northanger (northanger) wrote,

a compass & a song of degrees

the word compass occurs 38 times in the bible — three times in the NT: Matthew 23:15, Luke 19:43 & Acts 28:13. in Acts it is the greek word perierchomai meaning "to go about; of strollers; of wanderers; of navigators (making a circuit)".

beginning in Acts 20, paul is hellbent in going to jerusalem; in Acts 21 prophet Agabus takes his girdle binding his hands together & tells paul: so shall the jews do to you in jerusalem. paul is arrested, but the charges don't stick. however, since paul, as a roman citizen, "appealed to Caesar" he had to be taken to rome to be cleared of all charges. several sea journeys & paul is near crete when a tempestuous wind, called the Euroclydon ("south-east billow" or "a violent agitation"; literally rendered, a "typhonic wind," or a typhoon), blows the ship off course where it crashes into the island of Melita (honey). on land (Acts 28:1-6) paul starts a fire & awakens a viper (echidna) surprising the natives when he doesn't drop dead from the venom of the beast (therion). they think he's a god.

Acts 28:13 And from thence we fetched a compass , and came to Rhegium (breach): and after one day the south wind blew, and we came the next day to Puteoli (sulphurous springs).

pslams 120 to 134 are fifteen pslams called songs of degrees or songs of ascents. "...these are the songs sung by the Levites, on the fifteen steps, by which they went up from the court of the women to the court of the Israelites, or came down them; and on each step sung one of these psalms".

first line of all fifteen psalms:

In my distress I cried unto the LORD, and he heard me. I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help. I was glad when they said unto me, Let us go into the house of the LORD. Unto thee lift I up mine eyes, O thou that dwellest in the heavens. If it had not been the LORD who was on our side, now may Israel say; They that trust in the LORD shall be as mount Zion, which cannot be removed, but abideth for ever. When the LORD turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream. Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain. Blessed is every one that feareth the LORD; that walketh in his ways. Many a time have they afflicted me from my youth, may Israel now say: Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD. LORD, my heart is not haughty, nor mine eyes lofty: neither do I exercise myself in great matters, or in things too high for me. LORD, remember David, and all his afflictions: Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! Behold, bless ye the LORD, all ye servants of the LORD, which by night stand in the house of the LORD.


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