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Earth / Airtha

Earth

Earth, also known as the Earth, Terra, and (mostly in the 19th century) Tellus, is the third-closest planet to the Sun. It is the largest of the solar system's terrestrial planets, and the only planetary body that modern science confirms as harboring life. Besides words derived from Terra, such as terrestrial, terms that refer to the Earth include tellur- (telluric, tellurian, from the Roman goddess Tellu-s) and geo- (geocentric, geothermal; from the Greek goddess Gaia).
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The word Earth has cognates in many modern as well as defunct - including ancient - languages. Examples in modern tongues include aarde in Dutch, Erde in German, and aard in Arabic, all of which mean 'land', or in some cases, the entire earth. The root can be traced back to ertha in Old Saxon and ert (meaning 'ground') in Middle Irish. Taking into account metathesis, we can find cognates of the word Earth in the Latin terra and in the modern Romance Languages (i.e. tierra in Spanish).

Among ancient languages, we find the Assyrian irtsitu, the Aramaic araa, the Sumerian ea, as well as the Phoenician erets, which appears in the Mesha Stele. A possible origin of the word Earth is the ancient (and modern) Hebrew word (arets, or erets when followed by a noun modifier), which appears in the first sentence of the Bible: 'In the beginning, Yehowah created the heavens and the earth' [Genesis 1:1].

earth - etymology

O.E. eorðe "ground, soil, dry land," also used (along with middangeard) for "the (material) world" (as opposed to the heavens or the underworld), from P.Gmc. *ertho (cf. O.N. jörð, M.Du. eerde, O.H.G. erda {894-ERDA}, Goth. airþa), from PIE base *er-. The earth considered as a planet was so called from c.1400. Earthy in the fig. sense of "coarse, unrefined" is from 1594. Earthworm first attested 1591. Earthwork is from 1633. Earthlight apparently coined 1833 by British astronomer John Herschel.

Edenic Earth

In the Oxford English Dictionary, there are the following forms of "Earth" recorded: eordh; [Northumrian] eordhu, eordhe, hordhe, erdh(e), irthe, urth(e), yerth(e), herthe; werth, yorth; earthe, yearth(e), (erith); [Sc.] yirth, [Sc. & dial.] yearth, orth; earth; erdle; eard, eird; yird; [Sc. & Northern dialect] yird, yeird, eard.

Common Teutonic: Old English eorthe, corresponding to O.S. ertha (Middle Dutch aerde,erde, Dutch aarde), Old High German erda (Middle High German, & modern German erde), Old Norse iordh (Swedish, Danish jord), Gothic airtha: - proposed Old Teutonic [not actually found] *ertha, (?West German) erthon - ; without the dental suffix the word appears in Old High German ero.

Greek 'era-ze [on the ground]; the OED then claims "no other non-Teutonic cognates are known to exist, the plausible connection with W Aryan root *ar, to plough, being open to serious objection."

In this list is the undeniable form "erith", which more plausibly comes from "`erets" than from "ard". "Ard" is the type of form possessed by Arabic, which is obviously represented most blatantly among the forms of Northern Europe, from Scandinavia to Britain - nonetheless, there is not a lack of evidence concerning the presence, side by side, with it, of a related, yet differently evolved form of the word they both ultimately sprouted from. It is my observation that "earth" did not merely come from "ard", but is a developement, primarily (though not exclusively) of "`erets" - in an earlier form, it transmitters came into contact with those that started with the form "ard", and there occurred a mutual influence between both versions of the word. More on this later - however, in leaving off for now, I point out that there were differences between being an Angle, on the one hand, and being a Saxon, on the other (I do not see the two as being near kindred, but merely as neighbors that made timely alliance), as well as distinctly different forms of language between the distinct tribes that erroneously came to be theoretically melded into the "Anglo-Saxon" lump.

Grimm's Mythology - Chapter 13: Goddesses

In treating of gods, the course of our inquiry could aim at separating the several personalities; the goddesses (1) it seems advisable to take by themselves and all at one view, because there is a common idea underlying them, which will come out more clearly by that method. They are thought of chiefly as divine mothers who travel round and visit houses, from whom the human race learns the occupations and arts of housekeeping and husbandry: spinning, weaving, tending the hearth, sowing and reaping. These labours bring with them peace and quiet in the land, and the memory of them abides in charming traditions even more lastingly than that of wars and battles, from which most goddesses as well as women hold themselves aloof.

(1) OHG. in Notker has only the strong form gutin gen. gutinno, MHG gotinne, Trist. 4807. 15812. Barl. 246-7. seldomer gütinne, MS. 2, 65b; AS. gyden pl. gydena, but also weak gydene pl. gydenan, Mones gl. 4185 Proserpinam = to gidenan (l. tôgydenan, additional goddess); ON. gyðja [[priestess]] (which might be dea or sacerdos fem.), better âsynja (see Suppl.).

In almost all languages the Earth is regarded as female, and (in contrast to the father sky encircling her) as the breeding, teeming fruit-bearing mother: Goth. aírþa, OHG. ërda, AS. eorðe, ON. iörð [[jörð - earth, also the name of the goddess Jörð, mother of Thorr]], Gr. era (inferred from eraze); Lat. terra, tellus, humus = Slav. zeme, ziemia, zemlia, Lith. zieme, Gr. camh (? whence camaze), aia, gaia, gh: the 'mother' subjoined in Dhmhthr {1108-DEMETER}, Zema mate, indicates the goddess. The form aírþa, ërda (also herda) is itself a derivative; the simpler OHG. ero (in the Wessobr. prayer: ero noh ûfhimil, earth nor heaven) and hero (in a gloss, for solum, Graff 4, 999) might be masc. (like herd = solum, Graff 4, 1026) or fem. still. (2)

(2) The two forms ero and hero remind one of the name Eor, Cheru, attributed to Mars (supra, pp. 203-4).

see also: curtained car went round the country in spring; The spring-truces, harvest-truces, plough-truces, fixed for certain seasons and implements of husbandry, have struck deep roots in our German law and land-usages; rye ritual; vergodendeelsstrûss, i.e., dame Gode's portion bunch; restoring fertility to fields that have been bewitched, there occur two remarkable addresses; the first is 'erce, erce, erce, eorþan môdor!'; (872-HOLDA); Harke ... flies through the country between Christmas and Twelfth-day, dispensing earthly goods in abundance; by Epiphany the maids have to finish spinning their flax, else frau Harke gives them a good scratching or soils their distaff (273-ATROPOS); Et quod Juno quandoque Hera .... (3-JUNO & 103-HERA).

Harke ... flies through the country between Christmas and Twelfth-day, dispensing earthly goods in abundance; by Epiphany the maids have to finish spinning their flax, else frau Harke gives them a good scratching or soils their distaff (see Suppl.). (9) In earlier times a simpler form of the name was current; we find in Gobelinus Persona (Meibom 1, 235) the following account, which therefore reaches back beyond 1418: Quod autem Hera colebatur a Saxonibus, videtur ex eo quod quidam vulgares recitant se audivisse ab antiquis, prout et ego audivi, quod inter festum nativitatis Christi ad festum epiphaniae Domini domina Hera volat per aëra, quoniam apud gentiles Junoni aër deputabatur. Et quod Juno quandoque Hera appellabatur et depingebatur cum tintinnabulis et alis, dicebant vulgares praedicto tempore: vrowe Hera seu corrupto nomine vro Here de vlughet, et credebant illam sibi conferre rerum temporalium abundantiam. Have we here still extant the old Ero, Era, Hero meaning earth? and does Hra belong to it? If the AS. Erce also contains the same, then even the diminutive form Herke must be of high antiquity.

Earth Mother

Earth Mother is a motif that appears in many mythologies. The Earth Mother is a fertile goddess embodying the fertile earth itself and typically the mother of other deities, and so are also seen as patronesses of motherhood. Examples: 450-BRIGITTA, 1108-DEMETER, 76-FREIA, 77-FRIGGA, 1184-GAEA, 7088-ISHTAR, 42-ISIS & 601-NERTHUS.

Chrome

When does Earth become Unground? You may note the use of the term Erath in my earlier comments. Erath is Unground in its thickest, most glutinous form, the precursor to MUD and Dust. It is the Earth shot through with Oil that is so rich and dark as to have soaked the solid through and through.

{32726-CHROMIOS}

Jungle / Desert militarism

Tackling Forest first: Etymologically speaking it arises from Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin forestis (silva), outside (forest), from Latin fors, outside.
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The Forest is a realm of darkness, and as such, the Fog of War within its environs is soup of Aer and Erath, with a larger proportion of Erath involved ... Jungle-Space is also inhabited by Aer-Erath Fog of War though there is a higher proportion of Water than in Forest Space ... DUST being the medium of the War in the desert, those who travel within this pestilential fusion of Aer and Erath are infected by it, becoming its agents, breathing it in. Desert tactics therefore require that one operate from the network of oases in a nomadic fashion, moving under the cover of Darkness imposed ... DUST is primarily a construct of Erath and Aer with very little of the Water – that which exists in the Desert-Space is found in oases or deep down by the burrowers.

{15899-SILVAIN, 519-SYLVANIA, 87-SYLVIA & 13658-SYLVESTER}

Jord

Jorden is the Norwegian, Danish and Swedish name for The Earth. The -en ending means "The", so "Jord" just means "Earth". See also: Nerthus, Gaia & Earth Mother.

Nerthus

Nerthus (also sometimes Hertha) was a Germanic fertility goddess described by Tacitus. He describes a sacrifice to this goddess in a lake on what is sometimes interpreted as the island of Fyn, in Denmark.

After the Langobardi come the Reudigni, Auiones, Angli, Varni, Eudoses, Suarines and Nuithones all well guarded by rivers and forests. There is nothing remarkable about any of these tribes unless it be the common worship of Nerthus, that is Earth Mother. They believe she is interested in men's affairs and drives among them. On an island in the ocean sea there is a sacred grove wherein waits a holy wagon covered by a drape. One priest only is allowed to touch it. He can feel the presence of the goddess when she is there in her sanctuary and accompanies her with great reverence as she is pulled along by kine. It is a time of festive holidaymaking in whatever place she decides to honour with her advent and stay. No one goes to war, no one takes up arms, in fact every weapon is put away, only at that time are peace and quiet known and prized until the goddess, having had enough of peoples company, is at last restored by the same priest to her temple. After which the wagon and the drape, and if you like to believe me, the deity herself is bathed in a mysterious pool. The rite is performed by slaves who, as soon as it is done, are drowned in the lake. In this way mystery begets dread and a pious ignorance concerning what that sight may be which only those who are about to die are allowed to see.

{2462-NEHALENNIA, 601-NERTHUS, 4213-NJORD}

Wotan's Invocation of Erda

This excerpt is Act 3, Scene 1 of "Siegfried," {15147-SIEGFRIED} the music-drama for the third night of Richard Wagner's {3992-WAGNER} Ring Cycle (The Ring of the Nibelung), a religious/theatrical/musical festival in the ancient Greek tradition. This scene is Wotan's (Odin's) {3989-ODIN} invocation and dismissal of Erda, the Earth Mother {894-ERDA}.

Here is some background: Long ago Wotan established his authority by means of a spear made from a branch ripped from the World Ash Tree; the tree has since begun to wither and die. At a later time, Wotan seduced Erda and fathered on her the eight Valkyries, the wisest of whom is Brunnhilde {123-BRUNHILD}, whom he has put into a "magic sleep" {14827-HYPNOS} for her disobedience. Erda has previously told Wotan that his reign is doomed by its internal corruption and contradictions, but he has tried to forestall the inevitable. Brunnhilde is fated to be the goddess who will bring about a new, free world, cleansed by fire and water. In the process, Brunnhilde will return to Nature the magic Rhinegold {21727-RHINES & 6070-RHEINLAND}, which was wrested from Nature by the Nibelung Alberich, and which, by cursing Love, he made into a Ring of domination.

Note: The Old High German word "Wala" (Norse, "Volva") {131-VALA} means wise-woman {17826-NORMANWISDOM}, witch, or prophetess; it is used here as a title for Erda (Norse, Jord).

The scene opens at the foot of a rocky mountain. It is night, and there is a lightening storm with violent thunder. The thunder ceases after a while, but lightening continues to flash through the clouds. Wotan enters, dressed as The Wanderer: he wears a long dark-blue cloak and a wide, round-brimmed hat pulled low over his face. He strides resolutely to a vault-like cavernous opening in a rock and stands there, leaning on his spear, while he calls towards the mouth of the cave.

Geotraumatics : Zone Three : Tellurian Insurgency 2 : it all fits together

Gateways to Babylon: Nammu : Ninhursag : Inanna I : Inanna II : Inanna/Ishtar : Enki/Ea

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