050827 Milesdavis 24 sc 40'30.9202 0.2081681 -14°34' 5.5099 3.090837878 050827 Veblen 18 cp 28'21.4571 -0.0401094 -21° 5'31.2756 2.129877310 050827 Levasseur 9 ge 14' 2.7359 0.4501692 33° 8'10.5391 1.765003648 050827 Morellet 3 ta 10'52.3723 0.0053401 10°33'21.5758 2.629180281 050827 Akplatonov 27 sa 53'34.2830 0.0945015 -12° 8' 8.3236 2.116878353 050827 Quesnay 12 li 56'13.2878 0.4272021 -4°12'37.4301 3.140409948 050827 Kalm 20 sc 31'42.6470 0.2569882 -19°55'54.1162 3.024256568 050827 Jensen 0 vi 10'32.7447 0.2934282 8°23'23.2658 4.823763688 050827 Mirabeau 7 vi 14'35.7357 0.3756310 10°20'15.3110 4.099634058 050827 Galiani 20 sc 13'39.0767 0.3070065 -16°10'43.9185 2.522908321 050827 Turgot 7 ge 13'21.6429 0.4237662 18°21'20.7655 1.687254978
#5892-MILESDAVIS, American jazz trumpeter, bandleader & composer Miles Dewey Davis III.
#31665-VEBLEN, Norwegian-American economist & sociologist Thorstein Veblen (see nephew mathematician Oswald Veblen), wrote Theory of the Leisure Class (1899), satiric look at American society written while he taught at the University of Chicago, coined phrases "conspicuous consumption" and "pecuniary emulation"; argued economics was inevitably shaped by culture; Important analytical contributions: "ceremonial / instrumental dichotomy" — every society dependent on tools / skills to support the "life process", every society also appeared to have a stratified structure of status ("invidious distinctions") that ran contrary to the imperatives of the "instrumental" (read: "technological") aspects of group life. This led rise to the dichotomy: the "ceremonial" was related to the past, supporting the tribal legends; "instrumental" was oriented toward the technological imperative to judge value by the ability to control future consequences, &etc.
#6170-LEVASSEUR, French economist Pierre Émile Levasseur, professor of rhetoric at Besançon (one of France's older universities), appointed professor of geography, history and statistics in the College de France, etc., one of the founders of the study of commercial geography, member of the Council of Public Instruction, president of the French society of political economy, honorary president of the French geographical society.
#11950-MORELLET, French economist, philosopher & writer André Morellet, last of the "philosophes"; Voltaire called him "L'Abbé Mords-les"; thrown into the Bastille for an alleged libel; useful in quasi-diplomatic communications with English statesmen; elected a member of the Académie française in 1785; semi-satirical translation of Nicolau Aymerich's Directorium Inquisitorum an influencing factor in the cessation of some of the Roman Catholic Church's more inquisitorial practices; see: #9588-QUESNAY.
#9549-AKPLATONOV, Russian mathematician Aleksandr Konstantinovich Platonov, specialising in the applications of mathematics in celestial mechanics, solar system astronomy, spaceflight, medical and industrial robotics, and economics.
#9588-QUESNAY, French surgeon, physician & economist François Quesnay, aka the "French Confucius"; physician in ordinary to & highly regarded by Louis XV who used to call him his thinker, when he ennobled him he gave him for arms three flowers of the pansy (pensée in French, also meaning thought) & motto "Propter excogitalionem mentis"; Physiocrats (from Greek, "rule of nature"), probably one of the first well developed theories of economics; group of economists who believed the wealth of nations derived solely from agriculture; opposed mercantilism & celebrated the farmer; Adam Smith heavily influence by their thought & cited in Karl Marx's Das Kapital; see: #1076-VIOLA, #8169-MIRABEAU, #11958-GALIANI, #10089-TURGOT, #2807-KARL_MARX & #11950-MORELLET.
#2332-KALM, Finnish explorer, botanist & agricultural economist Pehr Kalm (Finnish, Pietari Kalm), first written description of the Niagara Falls & first comprehensive study of North American natural history; one of the first students of Swedish botanist & physician Carolus Linnaeus, who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of taxonomy, considered one of the fathers of modern ecology; involved in Finland's language strife involving the predominance of the Swedish language in administration, education, etc., publication of the Finnish national epic the Kalevala, inspired a Finnish national awakening raising the Finnish language & culture from peasant-status to a national language & national culture; Kalm born & raised bi-culturally & bi-lingually& known professional writings in Latin & Swedish; Finnish scientist Anders Chydenius, student of Kalm's, wrote The National Gain, 11 years before Adam Smith published The Wealth of Nations; see: #7412-LINNAEUS, #1454-KALEVALA & #1705-TAPIO.
#5900-JENSEN, named for Danish astronomer Poul Jensen; represents American economist Michael Jensen, involved in the academic discussion of the capital asset pricing model, of stock options policy & corporate governance.