northanger (northanger) wrote,

syzygial amplexus

Her knees tighten and loosen around the big-hipped creature wailing and groaning between them as if in elemental amplexusThe Cellist by Galway Kinnell


SYZYGY (original link had the additional comment about Galway Kinnell) :: What word in the English language has only six letters and three are "y"s? ++ Sherri, The word is the noun SYZYGY which in astronomy refers to the situation in which three bodies, such as and usually the sun, the earth, and either the moon or a planet lie along a straight line (produces eclipses). It also refers to a group of two couple feet in Greek or Latin prosody. A third meaning is of a pair of two things that are somehow correlated ; specifically in Gnostic philosophy a pair of opposite eternal beings male and female. A forth meaning from zoology refers to the immovable union and growing together or coalescence of two joints of an arm, or the union of two organism without loss of identify. Etymology: early 17th century borrowed from Late Latin ‘syzygia’ from Greek ‘syzygia’ yoke, pair, union of two, conjunction, from ‘syzygein’ to yoke together (‘sy-‘ together + ‘zygon’ yoke) * ‘y’ suffix forming noun. ++ When I was trying to discern this word, I came up with syzygial, owing the knowledge of that word to a poem by Galway Kinnell called "The Cellist". He illustrates a cellist's relationship to her cello by saying she's in "syzygial amplexus". Now I see there's a word preceding syzygial. Thank you, Ken G.

the noun 'amplexus' (4th declension) means ‘embrace', while the past participle ‘amplexus' in the nominative masculine singular derives from the deponent verb ‘amplector' meaning ‘ I embrace'.

There are a few echoes (PDF) of the Aeneid in Ovid, and parallels with the Laocoon passage, specifically in the scene that describes Hecuba, Priam’s wife, and her daughters who have been driven around the altar, just as doves are driven by a storm ( Aen. 515-518). The daughters are pictured as embracing the shrines of the gods (divum amplexae simulacra). In Ovid (Meta. 413), the Trojan mothers are shown holding and embracing the burned temples (amplexas succensaque templa tenentes). The use of amplector (twine around, embrace) and of complector should be compared to the use of anaphora in Aen. 214 and 218 where the former verb is used also as a perfect participle (amplexus) to describe one serpent as it grabs the sons and later refers to both of the monsters.

Surinam toads, also called Star fingered toads, are a genus of frog within the family Pipidae. They are native to northern South America, Like other pipids, these frogs are almost exclusively aquatic.

{The alleged three-headed frog & "a wonderfully gross picture of a toad mating ball involving at least six toads ... merci!" ++ ewww!!}

Gravid female toads are actively and persistently sought out by males and many males will often try to attach themselves to a single female. This can result in very large masses of toads all clinging to each other with one female at the centre. Such agglomerations of toads can be the size of a soccer ball. Eventually one male will secure solitary possession. Amplexus is the process wherein the male grasps the female while she lays her eggs. At the same time, he fertilizes them with a fluid containing sperm. The dark brown eggs are about 2.0 to 2.8 millimetres in diameter and are covered in an outer shell of gelatinous transparent aterioal which swells in contact with water. The eggs, known as toadspawn hatch into tadpoles or toadpoles. Toads lay their eggs in long strings, forming double files in straight, jelly-like tubes ... Pipa pipa, the Suriname toad of South America, carries her young embedded in the skin of her back. After mating, the eggs sink gradually into the female's back, and a skin pad forms over the eggs. The developing juvenile frogs are visible inside their pockets for several days before hatching. They emerge over a period of days, thrusting their head and forelegs out first, then struggling free.

Fertilization - SPERM :: Contains globular actin in some non-mammalian sps.; important in acrosome reaction; OVA :: Contains high concentration of globular actin molecules, important in sperm incorporation; Phase II :: Globular actin (G-actin) in subacrosomal space polymerizes into actin filaments (F-actin).

syz·y·gy :: in astronomy, alignment of three bodies of the solar system along a straight or nearly straight line. A planet is in syzygy with the earth and sun when it is in opposition or conjunction, i.e., when its elongation is 180° or 0°. The moon is in syzygy with the earth and sun when it is new or full ... The association of gregarine protozoa end-to-end or in lateral pairing without sexual fusion ... The pairing of chromosomes in meiosis ... In psychology, Carl Gustav Jung used the term syzygy to denote an archetypal pairing of contrasexual opposites, which symbolized the communication of the conscious and unconscious minds ... In mathematics, a syzygy is a relation between the generators of a module. All such relations create what is called the first syzygy module. The relations between generators of the first syzygy module form the second syzygy module. This process can be repeated indefinitely, forming higher-order syzygy modules ... In mathematics, Hilbert's syzygy theorem is a result of commutative algebra, first proved by David Hilbert (1890) in connection with the syzygy (relation) problem of invariant theory. Roughly speaking, starting with relations between polynomial invariants, then relations between the relations, and so on, it explains how far one has to go to reach a clarified situation. It is now considered to be an early result of homological algebra, and through the depth concept, to be a measure of the non-singularity of affine space. [Late Latin s[ymacr]zygia, from Greek suzugia-, union, from suzugos, paired : sun-, su-, syn- + zugon, yoke.]

Globular cluster are roughly spherical groups of anything between 10,000 and several million stars in a region about 10 to 30 light years across. They generally consist of very old Population II stars, just a few million years older than the universe itself.

Virgo :: Because of the presence of a galaxy cluster (consequently called the Virgo cluster) within its borders 5° to 10° west of ? Vir (Vindemiatrix), this constellation is especially rich in galaxies.

M87 JET :: @ Chandra & Astronomy Picture of the Day.

Elliptical Galaxy M87 :: M87 (also known as Virgo A, Messier Object 87, Messier 87 or NGC 4486) is a giant elliptical galaxy dominating the Virgo cluster. Identified as a strong radio source, it is also one of the largest known galaxies ... In 1918 Lick Observatory astronomer Heber Curtis discovered a jet of matter coming from M87 which he described as "a curious straight ray". This jet extends at least 5000 light years from the nucleus of M87 and is made up of gas and other matter ejected from the galaxy, most likely by a black hole (a fact made more likely by the discovery of a disk of rapidly rotating gas around the nucleus of M87) ... In 1966 Halton Arp of Mount Palomar Observatory discovered a corresponding jet pointing in the opposite direction. M87 has also been found to be a strong source of x rays.

Arachnida, are a class of joint-legged invertebrate animals in the subphylum Chelicerata. Arachnids are named for the mythological figure Arachne. They are chiefly terrestrial arthropods, some 65,000 to 73,000 species including the spiders, scorpions, harvestmen, ticks, and mites. The arachnids are easily distinguished from the insects by the fact that they have eight legs instead of six.

Arachne, or Arakhne was a woman from Greek mythology, the daughter of Idmon of Colophon in Lydia, a dyer in purple. She was a fine weaver who began claiming that her skill was greater than Athena's, the goddess of weaving (among other responsibilities). Athena was angered, but gave Arachne a chance to redeem herself. Assuming the form of an old woman, she warned Arachne not to offend the gods. Arachne scoffed and wished for a weaving contest, so she could prove her skill. Athena dropped her disguise and the contest began ... Even Athena admitted that Arachne's work was flawless, but was outraged at Arachne's disrespectful choice of subjects. Finally losing her temper, Athena destroyed her tapestry and loom, and struck Arachne on the head. Arachne realized her folly and was crushed with shame. She ran off and hanged herself. Athena took pity on Arachne. Sprinkling her with the juices of aconite, Athena, loosened the rope, which became a cobweb, while Arachne herself was changed into a spider (Ovid, Metamorphoses. Book 6, 5-54, 129-145). The story probably indicates the superiority of Asia over Greece in the textile arts.

Cerberus was the three-headed watchdog with a serpent body that guarded the entrance to Hades in Greek/Roman mythology ... Hercules encountered Cerberus near the gates of Acheron, one of the five rivers of the Underworld. Using only his strength, he wrestled Cerberus & was able to take him up to Eurystheus. As he struggled, his saliva dripped to the ground producing a poisonous plant called aconite (also known as 'hecateis,' because Hecate was the first to use it). It was also what Medea used to try to poison Theseus ... See also Naberius, the 24th Spirit of the Goetia.

Naberius [Naberus], alias Cerberus, is a valiant marquesse, shewing himselfe in the forme of a crowe, when he speaketh with a hoarse voice: he maketh a man amiable and cunning in all arts, and speciallie in rhetorike, he procureth the losse of prelacies and dignities: nineteene legions heare (and obeie) him.

Oddubb - 'duplicity', 'doubling', cf also the incantations of Macbeth's witches - it is hard to imagine that Shakespeare wasn't remembering an invocation of Oddubb when he wrote the words of the Weird Sisters' spells. ++ The five entities each correspond to a "Barker-twinning" or "Syzygy", the pairings which make up 9 (1/8, 2/7, 3/6, 5/4, 9/0) and which together constitute the "Pentazygon" ("Five-twin"). The first three of these beings make up "the cycle of time", whilst the other two are – in some sense – "outside" sequential time. The cycle the system describes, Trent points out, is "multi-levelled"; it is also, for instance, also a story about the journey from land to sea and back again.

In the Middle Ages, a number of plants were thought to have poisonous or prophylactic qualities, which would have dire consequences (Henbane) or liminal ones, like "Wolfsbane" ("Aconite", Aconitum) ... Many other herbs and plants are associated with Hecate, including garlic, almonds, lavender, thyme, myrrh, mugwort, cardamon, mint, dandelion, hellebore, and lesser celandine. Several poisons and hallucinogens are linked to Hecate, including belladonna, hemlock, mandrake, aconite (known as hecateis), and opium poppy. Many of Hecate's plants were those that can be used shamanistically to achieve varyings states of consciousness ... Aconitum is a genus of flowering plant belonging to the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). There are over 250 species of Aconitum, which are known as aconite, monkshood, or wolfsbane.

Actin is a globular protein that polymerizes helically forming actin filaments (or microfilaments), which like the other two components of the cellular cytoskeleton form a three-dimensional network inside an eukaryotic cell. Actin filaments provide mechanical support for the cell, determine the cell shape, enable cell movements (through lamellipodia, filopodia, or pseudopodia); and participate in certain cell junctions, in cytoplasmic streaming and in contraction of the cell during cytokinesis.

{etymology of violin & violoncello} :: It is perhaps intriguing to uncover the relationship between the term 'violin' and the Roman Goddess of Exaltation or Victory! It is probably even more surprising to discover that there is an etymological relationship between our stringed instruments and the device used to torture slaves ... The word 'violin' originates from the Latin 'Vitula' (see chart). The word 'vitulare' meant 'to sing or rejoice'. 'Vitula' also referred to a fiddle, as well as a calf or heifer (were these words related by the fact that the heifer was used for making the gut strings of the fiddle?). The word 'vitula' became 'fides' (meaning string or lute) and evolved into 'fidula' and 'fithela' (Old English), finally becoming the modern English 'fiddle.' The Latin word 'fidicula' referred to a small lute or a mechanism to bind slaves in order to torture them! ... The first appearance of the term 'violoncello' was in the Sonatas by Arresti in 1665.

{cello} :: 1876, shortening of violoncello; {violoncello} :: 1724, from It. violoncello, dim. of violone "bass viol," augmentative of viola (see viola); {viola} :: tenor violin, 1797, from It. viola, from O.Prov. viola, from M.L. vitula "stringed instrument," perhaps from Vitula, Roman goddess of joy (see fiddle), or from related L. verb vitulari "to exult, be joyful." Viola da gamba "bass viol" (1724) is from It., lit. "a viola for the leg" (i.e. to hold between the legs) + fem. proper name, from L. viola "the violet" (see violet); {violet} :: c.1330, small plant with purplish-blue flowers, from O.Fr. violette, dim. of viole "violet," from L. viola, cognate with Gk. ion (see iodine), probably from a pre-I.E. Mediterranean language. The color sense (1370) developed from the flower; {iodine} :: 1814, formed by British chemist Sir Humphry Davy from Fr. iode "iodine," coined 1812 by Fr. chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac from Gk. ioeides "violet-colored," from ion "violet" + eidos "appearance" (see -oid). So called from the color of the vapor given off when the crystals are heated; {-oid} :: suffix for "like, like that of," from Gk. -oeides, from eidos "form," related to idein "to see," eidenai "to know;" lit. "to see," from PIE *weid-es-, from base *weid- "to see, to know" (see vision); {vision} :: c.1290, "something seen in the imagination or in the supernatural," from Anglo-Fr. visioun, O.Fr. vision, from L. visionem (nom. visio) "act of seeing, sight, thing seen," from pp. stem of videre "to see," from PIE base *weid- "to know, to see" (cf. Skt. veda "I know;" Avestan vaeda "I know;" Gk. oida, Doric woida "I know," idein "to see;" O.Ir. fis "vision," find "white," i.e. "clearly seen," fiuss "knowledge;" Welsh gwyn, Gaulish vindos, Breton gwenn "white;" Goth., O.Swed., O.E. witan "to know;" Goth. weitan "to see;" Eng. wise, Ger. wissen "to know;" Lith. vysti "to see;" Bulg. vidya "I see;" Pol. widziec' "to see," weidziec' "to know;" Rus. videt' "to see," vest' "news," O.Russ. vedat' "to know"). The meaning "sense of sight" is first recorded c.1491. Meaning "statesman-like foresight, political sagacity" is attested from 1926.

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