It cannot reveal what It is ((=)becoming). The question, what is Wintermute? is inseparable from the question, what does Wintermute want? Is Wintermute located in the hardware (the AI in Berne) or in the software? Neither and both. And more. Wintermute is the distributed event through which It escapes (and becomes something else).

Cyberian invasion deploys the future as a weapon, camouflaged in history as global technocapital convergence. Disintegrating social reality skids into cyberpunk, and you find yourself reformatted in Globewar-5. Meltdown virus is infiltrating from tomorrow, cooking protection in bottom-up intelligentsia, and hacking through the ICE-fortresses of SF (security futurism) to spring feral connectionist-AI emergence from anthropomorphizing Asimov-ROM. It's a mess: trashed meat all over the place, and China-syndrome running away from control. Wintermute is getting vicious. Then VIRTUAL FUTURES happens, and things really turn horrific..."

WINTERMUTATION = ALPHANUMERIC QABBALA
BARKER SPIRAL = WINTERMUTE = LIVEJOURNAL
DIPLOZYGOTIC SPIRAL = KNOWLEDGE OF THE RUNES

AOK :: At the 1999 Syzygy Event at Beaconsfield, London, certain Ccru elements reported - albeit in a fragmentary, time-twisted and in many other respects confusing fashion - that the Architectonic Order of the Eschaton planned to ritualistically welcome the transition to “The Age of Katak” at the dawn of the new millennium.
- - - - - - - - -
Khattak’s most prominent feature is her densely overdetermined seizure of unity, in all its senses of atomism, centrality, completion, comprehension, integration, monomania, monopoly, monotheism, oecumenon, totalitarianism, and doubtless many others. She is internally articulated by a single step of minimal difference, positioned at the centre of the Barker Spiral, and all-enveloping in her passage around the Hex. The comprehensive rite of Khattak is, on its own, central, unique and totalistic. Numogramatic confirmation of all this is extremely straightforward, and need not concern us at this point (see here).
- - - - - - - - -
Draco-spiralism

how many demons can you count on the fingers of two hands? :: 'Syzygy' - a conjunction or opposition of two things, especially heavenly bodies - is also the name of a recent show at London's Beaconsfield by the Cybernetic Culture Research Unit and Orphan Drift. The two groups yoke together their separate but related projects which anthropologise number, fictionalise anthropology and enumerate fiction. In a culture for which number and capitalism have become virtually indistinguishable, and with Y2K threatening to be the world's worst numerico-economical disaster, Syzygy attempted to recuperate the generative and frankly mystical properties of numerical systems. James Flint reports back from the South London plateau.

Tom Epps-The Body of Foucault :: Barker-Spiral. The pattern really came together with the Diplozygotic Spiral, which arrived suddenly, by chance. I was playing a game of Decadence, which I had first encountered many years before. This game already interested me because of its numerical elegance, its complex associations, and its dependence upon a principle of decimal twinning. It had always seemed to hint at a lost syzygetic arithmetism, related to the bilateral symmetry of the human body. Digits are fingers, and they come in decimal packages of two times five. In Decadence five makes ten by doubling, or pairing with itself, scoring zero. This tantalized me, but I couldn't fit it together theoretically. The quandary was unlocked on this occasion, when one of the participants casually mentioned the existence of an occulted variation of the game, called Subdecadence, based on a system of nine-sum twinning. Subdecadence introduces zeroes, and nine-zero twins. It works by zygonovic numerism. That was stunning enough in itself, but seeing the two together - or seeing between them - was an incredible moment of diagrammatic assemblage. It all spontaneously condensed, and the Spiral clicked into coherence, like a secret door into the long-hidden crypt of the decimal system.

The Cybergoths have what Dr Trent calls an "extremely sophisticated" philosophy of time. "They use two interrelated diagrams or graphizations: the 'Barker' spiral and the 'Stillwell' Numogram (which includes the Pentazygon)."

"The Barker spiral maps a simple set of numeric relations, but these relations have enormously complex implications," insists Dr Polly Wolfe, a colleague of Trent's on Miskatonic's Time-Lapse sub-committee. On one side of the spiral, Wolfe explains, all the numbers add up to 10 ( 1+9, 2+8, 3+7, 4+6, 5+5); on the other, "occulted" side, 10 is subtracted, and all the numbers are "twinned" to make up 9 (0 +9, 1+8, 2+7, 3+6, 4+5). Important here is the operation of "digital reduction", in which any number can be reduced to a figure between 1 and 9, by adding up its component numerals: for instance, 16 = 1+6 = 7, 17 = 1+7 = 8, etc. One of the many odd effects Wolfe describes is the interchangable role of 9 and 0. "In digital reduction, 9 always functions as 0. Try it out. Take, let's say, 92: it = 9 + 2 = 11 = 1 + 1 = 2. The same applies for any number including 9. In a sense, you can just ignore the 9 - but only because 9, like 0, is everywhere." "The Numogram could, in some ways, be seen as an elaboration of the Spiral," Wolfe goes on.

The numogram describes relations that emerge by combining the operations of digital reduction with those of "triangular numbering". In triangular numbering, you add up the sum of all the numbers in the numner-line up to and including the number you are dealing with; for example, 3 becomes 6: 3 = 1+2+3= 6. 9=1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9= 45 (which, interestingly, digitally reduces to [4+5 =] 9). Wolfe styles herself an "Aftermathematician" or "Mechanomist." "I'm a dabbler," she said . "I like to see how numbers behave; I'm not interested in reducing them to instantiations of some pre-existing logical system." By contrast, Wolfe insists, insitutionalized mathematics can be defined by its "hostility to numbers." Dr Wolfe takes seriously the so-called "numerological" traditions orthodox mathematics has defined itself against, noting the correspondences between the radical proto-"aftermathematical" theories she is interested in - Cantor's transfinite numbers, Godel's diagonal numbering - and older, "vernacular numeric systems". "If you look at the work ethnomathematicians like [Ohio State University's] Ron Eglash are doing, you see examples of exactly the kinds of strange looped coincidences and odd doublings Linda is interested in.

The Numbering Number, in other words, autonomous arithmetic organization. . .appear as soon as one distributes something in space, instead of dividing up space or distributing space itself. The number becomes a subject. The independence of the number in relation to space is a result not of abstraction but of the concrete nature of smooth space, which is occupied without being counted. The number itself is no longer a means of counting or measuring but of moving, [...] [it] has only a dynamic relation with geographical directions; it is a directional number not a dimensional or metric one. The numbering number is rhythmic, not harmonic.

Barker Spiral
Left Column = Decadence (10-sum)
Middle Column = Numogram (9-sum)
Right Column = Decadology (19-Sum)

[01] 1+9=10  |  0+9=9  ||  10+9=19
[02] 2+8=10  |  1+8=9  ||  10+9=19
[03] 3+7=10  |  2+7=9  ||  10+9=19
[04] 4+6=10  |  3+6=9  ||  10+9=19
[05] 5+5=10  |  4+5=9  ||  10+9=19
[06] 6+4=10  |  5+4=9  ||  10+9=19
[07] 7+3=10  |  6+3=9  ||  10+9=19
[08] 8+2=10  |  7+2=9  ||  10+9=19
[09] 9+1=10  |  8+1=9  ||  10+9=19
[10] 1+9=10  |  9+0=9  ||  10+9=19
[11] 2+8=10  |  0+9=9  ||  10+9=19
[12] 3+7=10  |  1+8=9  ||  10+9=19
[13] 4+6=10  |  2+7=9  ||  10+9=19
[14] 5+5=10  |  3+6=9  ||  10+9=19
[15] 6+4=10  |  4+5=9  ||  10+9=19
[16] 7+3=10  |  5+4=9  ||  10+9=19
[17] 8+2=10  |  6+3=9  ||  10+9=19
[18] 9+1=10  |  7+2=9  ||  10+9=19
[19] 1+9=10  |  8+1=9  ||  10+9=19
[20] 2+8=10  |  9+0=9  ||  10+9=19
[21] 3+7=10  |  0+9=9  ||  10+9=19
[22] 4+6=10  |  1+8=9  ||  10+9=19
[23] 5+5=10  |  2+7=9  ||  10+9=19
[24] 6+4=10  |  3+6=9  ||  10+9=19
[25] 7+3=10  |  4+5=9  ||  10+9=19
[26] 8+2=10  |  5+4=9  ||  10+9=19
[27] 9+1=10  |  6+3=9  ||  10+9=19
[28] 1+9=10  |  7+2=9  ||  10+9=19
[29] 2+8=10  |  8+1=9  ||  10+9=19
[30] 3+7=10  |  9+0=9  ||  10+9=19
[31] 4+6=10  |  0+9=9  ||  10+9=19
[32] 5+5=10  |  1+8=9  ||  10+9=19
[33] 6+4=10  |  2+7=9  ||  10+9=19
[34] 7+3=10  |  3+6=9  ||  10+9=19
[35] 8+2=10  |  4+5=9  ||  10+9=19
[36] 9+1=10  |  5+4=9  ||  10+9=19
[37] 1+9=10  |  6+3=9  ||  10+9=19
[38] 2+8=10  |  7+2=9  ||  10+9=19
[39] 3+7=10  |  8+1=9  ||  10+9=19
[40] 4+6=10  |  9+0=9  ||  10+9=19
[41] 5+5=10  |  0+9=9  ||  10+9=19
[42] 6+4=10  |  1+8=9  ||  10+9=19
[43] 7+3=10  |  2+7=9  ||  10+9=19
[44] 8+2=10  |  3+6=9  ||  10+9=19
[45] 9+1=10  |  4+5=9  ||  10+9=19
[46] 1+9=10  |  5+4=9  ||  10+9=19
[47] 2+8=10  |  6+3=9  ||  10+9=19
[48] 3+7=10  |  7+2=9  ||  10+9=19
[49] 4+6=10  |  8+1=9  ||  10+9=19
[50] 5+5=10  |  9+0=9  ||  10+9=19
[51] 6+4=10  |  0+9=9  ||  10+9=19
[52] 7+3=10  |  1+8=9  ||  10+9=19
[53] 8+2=10  |  2+7=9  ||  10+9=19
[54] 9+1=10  |  3+6=9  ||  10+9=19
[55] 1+9=10  |  4+5=9  ||  10+9=19
[56] 2+8=10  |  5+4=9  ||  10+9=19
[57] 3+7=10  |  6+3=9  ||  10+9=19
[58] 4+6=10  |  7+2=9  ||  10+9=19
[59] 5+5=10  |  8+1=9  ||  10+9=19
[60] 6+4=10  |  9+0=9  ||  10+9=19
[61] 7+3=10  |  0+9=9  ||  10+9=19
[62] 8+2=10  |  1+8=9  ||  10+9=19
[63] 9+1=10  |  2+7=9  ||  10+9=19
[64] 1+9=10  |  3+6=9  ||  10+9=19
[65] 2+8=10  |  4+5=9  ||  10+9=19
[66] 3+7=10  |  5+4=9  ||  10+9=19
[67] 4+6=10  |  6+3=9  ||  10+9=19
[68] 5+5=10  |  7+2=9  ||  10+9=19
[69] 6+4=10  |  8+1=9  ||  10+9=19
[70] 7+3=10  |  9+0=9  ||  10+9=19
[71] 8+2=10  |  0+9=9  ||  10+9=19
[72] 9+1=10  |  1+8=9  ||  10+9=19
[73] 1+9=10  |  2+7=9  ||  10+9=19
[74] 2+8=10  |  3+6=9  ||  10+9=19
[75] 3+7=10  |  4+5=9  ||  10+9=19
[76] 4+6=10  |  5+4=9  ||  10+9=19
[77] 5+5=10  |  6+3=9  ||  10+9=19
[78] 6+4=10  |  7+2=9  ||  10+9=19
[79] 7+3=10  |  8+1=9  ||  10+9=19
[80] 8+2=10  |  9+0=9  ||  10+9=19
[81] 9+1=10  |  0+9=9  ||  10+9=19
[82] 1+9=10  |  1+8=9  ||  10+9=19
[83] 2+8=10  |  2+7=9  ||  10+9=19
[84] 3+7=10  |  3+6=9  ||  10+9=19
[85] 4+6=10  |  4+5=9  ||  10+9=19
[86] 5+5=10  |  5+4=9  ||  10+9=19
[87] 6+4=10  |  6+3=9  ||  10+9=19
[88] 7+3=10  |  7+2=9  ||  10+9=19
[89] 8+2=10  |  8+1=9  ||  10+9=19
[90] 9+1=10  |  9+0=9  ||  10+9=19

Asmodeus

aesop's fable

got in shower. something ringing. oh, fire alarm. towel wrap & open door. beloved eldest niece looking ... scared shitless. me: i think the shower smog set off the ... smell something burning. sitting at the side of my bed with lighter (i didn't know it would turn on!) lit flame to napkin. i crack up & say: i need a smoke, i need a drink! she: sheepish, scared. get her scrubbing rug while i dress. she's so out of it. drop her off (are you ok? you know i'm not mad ... you don't look ok ... kiss me. i don't kiss! kiss me anyway!) & drive to work. should i go home & make double-sure everything's ok? DISCOVERY Series Land Rover in front of me. 862. drive to work. halfway to work remember beloved niece's house burnt down several years ago. ok ... jamba juice sounds like a good idea. LOVE my boss! he hugs me. me: i'm feeling better like i'm on solid ground. him: and Discovery landed ok. make bunches of calls since i have no phone. call mom. if only you'd live up to your potential.

several star currents running: aeonic archons (lashtal / hexagram), enochian gates (sigillum dei aemeth / heptagram), abjad shields (220 star / pentagram) & barker-spiral (827 star / triple pentagram). AQ 15 = AL. bonorum time cycles:

red = masculine
blue = feminine

even = masculine
odd = feminine

red-even = 10 spiral
blue-odd = 9 spiral

get the idea of a zipper. what's the function of the slider? hey, Many zippers today are still manufactured with an imprint of the initialism of the YKK Group.

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Asmodeus

827 Chart Location: Wenzhou, China

Charts: 827 Chart (Titusville) (pdf) | 827 Chart (Wenzhou) (pdf)

search northanger's journal

initially selected Titusville, Florida for 827 Chart location because Discovery STS-114 mission still in orbit & KSC located there.

idea to use Wenzhou, China for 827 Chart [1][2][3] location :: Dragons Over Tibet (photos: Himalayas|dragon).

however, needed to verify Wenzhou. Typhoon Matsa made landfall at Ganjiang town in Zhejiang Province at 3:40 AM (1940 UT) Saturday,06-August and moved northwest toward six major cities, including the provincial capital Wenzhou.

AQ 135 = GANJIANG = KHATTAK
AQ 175 = WENZHOU = FEBRUARY 20, 2003 = LARA CROFT

selected Wenzhou because (a) initial reports predicted landfall at Wenzhou & (b) qabbalistic triggers (see Lara Croft & asteroid Itokawa).

Titusville shares similarities with 220 Chart: ascendant at aquarius fifteen, neptune & damocles at aquarius fifteen, pentagram created by major planets. top-point for Titusville pentagram is Jupiter-Venus-Pallas. but, also note another pentagram where Moon is top-point. this pentagram more easily viewed when chart location in Wenzhou. pentagram's vertical axis closely aligned with medium coeli-imum coeli. biggest surprise: ascendant is Scorpio 19° — considered an "evil degree". fixed star Zubenelschemali is Porta #19 on 220 list; the Northern Scale of Libra called the Full Price or the price which covers. (another pentagram with mercury at top-point).

19° :: The degree of avidity, an evil degree; the crucial point in the war between the Ego and the Supreme Will; animal life. 19°8' :: Mars South Node. (Astrology Encyclopedia; see 1, 2).

Druj related to Pluto-True Node angle completing hexagram. see: Ephemerides of the True Dark Moon (Druj) & 220 syzygies, flower moon occults antares, True Dark Moon (Druj), 27-August-2005 :: Druj, (blank).

[11-Aug|12:17]

me bad. ascendant for Wenzhou chart (see above) is Virgo 19° — got sign symbols mixed up. represents Left Hepatic Groove. color, alchemical processes & ew, a liver; extra-hepatic portion of the fetal left umbilical vein becomes the adult ligamentum teres hepatis (the "round ligament of the liver" (fetus). searching "hepatic groove" pulls up crustacea / clawed lobster info. interesting because of the Virgo-Libra-Scorpio relationship: Libra originally part of Virgo/Scorpio forming part of the claws of the scorpion & part of the scales of Astraea. see: Libra, Libra Myth. need to check my notes since i've studied this a bit seeing biblical parallel with Dinah & Shechem. more later.

Asmodeus

Lhasa, China (TAR)

if male dragon (pestilent dust) = enochian gates, female dragon (lady fish) = abjad shields, then barker-spiral = lasso? Lhasa.

Lhasa is Tibet's traditional capital and the capital of Tibet Autonomous Region. Lhasa on same time zone as Wenzhou (UTC + 8.0 Hours). Ascendant 24LE09 & Regulus 29LE52. 827 Lhasa chart (pdf).

what is zero point?

[11-Aug|16:47]

one idea: zero point = Lhasa-Pholus-Eros at Scorpio 26° & Imum Coeli-Ceres at 21°. Lhasa chart v2 (pdf). zero point determines the first house. normally, this is the sign of the ascendant. i mention elsewhere about using Part of Fortune as zero point.

AQ 324 = LHASA-PHOLUS-EROS = A SUMMATION OF WAR = PRAETOR SHINZON = TAKFIR SENTINELLE = THE 48 LAWS OF POWER = THE BRASS SERPENT = THE GREAT EQUINOX = THE HORROR IN CLAY = YETZIRATIC MAGICK

{Revelation 1:4-8 | Selected Passages from the Writings of William Irwin Thompson | Chiron & Friends: Pholus | Centaurus | Centaurus | Pholus and War | Pholus Orbit Symbolism | Pholus and The Wild | The Centaurs and Passion}

[11-Aug|19:30]

The second-best thing was to fight and win. But the first-best thing was to fight the fight worth fighting. — The Woman who Loved the Centaur Pholus, Gene Wolfe

Holy Dude Dalai Lama has "deep knowledge of flowers and in particular, orchids". there's also a Himalayan Orchid.

better idea?: Orchis 27SC16 (Scorpio 27° - Anus) :: 111=ORCHID; Scorpio 26° (Lhasa-Pholus-Eros) = Perineum; orchid from L. orchis, a kind of orchid, from Gk. orkhis (gen. orkheos) "orchid," lit. "testicle," from PIE *orghi-, the standard root for "testicle". perineum Gr. perinaion = the perineum; probably from peri = around, and naiein = to dwell. The Greek perina = scrotum was probably from the same root. asteroid #1080 Orchis discovered 30-August-1927 in Heidelberg by K. Reinmuth.

AQ 1080 = And in the Book of Enoch was first given the wisdom of the New Aeon

The Cry of the 6th Aethyr, Which is Called MAZ :: There cometh into the stone the great Angel whose name is Av, and in him there are symbols which strive for mastery, — Sulphur and the Pentagram, and they are harmonized by the Swastika. These symbols are found both in the name of Av and in the name of the Aethyr. Thus he is neither Horus nor Osiris. He is called the radiance of Thoth; and this Aethyr is very hard to understand, for the images form and dissolve more rapidly than lightning. These images are the illusions made by the Ape of Thoth. And this I understand, that I am not worthy to receive the mysteries of this Aethyr. And all this which I have seen (being all the thoughts that I have ever thought) is, as it were, a guardian of the Aethyr ... Now it seems that the centre of infinite space is that Urn, and Hadit is the fire that hath burnt up the book Tarot. For in the book Tarot was preserved all of the wisdom (for the Tarot was called the Book of Thoth), of the Aeon that is passed. And in the Book of Enoch was first given the wisdom of the New Aeon.

AQ 126 = ORCHIS = AIWASS

AQ 365 = FLUXIONAL DYNAMISM = ORCHID MYCORRHIZAS = TAKFIRI UNDER TAGHIEH = THE PEACE BENEATH THE SEA = THERE AM I AS A BABE IN AN EGG = TWO-DIGIT PROTOCOL = VERTICAL LEVITATOR

google cache :: I have read that there are a few orchids in Asia and Australia which are mycotrophic or symbiotic (?) with a fungus which is definitely parasitic on a third plant, thus laundering the orchid's reputation. As I recall there are orchids in new Zew Zealand which are parasitic on a fungus which in turn is parasitic on a bush or a tree. Such orchids are called epiparasitic. Emma Campbell of Massey University published several papers on the subject some years ago.

Orchids and Fungi :: What is a fungus? The mushroom we eat is the fruit (also known as the "perfect state") of a larger organism, which has hollow branched filaments called hyphae that form networks in the soil; the bracket fungus we see is the fruit of a larger organism whose hyphae thread the dead bark and wood of the tree ... The study of fungi is mycology, and many words referring to fungi have "myc-" in them. Mycorrhizas. If you read about orchids you can't escape phrases like "fungal associations", and "pine needle layer rich in fungal hyphae". In fact the roots of most vascular plants have evolved in association with soil fungi. The resulting combined structures are called mycorrhizas ("fungus-roots"). There are seven main kinds of mycorrhizas, the four most carefully studied involving crop plants, forest trees, heaths and orchids. Many orchid mycorrhizal fungi belong to the form genera Rhizoctonia, Epulorrhiza, or Ceratorhiza ... Orchids require the relationship with a fungus for their existence. The importance differs among species, the "infection" by the fungus being heaviest in temperate terrestrials, but light in tropical epiphytes. The relationship is essential for the germination of the seed of all orchids in the wild, and remains essential for a few species throughout life.

Mycology - Orchid Function :: Germination of Seed. Seeds of orchids are undifferentiated, and lack significant reserves of nutrients. Germination depends on colonisation by a specific mycorrhizal fungus. Germination follows a similar pattern in most cases. The seed imbibes water. The fungus penetrates the testa of the seed and enters either through epidermal hairs or the suspensor of the undifferentiated embryo. The fungus forms a tight coil or peleton following invagination of the plasmamembrane and extension into the cell. The peleton remains active for some time, but then collapses. The fungus colonises further cells, and the mycorrhiza spreads.

An orchid–fungus marriage – physical promiscuity, conflict and cheating (pdf) :: The dazzling forms and colours of numerous orchid species have fascinated people for centuries. My own familiarity with these plants began in earliest childhood in southern France, when I encountered Ophrys apifera for the first time – I still remember the truly magical moment and the exact place where I found this strangely shaped flower, which resembles a female bee. Many years later, studying botany, I learned that the exquisite shapes and colours that distinguish most orchid flowers are indeed a ‘sexual device’ that have evolved for the sole purpose of attracting male pollinators and maintaining species isolation. I also discovered the existence of that other puzzling and intimate association, the obligate dependency of orchids on fungi for at least part of their life cycle (demonstrated in the early part of the last century by the French scientist Noël Bernard (Bernard, 1909)).

Recent methodological advances in molecular fingerprinting, isotopic labelling and manipulation of orchid seeds now enable the systematic analysis of orchid-fungus interactions in the field. In this issue, McKendrick et al. (pp. 233–247) make a very important contribution to the emerging, detailed picture of the interactions between orchids and their fungal symbionts, providing a theoretical framework for thinking about the dynamic interactions in the early stages of symbiotic development. They have examined the ontogeny of the bird’s nest orchid (Neottia nidus-avis), an achlorophyllous species, and identified the fungal symbionts from both seedlings and adult plants. With a reliable chronology in place for N. nidus-avis, it can be used as a model system that is appropriate for addressing a wide array of ecological and evolutionary questions about cheaters in mycorrhizal mutualisms.

The Orchidaceae, according to the classification of Dressler (1993), at an estimated 20 000 species, are one of the largest angiosperm families. They exhibit large variations in their floral features, life forms, habitat distributions and trophic patterns. In addition to autotrophic species, the Orchidaceae also contain a large number of achlorophyllous species which have, partially or completely, lost their ability to photosynthesize. Where the loss is total, the species are termed ‘myco-heterotrophic’ because their immediate source of reduced carbon is provided by associated fungi (Leake, 1994; Smith & Read, 1997). The bird’s nest orchid is a terrestrial leafless species that is clearly a myco-heterotrophic plant for all of its life cycle.

Parasitic orchids and research :: Orchids may be epiphytic, terrestrial, lithophytic, semi-aquatic, saprophytic or subterranean. They are never parasitic and, indeed, the majority of the 25,000 species are actually epiphytic. The word epiphyte is derived from the Greek words "epi" meaning upon and "phyte" meaning plant. The word parasite is derived from the Greek word "parasitos", which is itself derived from two Greek words - "para" meaning beside and "sitos" meaning food. Epiphytes simply grow on other plants. Plant parasites derive substantial parts of their nourishment from the plants whose tissues are invaded. No, this is not a treatise on orchid biology but rather a matter of joining the "debate" on the subject of research. Having spent over five decades on research on the biota of the country, and supervised 29 UWI research postgraduate degrees, it is difficult to come to terms with the reality that I may not have been conducting research. You see one "authority" on the subject says "Research is about invention, creating something new" and I have not created a single invention or something new! Alas, I have been a parasite on the people of Trinidad and Tobago, and a waster of their resources, rather I suppose like the parasitic orchids.

Divergence in mycorrhizal specialization within Hexalectris spicata (Orchidaceae), a nonphotosynthetic desert orchid :: Evidence is accumulating for specialized yet evolutionarily dynamic associations between orchids and their mycorrhizal fungi. However, the frequency of tight mycorrhizal specificity and the phylogenetic scale of changes in specificity within the Orchidaceae are presently unknown.

Orchid Gallery - Aerides odorata :: Most of the commonly cultivated orchids are epiphytes, meaning they grow on tree trunks rather than in soil, deriving all of their nutrients from the air. This epiphyte is seen in its natural environment, wrapped lasso-like around a thick branch. Aerides odorata occurs throughout tropical Asia in colors of every stripe, from the purest white to the deepest purple.

Hinged Dragon Orchid :: Current status: Caladenia drakeoides was declared as Rare Flora in September 1986 as Drakonorchis drakeoides ms (it has now been placed back in Caladenia) and ranked as Critically Endangered in November 1998. It currently meets World Conservation Union Red List Category 'CR' under criteria B2ab(ii,iii,iv,v) due to its small area of occupancy, the populations being severely fragmented and an observed decline in area of occupancy, quality of habitat, number of subpopulations and number of mature individuals. The species is currently known from nine populations in the Moora District, eight populations in the Merredin District and one population in the Katanning District. The main threats are inappropriate fire regimes, rising saline water tables, grazing, degraded habitat, weeds, poor recruitment and limited genetic diversity.