northanger (northanger) wrote,

Asteroid #2091-SAMPO

Sampaguita Song
You thrust brown hands at me
Flower-laden, smelling like old
Memories, tender at the recall
Of gardens in a province
We've left
and miss.

Marjorie M. Evasco

girl with butterfly

2006 Southern Leyte mudslide

On February 17, 2006, a series of mudslides caused widespread damage and carnage in the Philippine province of Southern Leyte. The deadly landslides followed a ten-day period of heavy rains and a minor earthquake of magnitude 2.3 on the Richter scale. Fifty people are confirmed dead, but with over 900 people still missing the death toll is expected to rise dramatically ... The municipality of Saint Bernard was one of the worst hit areas, where twenty-three are confirmed to be dead with up to 200 estimated as dead and another 1,500 missing. Barangay Guinsaugon, a fishing village on the said municipality with 2,500 people, was almost completely destroyed. A local elementary school was buried during one of the landslides which occurred between 9 a.m. and 10 a.m. when the school was in session and full with children. Provincial Governor Rosette Lerias said that the school had 246 students and 7 teachers and as of 17 February, only one child and one adult have been rescued. There were also about 100 people visiting the village for a women's group meeting.

Possible causes :: Philippine congressman Roger Mercado of Southern Leyte claimed in a Reuters interview that logging and mining done in the area three decades ago was the main culprit. Dave Petley, professor at the International Landslide Centre, Durham University, told the BBC that the causes Congressman Mercado mentioned, if proven true, created a "dangerous combination" that produced a "classic landslide scenario". However, local government officials and eyewitnesses say that the area was well forested and the governor's office said that deforestation logging activities were not the causal factor. Experts did agree that torrential rains lasting two weeks before the mudslide was the main cause for the disaster.

{Official website}

Republic of the Philippines

{America's Forgotten Empire} In these heady days of incipient empire, Rudyard Kipling's 1899 poem "The White Man's Burden"—written as advice to Americans following our seizure of the Philippines—is enjoying an unlikely revival. In Empire, Niall Ferguson quotes from it at length while urging Americans to accept their long-prophesied destiny in Iraq and elsewhere. But in last Sunday's New York Times Magazine, Ferguson notes a problem with American empire: Too few Americans are willing to make imperialism a full-time career. "Send forth the best ye breed," wrote Kipling, "in patience to abide." That's how the Brits managed to run much of the world for more than a century. The Yanks? No staying power, says Ferguson. It's true: Americans today have little interest in running the world, except by remote control. But that may be because we've already learned our lesson. Speaking as the son, grandson, and great-grandson of Americans who answered Kipling's original call, I'm obliged to point out that we've already tried the British Empire approach at least once before, in the Philippines—not for days or weeks but for half a century.

{Manuel L. Quezon} first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. He is considered the second President of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (whose administration did not receive international recognition at the time and is not considered the first president by the United States) ... In 1935 Manuel L. Quezon won the Philippine's first national presidential election against Emilio Aguinaldo and Bishop Gregorio Aglipay. His original six year term without reelection was extended by constitutional amendment, allowing him to serve two additional years for a total of eight. He was reelected in November, 1941. In a notable humanitarian act, Quezon, in cooperation with United States High Commissioner Paul V. McNutt, facilitated the entry into the Philippines of Jewish refugees fleeing fascist regimes in Europe. Quezon was also instrumental in promoting a project to resettle the refugees in Mindanao. After the Japanese invasion of the Philippines during World War II he fled to the United States. There, he served as a member of the Pacific War Council, signed the declaration of the United Nations against the Axis Powers, and wrote his autobiography (Good Fight, 1946). Quote: "I prefer a country run like hell by Filipinos to a country run like heaven by Americans. Because, however bad a Filipino government might be, we can always change it."

{Douglas MacArthur} After the United States entered World War II, MacArthur became Allied commander in the Philippines ... In March 1942, as Japanese forces tightened their grip on the Philippines, MacArthur was ordered by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt to relocate to Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, after Quezon and his wife had already left ... His famous speech, in which he said "I came out of Bataan and I shall return", was made at Terowie, South Australia on March 20. During this period, President Manuel L. Quezon decorated MacArthur with the Philippine Distinguished Conduct Star ... MacArthur became Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in the Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA) ... Relentlessly, MacArthur headed toward the Philippines and his own clearing of his reputation, and to free the captive American, Allied and Filipino soldiers and civilians, many of whom had been tortured and mis-treated by the victorious Japanese Army, which had subjected the survivors to the 'Death March of Bataan' and had kept the rest in concentration camps. American and Allied (mostly Australian) forces under MacArthur's command took back the Philippines, along with a simultaneous guerilla uprising by the furious Filipino people against their Japanese conquerors, on October 20th 1944, fulfilling MacArthur's vow to return to the Philippines and consolidating their hold on the archipelago in the Battle of Luzon after heavy fighting, and despite a tremendous Japanese Imperial naval counter-attack by an entire fleet of Japanese warships after MacArthur's invasion of Leyte, and with the advent of Japanese 'kamikaze' suicide attacks by her pilots.

{Quezon Memorial Circle} national park & shrine located in Quezon City, former capital of the Philippines (1948-1976); dedicated to Manuel L. Quezon; three vertical pylons represent three main divisions of the country: Luzon, Visayas & Mindanao; three mourning angels hold the national flower (sampaguita) sculpted by Italian sculptor Francesco Monti (see: Monumental Monti & More Monti).

{Leyte History} Leyte is among the country’s most historic provinces, proud of its rich and significant past. It was the site not only of a major uprising against the Spaniards but also of the famous landing of US forces during World War II, marking its place in history as the point of entry for the American forces of liberation. This historical consciousness is reflected on Leyte’s provincial seal. The stars symbolize the 49 towns of the province. The alphabet on the cross indicates its second phase of development, when Magellan passed through the province en route to Cebu. And the upper portion commemorates the landing of General Douglas MacArthur, through a perspective of the National Freedom Park.

Links :: {Leyte province} {Leyte (island)} {Tolosa, Leyte} {Tolosa} {wiki: Tagalog}

Philippine Mining

{1995 Mining Act} Elio said while Davide's appointment has been lauded by ranking officials in the judiciary and politicians, the ''people especially the indigenous peoples would like to see these accolades manifested into rulings that uphold the interest of the poor and the deprived.'' The petition against the Mining Act was filed by at least 45 leaders of indigenous peoples, individuals, nongovernment organizations, people's organizations and children on Feb. 7 last year. The petitioners are questioning the constitutionality of the Mining Act as it allows foreign companies to acquire 100 percent ownership stake in mineral exploration sites in the country. Records from the Mines and Geosciences Bureau showed that there are at least 116 FTAA applications, covering over a million hectares and 1,448 applications for Mineral Production Sharing Agreements. All these applications traverse ancestral lands claimed by indigenous peoples, Elio said.

{Leyte Officials Block Mining Threats} On December 12, officials of Hindang, Sogod and Inopacan conducted a forum to oppose the opening of gold, copper, and silver mines spanning the three towns. The mining application, submitted by Horizon Resources Corporation (HRC), covers 4,941 hectares, which includes forest areas. The forum was initiated by government officials of Hindang, who fear that their horrendous experience with Primary Structure Corporation’s sand and gravel extraction will be repeated. The company continues to extract sand and gravel in Hindang despite the lapse of the 5-year permit issued by the Mines and Geosciences Bureau, and the lack of a business permit or approval from the local government units (LGUs). The extraction has been causing destruction to agricultural lands, particularly to the irrigation system of rice fields in Hindang.

{People’s Mining Policy} “We just want to show peacefully that the diocese is against “aggressive, exploitative, liberalized and commercialized mining,” Catedral, the Social Action Center director of the Diocese of Marbel, said after the caravan arrived here and met those coming from Sarangani province ... Catedral said they want the government to repeal the 1995 Mining Act, or Republic Act 7942, because it promotes destruction of the environment and it “has no social acceptability” ... A draft of the People’s Mining Policy said: “Our people are deprived of the benefits of their national patrimony, their rights violated…[and] suffer the consequences of a ravaged environment .... Our mining industry and the current ‘Revitalization of the Mineral Industry Program’ will not reverse this trend. The Philippine Mining Act of 1995 will only worsen the long term crisis plaguing the industry,” it added.

{The Mining Act of ’95} Foreign mining corporations have long been taking great interest in the Philippine underground. It is common knowledge that foreign mining interests had a big hand in formulating the Mining Act. The primary purpose of the law is to provide the legal framework for foreign investments in the Philippine mining sector.

Links :: {SC Decision} {Projects on the Pipeline}

Sampaguita — National Flower of the Philippines

{National Flower} Philippines - sampaguita (Arabian jasmine, Jasminum sambac).

{Jasmine} Jasminum sambac is the National Flower of Indonesia, where it is known as "Melati", and the Philippines, where it is known as the "Sampaguita". In Indonesia, it is the most important flower in wedding ceremonies for ethnic Indonesians. Jasminum officinale is the National Flower of Pakistan, where it is known as the "Chambeli".

{Sampaguita livelihoods of peri-urban Metro Manila - pdf} The sampaguita [Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait] livelihood system in the municipality of San Pedro, Laguna, Philippines, is anchored primarily on the production of flowers and their preparation into garlands. The entire livelihood system involves eight key players: the farmer, the flower picker, the supplier, the vendor, the abaca fiber cleaner, the garland-making contractor, the garland maker and the garland seller. This sampaguita livelihood is an example of a viable peri-urban enterprise that links growers in rural areas to the marketing of garlands in adjacent urban Metro Manila. Aside from providing income and various types of employment to a large number of workers, the sampaguita agribusiness also offers several socio-cultural benefits not only to its major actors but also to the community as a whole. Several problems related to production, post-production and socio-economics beset sampaguita livelihood. R&D agenda in support of the sampaguita livelihood system is proposed.

Philippine Literature

I. Why I Write (Marjorie Evasco)

On occasions like this when I am asked to talk about my poetics the image of the Great Heron standing in the mudflats comes to mind. It is an image that brings me back to a long bus ride I once took with my parents from Tagbilaran City to the town of Ubay to visit my grandparents for the summer vacation. I hated those bus rides because invariably, too many people were crushed together, and under the seats were all sorts of odds and ends-- potatoes, bananas, dried fish, corn grits and chickens tied at the feet to be sold at a public market in some town. There were fewer buses in Bohol then and when the one we took blew one of its tires, it meant a tedious wait in the middle of nowhere while the driver walked to the nearest vulcanizing shop.

I was a hungry, hot-tempered and testy 10-yr. old from the heat and dust when our bus stopped in San Pascual, a barrio 25 kms. from our destination. But my father hoisted me down from the seat, brushed the white lime dust from my hair, and led me up a hill where the cogon grass swayed to a pungent breeze. From this lookout point, the rice in the paddies were ready for harvesting.

"Watch," my father instructed, pointing to a pond where two carabaos were cooling off. Suddenly, my father clapped his hands, and as if by magic, a flock of white birds flew out of the water behind the clump of cogon grass. The birds circled and took my heart with them as they flew away.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
{José Rizal} called the "Pride of the Malay Race," "The Great Malayan," "The First Filipino," "The Messiah of the Revolution," "The Universal Hero," "The Messiah of the Redemption," was an eye surgeon and is the national hero of the Philippines ... As a polymath, he was also an architect, artist, educator, economist, ethnologist, scientific farmer, historian, inventor, journalist, musician, mythologist, internationalist, naturalist, novelist, ophthalmologist, physician, poet, propagandist, sculptor, and sociologist. A patriot of the highest order, the anniversary of Rizal's death, December 30, is now celebrated as a holiday in the Philippines, called Rizal Day ... José Rizal's most famous works were his two novels, Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, social commentaries on the Philippines under Spanish colonial rule.

{Philippine literature in English}

Philippine Asteroids

#138-TOLOSA discovered 19-May-1874 named for discovered 19-May-1874 by French astronomer Joseph Perrotin, named for Toulouse, France — can also represent Tolosa, Leyte in the Philippines. Mars Perrotin crater & asteroid #1515-PERROTIN named in Perrotin's honor; he also discovered asteroids #149-MEDUSA, #163-ERIGONE (Greek mythology; Genus of spiders), #170-MARIA, #180-GARUMNA & #252-CLEMENTINA.

#631-PHILIPPINA discovered 21-Mar-1907 by German astronomer August Kopff, named for a friend (Philipp Kessler); Kopff also discovered Trojan asteroids PATROCLUS & HEKTOR & PYRRHA, ZELIMA, UTE, SCHEHEREZADE, COSIMA, GUNLÖD & #666-DESDEMONA.

#1423-JOSE, discovered 28-Aug-1936 by astronomer J. Hunaerts, named for Giuseppina Bianchi, deceased young daughter of Italian astronomer Emilio Bianchi (#674-RACHELE named for his wife); Represents José Rizal.

#4866-BADILLO discovered 10-Nov-1988 by Japanese astronomer Takuo Kojima, named for Philippines astronomer Victor L. Badillo.

The official IAU citation for asteroid 4866 Badillo, published in Minor Planet Center Circular No. 54173 on May 23rd, reads: Victor L. Badillo (born 1930) has popularized astronomy in the Philippines for more than three decades, inspiring countless Filipino astronomers. Ordained in 1965, he directed the Jesuit-run Manila Observatory in Quezon City and served as president of the Philippine Astronomical Society from 1972 to 1990.

#13241-BIYO, discovered 22-May-1998 by LINEAR; named for Josette Biyo, Philippines high school teacher whose students were winners of the 2002 Intel ISEF in Louisville, Kentucky.

2002 Intel Foundation Excellence in Teaching Award: Established to recognize science teaching excellence. Awarded to 5 teachers who demonstrated an innovative and inspirational method or program. A $20,000 grant to replicate the best known method, a $5,000 cash award and a high performance computer — Josette Biyo, Philippine Science High School Western Visayas, Iloilo, Philippines.

 • A Novel Application of Locally Formulated Cholestric Liquid Crystals in Dosimetry. Allan Noriel Estrella, 17, Manila Science High School, Manila, Philippines; Jeric Valles Macalintal, 16, Manila Science High School, Manila, Philippines; Richard Kristoffer Sanchez Manapat, 16, Manila Science High School, Manila, Philippines.

#1697-ESTRELLA, discovered 31-Mar-1998 by LINEAR; named for Allan Noriel Estrella.

#12088-MACALINTAL, discovered 20-Apr-1998 by LINEAR; named for Jeric Valles Macalintal.

 • Antibiotic Substance Obtained from the Parotid Gland Secretions of the Toad (Bufo marinus). Prem Vilas Fortran Moso Rara, 17, Integrated Developmental School - MSU-IIT, Iligan, Lanao Del Norte, Philippines.

#12522-RARA, discovered 21-Apr-1998 by LINEAR; named for Prem Vilas Fortran Moso Rara.


"Philippines" also appears in :: The Domination (dystopian alternate history series); List of acronyms: PAL - Philippine Airlines (see: Phase Alternating Line), PH or PHL - Philippines & SOCCSKSARGEN; List of disasters: Supertyphoon Nina (25-Nov-1987). "Jasmine" appears in :: NetNavi.

Ilmarinen forgia il Sampo

#2091-SAMPO, discovered 26-Apr-1941 by Finnish astronomer & physicist Yrjö Väisälä who also discovered asteroids ESPERANTO, AUNUS, AURA, ESTONIA & TYCHO BRAHE; a crater on the Moon & asteroid 1573-VÄISÄLÄ named in his honor. SAMPO named for magical artefact from Finnish mythology made by Ilmarinen (Eternal Hammerer) ... "Episode 422 of Mystery Science Theater 3000, produced in the 1992/93 season, featured The Day the Earth Froze. Though the movie does explain what a Sampo is, the MST3K characters are talking during the explanation, and miss it, and are therefore confused throughout the film as to what exactly a Sampo is. The Sampo was thus thrust into modern-day Internet folklore as a terribly important and useful artefact that nobody understands the importance or use of." see asteroids: #1453-FENNIA (Latin, "Finland"), #1495-HELSINKI, #1454-KALEVALA, #1705-TAPIO, #2675-TOLKIEN.

"sampu" means ten in tagalog (not sure about "sampo", but seen it ten also)


Tags: José Rizal, arabian jasmine, evasco, ilmarinen, leyte, macarthur, philippines, quezon, sampaguita, sampo

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