northanger (northanger) wrote,
northanger
northanger

eis & ensis

#5064 tessares

Revelation 6:8 And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part <5067> of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.

5067 tetartos; ordinal from 5064; AV-fourth 9, four 1; occurs 10 times; 1) the fourth.

5064 tessares / neuter tessara; a plural number; AV-four 42; 1) four.

Romans 11:9,10 And David saith, Let their table <5132> be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumblingblock, and a recompence unto them: Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back alway.

5132 trapeza; probably contracted from 5064 tessares and 3979 peze; AV-table 13, bank 1, meat 1; 15; 1) a table; 1a) a table on which food is placed, an eating place; 1a1) the table in the temple at Jerusalem on which the consecrated loaves were placed; 1b) equiv. to the food placed upon the table; 1b1) to set a table; 1b2) put food before one; 1c) a banquet, feast; 2) the table or stand of a money changer, where he sits, exchanging different kinds of money for a fee (agio), and paying back with interest loans or deposits.

btw, hupopodion (footstool) = 5259 hupo + 4228 pous.

James 2:1-6 My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory, with respect of persons. For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment; And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool <5286>: Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts? Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him? But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?

John Gill's Expositor: and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment; mean and despicable, filthy and ragged: in the courts of judicature with the Jews, two men, who were at law with one another, might not have different apparel on while they were in court, and their cause was trying: their law runs thus; “two adversaries (at law with each other), if one of them is clothed "with precious garments", (BGDYM YQRYM, "goodly apparel",) and the other is clothed with BGDYM BZVYYN, "vile raiment", (the judge) says to the honourable person, either clothe him as thou art, while thou contendest with him, or be clothed as he is, that ye may be alike, or on an equal foot.” AND or sit thou here under my footstool; this also was contrary to the Jewish canons, that one should sit, and another stand, while their cause was trying; the law runs thus: “one shall not sit, and another stand, but both shall stand; but if the sanhedrim, or court, please to let them sit, they sit; but one does not sit above, and the other below; but one by the side of the other.”

  • 0897 BG bag; a Persian word; AV-spoil 1; 1) spoil, booty.

  • 0898 BGD bagad; AV-treacherously 23, transgressor 10, transgress 3, deceitfully 2, treacherous dealer 3, treacherous 2, very 2 (inf. for emphasis), unfaithful man 1, treacherous men 1, offend 1, unfaithfully 1; 49; 1) to act treacherously, deceitfully, deal treacherously; 1a) (Qal) to act or deal treacherously, faithlessly, deceitfully, offend.

  • 0899 BGD beged; from 0898; AV-garment 107, clothes 69, cloth 13, raiment 12, apparel 4, robe 4, wardrobe 2, very 2, clothing 1, lap 1, rags 1, vestures 1; 217; 1) treachery, deceit; 2) (CLBL) garment, clothing (used indiscriminately).

#1519 eis

Romans 11:9 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare <1519><3803>, and a trap <1519><2339>, and a stumblingblock <1519><4625>, and a recompence <1519><468> unto them: Let <4639 skia (root)> their eyes be darkened <4639 skia (root)>, that they may not see, and bow <4781 sugkampto> down their back alway <1275 diapantos>.

1519 εις eis; pronounced "ice"; a primary preposition; AV-into 573, to 281, unto 207, for 140, in 138, on 58, toward 29, against 26, misc 322; 1774; 1) into, unto, to, towards, for, among. "For" (as used in #Ac 2:38 "for the forgiveness...") could have two meanings. If you saw a poster saying "Jesse James wanted for robbery", "for" could mean Jesse is wanted so he can commit a robbery, or is wanted because he has committed a robbery. The later sense is the correct one. So too in this passage, the word "for" signifies an action in the past. Otherwise, it would violate the entire tenor of the NT teaching on salvation by grace and not by works.

  1. 3803 pagis : from 4078; AV-snare 5; 1) snare, trap, noose; 1a) of snares in which birds are entangled and caught; 1a1) implies unexpectedly, suddenly, because birds and beasts are caught unawares; 1b) a snare, i.e. whatever brings peril, loss, destruction; 1b1) of a sudden and unexpected deadly peril; 1b2) of the allurements and seductions of sin; 1b3) the allurements to sin by which the devil holds one bound; 1b4) the snares of love.

  2. 4078 pegnumi : a prolonged form of a primary verb (which in its simpler form occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); AV-pitch 1; 1) to make fast, to fix; 2) to fasten together, to build by fastening together. (only occurs in Hebrews 8:2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched <4078>, and not man).

  3. 4625 skandalon : probably from a derivative of 2578; AV-offence 9, stumbling block 3, occasion of stumbling 1, occasion to fall 1, thing that offends 1; 15; 1) the movable stick or trigger of a trap, a trap stick; 1a) a trap, snare; 1b) any impediment placed in the way and causing one to stumble or fall, (a stumbling block, occasion of stumbling) i.e. a rock which is a cause of stumbling; 1c) fig. applied to Jesus Christ, whose person and career were so contrary to the expectations of the Jews concerning the Messiah, that they rejected him and by their obstinacy made shipwreck of their salvation; 2) any person or thing by which one is (entrapped) drawn into error or sin.

  4. 2578 kampto : apparently a primary verb; AV-bow 4; 1) to bend, bow, the knee (the knees); 1a) to one; 1a1) in honour of one; 1a2) in religious veneration; 1b) used of worshippers; 2) to bow one’s self.

  5. 4639 skia; AV-shadow 7; 1) shadow; 1a) shade caused by the interception of light; 1b) an image cast by an object and representing the form of that object; 1c) a sketch, outline, adumbration. Matthew 4:16, Mark 4:32, Luke 1:79, Acts 5:15, Colossians 2:17, Hebrews 8:5 & Hebrews 10:1.

  6. 468 antapodoma : from 467; AV-recompence 2; 1) the thing paid back, requital. (occurs in Luke 14:12 & Romans 11:9).

  7. 467 antapodidomi : from 473 and 591; AV-recompense 4, recompense again 1, repay 1, render 1; 7; 1) in a good sense, to repay, requite; 2) in a bad sense, penalty and vengeance. Hebrews 10:30 For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.

misc 322

  • Matthew 15:39 And he sent away the multitude, and took ship <1519>, and came into <1519> the coasts of Magdala.

  • Mark 15:34 And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast <1519> thou forsaken me?

  • Mark 4:22 For there is nothing hid, which shall not be manifested; neither was any thing kept secret, but that it should come abroad <1519>.

  • Mark 5:19 Howbeit Jesus suffered him not, but saith unto him, Go home <1519> to thy friends, and tell them how great things the Lord hath done for thee, and hath had compassion on thee.

  • Mark 5:26 And had suffered many things of many physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was nothing bettered, but rather grew worse <1519>.

  • Mark 10:8 And they twain shall be one <1519> flesh: so then they are no more twain, but one flesh.

  • Mark 12:10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become <1519> the head of the corner.

  • eis first appears :: Matthew 2:1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to <1519> Jerusalem.

  • eis last appears :: Revelation 22:14 Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into <1519> the city.

  • most occurrences :: Revelation 1:11 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in <1519> a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto <1519> Ephesus, and unto <1519> Smyrna, and unto <1519> Pergamos, and unto <1519> Thyatira, and unto <1519> Sardis, and unto <1519> Philadelphia, and unto <1519> Laodicea.

Dallas Professor Rebuffs Common Quibble on “Eis”

Monday, September 3, 2001. In a new volume on Greek grammar, Dr. Daniel Wallace (of the Dallas Theological Seminary), has made a monumental concession which devastates a common denominational rationalization relative to the meaning of eis in Acts 2:38.

On the day of Pentecost, at the conclusion of his presentation, the apostle Peter issued the following command. “Repent ye, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ unto [‘for’ KJV] the remission of your sins ...” (Acts 2:38 ASV). The Greek preposition eis (for/unto) has long been a point of controversy between those who believe that baptism is essential to salvation, and those who repudiate that idea. It has been common over the years for scholars to allege that eis has a causal force, i.e., its meaning actually conveys this thought: “... be baptized because of the remission of your sins.” “Forgiveness,” it is claimed, is received at the point of faith – and that alone.
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In 1996, Dr. Daniel B. Wallace, an associate professor of New Testament Studies at Dallas Theological Seminary, published his new book, Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics (Grand Rapids: Zondervan). It is a scholarly volume of more than 800 pages. In his discussion of eis, Wallace lists five uses of the preposition, and among them “causal” is conspicuously missing! Prof. Wallace explains the absence. He says that an “interesting discussion over the force of eis took place several years ago, especially in relation to Acts 2:38.” He references the position of J.R. Mantey, that ”eis could be used causally” in this passage. Wallace mentions that Mantey was taken to task by another scholar, Ralph Marcus ... These two men engaged in what Dr. Wallace called a “blow-by-blow” encounter. When the smoke had cleared, the Dallas professor concedes, “Marcus ably demonstrated that the linguistic evidence for a causal eis fell short of proof”.

Bodies of 36 Men Discovered in Iraq (AP)

August 25, 2005, 8:06 AM EDT. BAGHDAD, Iraq -- The bodies of 36 men were discovered Thursday southeast of Baghdad on a road leading to Iran, police said. The bodies were naked and left on a road leading to Badrah, a town near the Iranian border, police Lt. Abbas al-Shammari said. The area southeast of Baghdad has witnessed killings in the past between Shiites and Sunnis. It was not clear if Thursday's deaths were the result of sectarian motives.

Introductory Matters Concerning the Old Testament (Akkadians) :: The highest official of the state was the sukkal-mah, literally “supreme courier,” whose position may be described as “(state) chancellor.” The empire was divided into some 40 provinces ruled by as many ensis, who, despite their far-reaching authority (civil administration and judicial powers), were no longer autonomous, even if only indirectly, although the office was occasionally handed down from father to son. They could not enter into alliances or wage wars on their own. The ensis were appointed by the king and could probably also be transferred by him to other provinces. Each of these provinces was obliged to pay a yearly tribute, the amount of which was negotiated by emissaries. Of special significance in this was a system called bala, “cycle” or “rotation,” in which the ensis of the southern provinces took part; among other things, they had to keep the state stockyards supplied with sacrificial animals. Although the “province” often corresponded to a former city-state, many others were no doubt newly established. The so-called land-register text of Ur-Nammu describes four such provinces north of Nippur, giving the precise boundaries and ending in each case with the statement, “King Ur-Nammu has confirmed the field of the god XX for the god XX.” In some cities, notably in Uruk, Mari, or Der (near Badrah, Iraq), the administration was in the hands of a šakkana, a man whose title is rendered partly by “governor” and partly by “general.”

The Art in War :: This photograph was taken in the border town of Badrah near the Iranian border in June of 2003. A man was selling posters of respected clerics of the past and present and I was passing through the market place checking to see what food the locals had available to them. I had noticed the increased presence of Islamic posters in the streets and I was aware that they were part of a well-organized Iranian movement to position Bakir Akim for high office when Iraq held its first election. They would hang posters of him in schools that we had renovated to associate him with the improvements and there was no competing imagery or resistance to his campaign. He had lived exiled in Iran for years during Saddam's rule and he was returning to Najaf as the most powerful and popular political cleric in Iraq. Bakir Akim was later assassinated in Najaf by Ba'athists, but at this moment he was the heir apparent to the throne of Iraq. This photograph captures this political movement in its infancy but I find the magnetic expression on the little girl to be the true focus of the picture. Her face is full of energy and the image becomes entirely about her relationship to a world of men. Bakir Akim posters still hang on walls around Iraq but they no longer advertise a hopeful future under his gaze. He is now honored as a martyr and Iraq remains leaderless under our occupation. This little girl is still somewhere in Iraq and, as I look at this photograph, I hope that she is still hopeful. -B.B.

Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim (1939 - August 29, 2003) was the foremost Shia Muslim leader in Iraq until his assassination in a bombing in Najaf. He was the son of Grand Ayatollah Sayed Muhsin al-Hakim Tabatabai, the worldwide leader of Shia Muslims from 1955 to 1970 ... Al-Hakim was killed on August 29, 2003, when a massive car bomb exploded as he left the Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf. The blast killed at least 84 others; some estimate that as many as 125 died in the bombing ... According to U.S. and Iraqi officials, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was responsible for Hakim's assassination. They claim that Abu Omar al-Kurdi, a top Zarqawi bombmaker who was captured in January 2005, confessed to carrying out this bombing. They also cite Zarqawi's praising of the assassination in several audiotapes.

Alternate name of Zahara min Shammar :: This is being returned because the byname is improperly constructed. This same construction was returned 8/93 (Numira al Nasifa Bint Abdullah min Dimashq, Atenveldt); at the time Laurel noted that while min Dimashq 'out of Damascus' may be grammatically correct, the normal Arabic idiom would be al-Dimashqi 'the Damascene'; this error was a contributing factor in the return. Assuming that Shammar is a legitimate place-name or tribal name, the masculine byname should be al-Shammari and the feminine, wanted here, al-Shammariyya. The name is probably fine as Zahra al-Shammariyya and may be all right as Zahara al-Shammariyya. However, the prepositional construction with min has no example in the available corpus of Arabic names. Since this change is greater than we feel comfortable making, we are returning the name.

The house of Shammar is one of the largest tribes of Arabia ... In 1921 the Shammar heartland of Jebel Shammar was annexed to Saudi Arabia and the Shammar were subordinated to the Saud. The Shammar remain powerful in Saudi Arabia and have grown extremely wealthy from oil revenues ... Jebel Shammar is a former nation located in what is today northern Saudi Arabia. In 1932 after a period of conflict which involved its conquest in 1921 it was merged with the states of Nejd, Hejaz and Asir to form modern Saudi Arabia ... Among the prominent people born in Najd is Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab, the founder of the Wahhabi movement ... A well-known Hadith of Muhammad seems to portray the Nejd in a negative light, the Hadith is as follows: Ibn Umar reported the Prophet as saying: "Oh Allah, bless us in our Syria; O Allah, bless us in our Yemen." Those present said: "And in our Najd, O Messenger of Allah!" But he (Muhammad) said, "O Allah, bless us in our Syria; O Allah, bless us in our Yemen." Those present said, "And in our Najd, O Messenger of Allah!" Ibn Umar said that he thought that he said on the third occasion: "Earthquakes and fitnah are there, and there shall arise the horn of Satan." Hejaz is a region in the northwest of present-day Saudi Arabia; its main city is Jeddah, but it is probably better-known for the holy city of Mecca ... one of several regions of the Ottoman Empire provoked into rebellion by T. E. Lawrence ("of Arabia"). Twelve of the 15 Saudi hijackers in the September 11 terrorist attacks came from the 'Asir.

The Æsir are the principal pantheon of gods in Norse mythology. They include many of the major figures, such as Odin, Frigg, Thor, Baldr and Tyr. A second clan of gods, the Vanir, is also mentioned in the Norse mythos: the god Njord and his children, Freyr and Freyja, are the most prominent Vanir gods who join the Æsir as hostages after a war between Æsir and Vanir. The Vanir appear to have mainly been connected with fertility, the Æsir with power and war ... The word áss is believed to be derived from Proto-Indo-European *ansu- 'breath, god' related to Sanskrit asura and Avestan ahura with the same meaning; though in Sanskrit asura came to mean 'demon'. The cognate Old English form to áss is os 'god, deity' (as in the still-current surname Osgood). The word áss also means "beam" or "post" in Old Norse, but there has been no demonstration of etymological connection between the two words.

curtis :: In Old French, court- was represented by cort- and curt-. In the fourteenth century it became court-. In modern French it is cour-. The Romanic suffices -ese, -es, and -eis represented the Latin suffix -ensis.

burgess :: English and Scottish: status name from Middle English burge(i)s, Old French burgeis ‘inhabitant and (usually) freeman of a (fortified) town’ (see Burke), especially one with municipal rights and duties. Burgesses generally had tenure of land or buildings from a landlord by burgage. In medieval England burgage involved the payment of a fixed money rent (as opposed to payment in kind); in Scotland it involved payment in service, guarding the town. The -eis ending is from Latin -ensis (modern English -ese as in Portuguese). Compare Burger.

courteous :: 1275, from O.Fr. curteis "having courtly bearing or manners," from curt "court" + -eis, from L. -ensis. In feudal society, also denoting a man of good education (hence the name Curtis). Medieval courts were associated with good behavior and also beauty; e.g. Ger. hübsch "beautiful," from M.H.G. hübesch "beautiful," orig. "courteous, well-bred," from O.Franconian hofesch, from hof "court."

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